75. [MAP]. ARROWSMITH, J[ohn]. Mexico.
London: Pubd. 15 Feby. 1834. Engraved
map on heavy paper, original outline coloring. 47.9 x 59.3
cm (18-7/8 x 23-3/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately
110 miles. Inset: Mexico, Shewing its connection with
the Ports of Acapulco, Vera Cruz, & Tampico....
Plate number 44 at lower right. Neatly reinforced on
verso at center fold where formerly bound in atlas.
This map by the nephew of Aaron Arrowsmith first appeared in 1832 and was reissued several times. The present issue appeared in Arrowsmith's London Atlas of Universal Geography (1834). Like the Library of Congress copy (Phillips, America, p. 409, the date has been altered to 1834). Day, Maps of Texas, p. 141. Phillips, Atlases 764. Taliaferro 238: "This is one of the first European maps to use Austin's Map of Texas, 1830, as a source.... The first edition of the atlas appeared in 1834; as subsequent editions were published, the maps were frequently revised." Wheat, Transmississippi West 459 (citing the 1842 issue). The Arrowsmith family members were among the most respected and influential cartographers of the nineteenth century. In 1810 during the Spanish era, Aaron Arrowsmith created one of the outstanding maps of New Spain, which is also an important map for Texas (see Martin & Martin 25 & Streeter 1046). In 1841, John Arrowsmith published a key map of the Republic of Texas, which was the best depiction of Texas available in Europe during the Republic and annexation period (Martin & Martin 32 & Streeter 1373). The present 1834 pre-Republic map is transitional between those two great maps, representing the Mexican colonial phase as perceived by the Arrowsmith firm.
The map extends from the 42nd parallel to Guatemala and shows Texas on the eve of the Revolution. Texas appears in a truncated form, with an area smaller than that claimed by the Republicthe Nueces River is the southern boundary, and West Texas and the Panhandle are part of Mexican territory. The American Fur Depot appears on the eastern shore of Youta, or the Great Salt Lake.
76. [BOOK]. B[AIRD?], R[obert?]. View of the
Valley of the Mississippi, or the Emigrant's and
Traveller's Guide to the West. Containing a General
Description of That Entire Country; and also Notices of the
Soil, Productions, Rivers, and Other Channels of
Intercourse and Trade: and Likewise of the Cities and
Towns, Progress of Education, &c. of Each State and
Territory. Philadelphia: Published by H. S. Tanner,
1834. xii -372 pp., 15 engraved folding plates and
plans on onionskin paper (some with more than one plan per
plate), including frontispiece with original outline
coloring and pale pink shaded borders: United States
(14.2 x 16.4 cm; 5-9/16 x 6-3/8 inches; J. Knight Sc.
at lower right). 12mo, original plum cloth, printed
paper spine label (chipped and rubbed). Shelfworn with some
staining and fading to binding, occasional mild to moderate
foxing to text, the maps in superb condition. Contemporary
pencil ownership signature of William Clark.
Second and best edition, revised and augmented (first edition, Philadelphia, 1832). Clark, Old South III:10: "A guidebook prepared for (1) those who desire to migrate to the Mississippi Valley; (2) those who wish to travel there for amusement, health, or business; and (3) those who wish to know more about the Valley, although they never expect to travel there. The first ten chapters present a general view of the geography, history, manners and customs, climate, soil and other aspects of the entire Valley, followed by chapters on individual states and territories, including lists of their colleges, schools, and other institutions" (see also Clark's entry 269 in the same vol.). Howes B45 (attributing authorship to Robert Baird, Richard Bache, or Robert Bache).
The excellent engraved maps were created by H. S. Tanner, a leading draftsman, engraver, and map publisher of nineteenth-century United States. The frontispiece map of the United States shows only the eastern part of Texas, with the boundary of Louisiana at the Sabine, and Texas labeled Mexico. Other maps and plans include Louisville, environs of St. Louis, lead region of Missouri, Lexington, Louisiana & Mississippi, New Orleans, Pensacola, and Mobile.
77. [MAP]. [DUFOUR, Auguste-Henri?.]
États-Unis de L'Amerique du Nord. [Paris,
1834?]. Engraved map, original outline coloring, borders
shaded yellow. 20.1 x 26.3 cm (8 x 10-1/2 inches). Scale
not stated. Numbered legend at left for U.S. states. Light
We cannot trace the source of this map, although someone has written "T. Duvotenay 1834" on the verso. However, the map is a bit early for the work of Duvoteny, who did work with Dufour, the latter of whom had cartographical works published earlier than Duvoteny. Texas is labeled as such but shown as part of Mexico, with its eastern border at the Sabine. The cartographer was entirely ambiguous on the western boundary of Texas, which would seem to extend to the Pacific.
HOOKER MAP IN COLORED STATE
78. [BOOK]. [FISKE, M. (attrib.)]. A Visit to
Texas: Being the Journal of a Traveller through those Parts
Most Interesting to American Settlers.... New York:
Goodrich & Wiley, 1834. iv -264  pp., 4
copper-engraved plates by J. T. Hammond (Mr.
Neil's Estate near Brazoria; Lazzoing a Horse on the
Prairie; Road Through a Cane Break; Shooting
the Deer on the Prairie), folding engraved map by W.
Hooker with original extensive shading and outlining in
color: Map of the State of Coahuila and Texas W. Hooker
Sculpt. (26 x 33.5 cm; 10-3/8 x
13-1/8 inches; scale: 1 inch = approximately 90 miles).
16mo, modern full brown leather, gilt-lettered red calf
spine label. New endpapers, terminal leaves and map
reinserted on acid-free Japanese paper stubs, mild to
moderate foxing to text (not affecting plate images or map,
which are fine. The map has a neat repair at juncture of
map and book block. Fresh, strong coloring to the rare
Hooker map, which is on thick paper rather than onionskin.
Contemporary ink ownership signature of Joshua G. Smith on
title page and a few contemporary pencil notes at end
(figures computing mileage, on a page relating to distances
across Texas). One of the Alamo defenders was a Joshua G.
Smith. See The Handbook of Texas Online (Joshua G.
Smith). This inscription needs research.
First edition. Clark, Old South III:114: "A very rare book, containing fine descriptions of natural scenery, prairies, some natural history, and an account of political conditions." Graff 1336. Howes T145. Phillips, Sporting Books, p. 388. Streeter 1155: "The account gives a fresh and interesting picture of life in Texas...interspersed with caustic comments on the Galveston Bay Company" & p. 328 (cited as one of the top travel books on Texas): "Thought to be the earliest [plates] to show sporting scenes in the West." Taliaferro 241n (commenting on Hooker's map): "One of the earliest maps of Texas to show all of Texas to the Arkansas River, including the Panhandle." Vandale 187. The excellent map by William Hooker showing Texas land grants first issued as a separate in 1833 and again, with revisions, in Holley's 1833 book (see Streeter 1135 & 1136, Taliaferro 241, & Item 74 herein). Hooker's map, based on Austin's great map but in smaller format, contains corrections given by Austin to Holley. The Hooker map in this book does not have additional place locations that are on the Hooker map in the 1836 Holley, such as Columbia, Bell's Lang., Powhattan, New Washington, etc., nor the manuscript additions found in the 1836 issue (see Item 89 below). This copy does not have some features that are described by Streeter (1136) as being in the separately issued Hooker map of 1833 (absence of crosshatching on the Burnet, Vehlein, and Zavala grants, etc.). The serious collector of Texas cartography will want all issues of the Hooker map. For other issues of the Hooker map, see Items 74 and 89 herein.
79. [MAP]. TANNER, H. S. Mexico &
Guatemala. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1834.
Engraved map (by J. Knight), original full color. 28.9 x
35.7 cm (11-3/8 x 14 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately
200 miles. Inset maps of Valley of Mexico (lower
left) and Guatemala (upper right). Title with ornate
lettering. Upper center: Tanner's Universal Atlas.
Minor tears and stains along border margins, light
browning along edges.
This map is detailed, handsome, and boldly colored in shades of pink, olive green, yellow, and pale orange. Texas pops out from the center of the map in pale orange, and is prominently labeled Texas. It is obvious that Tanner had access to Stephen F. Austin's cartographic work (Tanner was Austin's publisher). This map was used by other cartographers and publishers, often with very little revision, except changing shading and slight revisions to indicate the evolving status of Texas. Although dated 1834, this map appeared in the 1844 edition of Tanner's New Universal Atlas as Plate No. 36 (Tanner's atlas had appeared as early as 1836, but the map was Plate No. 30 in earlier editions). Further, the city of Austin, which was founded in 1839, is located on this map. Phillips, Atlases 4324.
FIRST ATLAS TO CONTAIN A SEPARATE MAP OF TEXAS
80. [ATLAS]. BRADFORD, T[homas] G[amaliel]. A
Comprehensive Atlas, Geographical, Historical &
Commercial. Boston: William D. Ticknor; New York: Wiley
& Long, 1835. 129 leaves (numbered 1-180, continuous
numbering of map and plateleaves and text pages), including
76 engraved plates (pictorial title; 9 plates that are not
maps per sebut of cartographical interest; 66 maps with
original outline coloring, including: Texas (20 x
26.6 cm; 7-7/8 x 10-1/2 inches; grants hand-colored; scale:
1 inch = 70 miles), with one leaf (2 pp.) of text relating
to Texas. Small folio, original marbled boards neatly
rebacked with modern three-quarter tan levant morocco,
spine with raised bands and gilt-lettering, corners
renewed. Front free endpaper with marginal chipping, mild
to moderate foxing and staining, a very good, complete
copy, including the Texas map and descriptive text (usually
First edition of the first printed atlas to contain a separate map of Texas, first issue of the Bradford atlas to contain the map of Texas (with two pages of text on Texas (pp. 64B & 64C); subsequent issues of the atlas had only one page of text on Texas). The map of Texas in the atlas includes early issue points, such Mustang Wild Horse Desert shown in south Texas, Nueces River designated as southwestern boundary of Texas, land grants shown instead of counties, city of Austin (founded 1839) not shown yet, etc. Martin & Martin 31: "Although Thomas Gamaliel Bradford was not a leading figure in the nineteenth-century American map trade, his atlases are significant to the cartographic history of Texas because they included the first two maps to depict Texas an independent republic. Bradford's first of three works, A Comprehensive Atlas..., has survived in at least four variant forms, all dated 1835, but some clearly published later.... Bradford, aroused by the revolutionary events in Texas that led to conflict, inserted a new map of Texas after the one of Mexico and accompanied it with a two-page text describing Texas as 'at present engaged in an arduous struggle for independence.' The text included a complete geographical description of the province, its rivers and harbors, its colonies and towns, its climate, crops, and natural resources. It also included a brief account of the colonial developments, leading up to the Declaration of Causes that initiated the Texas Revolution in November 1835 [see Item 326 in our Auction 11]. After quoting clauses of this declaration, the account concluded: 'It is needless to enter into the details of what followed, as they are fresh in the minds of all.'
"The map itself appeared to be copied directly from Austin's, the only readily available authority. The depiction of the rivers and the coast were certainly modeled from Austin's, as were the numerous notes on its face relating to Indian tribes and horse herds. The map differed from Austin's primarily in its prominent display of numerous colonization grants and a plethora of new settlements and towns, indicative of the massive influx of colonists occurring after the publication of Austin's work. Another significant departure from Austin was the map's depiction of the Arkansas boundary controversy. The 'Boundary of 1819' was shown, corresponding to the present boundary of the state, but to the west another line, labeled 'prop'd Boundary of Arkansas,' was depicted, which would have assigned the northeast corner of Texas to that state. The map also extended west beyond Austin's to the Pecos, erroneously showing the Guadalupe Mountains to the east of that river....
"Aside from showing Texas as a separate state, the maps and text Bradford inserted into his atlases are historically important for clearly demonstrating the demand in the United States for information about Texas during the Revolution and the early years of the Republic. They also serve to confirm the importance of Austin's map as a source for that information." Phillips, America, p. 841; Atlases 770.
81. [MAP]. [BRADFORD, Thomas Gamaliel]. Mexico,
Guatemala, and the West Indies. [Boston & New York,
1835]. Engraved map, original outline coloring. 19.4 x 25.1
cm (7-5/8 x 9-7/9 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately
400 miles. A few minor marginal tears and stains.
Texas is shown as part of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas, with Austin's Colony prominently located. This map is from one of Bradford's atlases, and is almost identical to the map of Mexico, Guatemala, and the West Indies that appears in Item 80 above, except that the Plate No. 65 is not present.
82. [MAP]. [BRADFORD, Thomas Gamaliel].
Texas. [Boston & New York, 1835]. Engraved map,
original outline coloring. 19.8 x 26.1 cm (7-7/8 x 10-1/4
inches). Scale: 1 inch = 75 miles. Mild to moderate foxing.
Accompanied by pp. 64B and 64C with text on Texas.
First issue of the first separate map of Texas to appear in an atlas, with early issue points, including Mustang Wild Horse Desert shown in south Texas; Nueces River shown as southwestern boundary; land grants shown instead of counties; Austin (founded 1839) not shown; etc. This map is from A Comprehensive Atlas, Geographical, Historical & Commercial (see Item 80 above). Martin & Martin 31. Phillips, Atlases 770.
83. [GOVERNMENT DOCUMENT]. FEATHERSTONHAUGH, G. W.
Geological Report of an Examination Made in 1834, of the
Elevated Country between the Missouri and Red Rivers.
Washington: Gales and Seaton, 1835. 97 pp., folding
engraved untitled geographical profile map from New Jersey
to Texas, original hand-coloring (20.3 x 304.8 cm; 8 x 120
inches; scale: 4-1/2 inches = approximately 1 degree of
latitude). 8vo, original brown muslin (neatly rebacked,
remnants of original cloth laid down). Occasional light
foxing, overall very good, the profile in perfect
condition, fresh original color. Armorial bookplate of P.
First edition. Drake, p. 318: "Resided many years in the West, which he extensively explored." Muller 585. Sabin 23961. Featherstonhaugh, a geologist for the U.S. Topographical Engineers, traveled 4,600 miles during his reconnaissance to inspect the mineral and geological character of the Ozark Mountain region. The extraordinary geographical profile shows an area from the Atlantic to Texas. Donated to the Texas State Historical Association by Shirley and Clifton Caldwell.
EXCEEDINGLY RARE OVERSIZE TEXAS BROADSIDE ISSUED ON THE EVE OF THE REVOLUTION WITH THE WOODMAN MAP
84. [BROADSIDE]. [GALVESTON BAY & TEXAS LAND
COMPANY]. [Double folio broadside printed in three columns,
commencing]: Map of the Colonization Grants in Texas -
Made to the empresarios, (Contractors,) Lorenzo de Zavala,
Joseph Vehlien [sic], and David G. Burnet; and now
under the agency and control of "The Galveston Bay and
Texas Land Company" January 1835... [at end]: Maps
like the above are to be obtained at the office of A. Dey,
63 Cedar-street, New-York; and the purchaser is advised to
paste linen or cotton cloth on the back of it. [New
York, 1835]. [Upper left]: Engraved map, original
hand-coloring of grants in green, pink, and yellow: Map
of the Colonization Grants to Zavala, Vehlein & Burnet
in Texas, Belonging to the Galveston Bay & Texas Land
Co. (23.5 x 30.6 cm; 9-1/8 x 12
inches; scale: 1 inch = 53 miles); inset map at lower
right: Plan of the Port of Galveston Made by Order of
the Mexican Government by Alexander Thompson of the Mexican
Navy in 1828. [Lower right]: S. Stiles & Co.
N.Y. Broadside measures overall 60 x 47.4 cm (23-3/4 x
18-5/8 inches). Professionally mounted on acid-free
Japanese tissue. Map with one narrow void measuring
approximately 1/8 inch tall and 2-3/4 inches long (mostly
confined to the Gulf, loss of two letters in place name
Scotts Point in Galveston Bay); text of broadside with two
voids, one small one at center right (3/16 of an inch tall
at its widest and 6-1/4 inches in length) affecting a few
letters of one line of text; another long thin strip
extending across the three columns and affecting two to
three lines (7/16 inches at its widest and 18-3/8 inches
long). Some minor marginal chipping (minimal losses
affecting only portions of three letters). Mild browning at
old folds. Despite the condition report, a very good copy
of an extreme rarity.
First issue of a most desirable oversize pre-Republic broadside with an exceedingly rare colonization mapa wonderful and highly unusual combination. I do not think it an exaggeration to state that this may be the only opportunity to acquire a copy of this near unique imprint. This broadside was printed to announce the re-opening of Anglo colonization in Texas following the repeal of the prohibitive Law of April 6, 1830, which was "said to be the same type of stimulus to the Texas Revolution that the Stamp Act was to the American Revolution" (The Handbook of Texas Online: Law of April 6, 1830). The law to stem the flood of emigration from the U.S. to Texas seemed reasonable from the Mexican point of view, but the Anglo Texas colonists were outraged. Among the disturbing aspects of this law were the apparent suspension of existing empresario contracts, prohibition of further Anglo colonization, suppression of Anglo commerce, prohibition of slavery, etc.
The text of the broadside is divided into three sections: (1) discussion of the Galveston Bay & Texas Land Company, its purpose, agents, etc.; (2) inducements for persons to immigrate to Texas with instructions and conditions for acquisition of land under terms of the empresario grant, with an added comment that colonists no longer need adopt the Roman Catholic faith; and (3) a brief history of Texas, with a discussion of its geography, climate, and repeal of the infamous Law of April 6, 1830, with reassurances that colonists will not be subject to the whims of Mexico, wherein it is stated: All is now quiet throughout the republic. Texas is never affected by the political changes and commotions in Mexico. The agitated wave is calmed before it reaches the shore so distant from the places where the storms arise. The disturbances which took place two years ago, from outrages committed by the military, have all subsided and quiet long since restored. At present, there is not a Mexican soldier in Texas, and it is more probable that none will ever be seen there; certainly not beyond what may be necessary to protect the revenue. Obviously, the text could only have been written by a land promoter in New York, for unfolding events in Texas would soon prove other than these rosy predictions.
Streeter 1164 (locating only his own copy, now at Yale; only one copy of the second issue was located by Streeter, that at the New York Public Library): "This prospectus and the company's less important Emigrant's Guide, published late in 1834, mark the renewal of its activities to settle its grant after the prohibition in the law of April 6, 1830, against colonists from the United States, had been repealed, effective May, 1834." The handsome map on the broadside also appeared in Woodman's Guide to Texas Emigrants (see Streeter 1177 and Item 85 herein). We sold a copy of the Woodman guide at our Auction 8 in 1999 for $36,800.
WOODMAN GUIDE WITH THE MAP
85. [BOOK]. WOODMAN, David. Guide to Texas
Emigrants. Boston: M. Hawes, 1835. vi -192 pp.,
copper-engraved plate (The
Buffalo Hunt, from a painting by A. Fisher,
engraved by W. E. Tucker), folding engraved map on
onionskin paper with grants colored in green, pink, and
yellow: Map of the Colonization Grants to Zavala,
Vehlein & Burnet in Texas, Belonging to the Galveston
Bay & Texas Land Co. (23.5 x 30.1 cm;
9-1/8 x 11-7/8 inches; scale: 1 inch = 53 miles); inset map
at lower right: Plan of the Port of Galveston Made by
Order of the Mexican Government by Alexander Thompson of
the Mexican Navy in 1828. [Lower right]: S. Stiles
& Co. N.Y. 12mo, original teal cloth, spine
gilt-lettered Texas Guide. Binding lightly faded and
stained, spine slightly dark and with a bit of chipping,
hinges neatly strengthened, slight discoloration to
binding, a few old ink stains on title and map verso,
intermittent mild foxing to text; map with some light
offsetting (most noticeable in blank margins), mild
age-toning, and a few small spots, one short split at map
fold neatly mended. A very good copy, in original binding
and with the rare map, of one of the most elusive Texas
First edition. Fifty Texas Rarities 12. Graff 3747. Howes W647. Phillips, Sporting Books, p. 413. Raines, p. 222. Streeter 1177: "Woodman seems to have been an agent or employee in Boston of the Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company. In that Company's Map of the Colonization Grants in Texas.... this book is referred to as 'now publishing' and people are referred to Woodman for copies of the map and information about the company. An introduction is followed by a section with caption title, Guide to Emigrants...followed by an article headed Empresario Grants, and then by various letters and extracts from the newspapers relating to Texas and the Galveston Bay Company." Vandale 197. Alvan Fisher (1792-1863), the artist who created the handsome engraved plate, appears to have drawn inspiration from Titian Peale's American Buffaloe (1832). William E. Tucker (1801-1857), who engraved the plate, worked in Philadelphia between 1823 and 1845 ("He was an excellent engraver in line and stipple," Fielding). The excellent little map that appears in this rare guide is also found on a large broadside of the Galveston Bay & Texas Land Company (see Item 84 preceding).
86. [MAP]. [BRADFORD, Thomas Gamaliel]. United
States. [Boston, 1836]. Engraved map, original outline
coloring. 19.4 x 25.1 cm (7-5/8 x 9-7/8 inches). Scale: 1
inch = approximately 300 miles. A few minor stains.
The map is engraved identically as in the 1835 issue (see Item 80 above, citing the Bradford atlas where this map appeared as Plate No. 60), but the hand-colored outline has been changed now to show Texas as independent of Mexico, separated by a yellow border.
87. [BOOK]. EDWARD, David. The History of
Texas; or, the Emigrant's, Farmer's, and Politician's Guide
to the Character, Climate, Soil and Productions of that
Country: Geographically Arranged from Personal Observation
and Experience. Cincinnati: J. A. James & Co.,
1836. 336 pp., folding engraved map of the Republic of
Texas on onionskin paper, grants with original
hand-coloring in outline: Map of Texas Containing the
Latest Grants and Discoveries by E. F. Lee (31.5 x 21.7
cm; 12-5/16 x 8-1/2 inches; scale: 1 inch = 70 miles, title
with ornate lettering, text at lower left). 12mo, original
blue floral cloth, printed yellow paper spine label.
Binding lightly stained and with moderate outer wear, spine
label rubbed and slightly chipped, joints chafed and with
short split at top of spine (but strong), two gatherings of
text slightly loose, occasional mild foxing. Despite the
condition report, much nicer than usually found, and the
handsome colonization map is in superb condition, with very
bright coloring. Pencil ownership inscription of Lewis C.
Beck, dated June 1836.
First edition. Basic Texas Books 53: "One of the best accounts of Texas on the eve of the Revolution.... The book attempts to be unprejudiced, but the author was clearly anti-Texan at heart." Clark, Old South III:35: "Like Mrs. Holley's Texas, this work was extensively used as a basis for many other books on that state written in the 1830s and 1840s." Graff 1208. Howes E48: "Conditions just prior to the Revolution described by an actual observer." Rader 1279. Raines, p. 74. Streeter 1199: "One of the essential Texas books. It gives a good account of the physical features and towns and products of Texas of 1835." Edward reprints many scarce Texas laws and decrees. The excellent little map is based on the Austin-Tanner conformation (Day, Maps of Texas, p. 24).
88. [MAP]. FINDLAY, Alex[ande]r. United
States. London: Thomas Kelly, . Engraved map,
modern full and outline color. 19.4 x 24.7 cm (7-3/8 x
9-3/4 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 180 miles.
Inset map at lower right: Continuation of Florida.
On this little English map is found the eastern half of Texas, shown as independent. The map dates from after 1821, because Missouri is shown as a state rather than a territory.
89. [BOOK]. HOLLEY, Mary Austin. Texas.
by Mrs. Mary Austin Holley. Lexington: J. Clarke &
Co., 1836. viii, 410 pp., folding engraved map of Texas on
onionskin paper, original hand-colored outline and shading:
Map of the State of Coahuila and Texas. W. Hooker
Sculpt. (26.8 x 34 cm; 10-9/16 x
13-3/8 inches; scale: 1 inch = 90 miles). 16mo, original
tan muslin, printed paper spine label. Binding moderately
worn and discolored, spine label chipped, cloth on upper
joint split (but joint tight), mild to moderate foxing, map
with a few short, clean splits at folds and old tape repair
where map is joined to book block (not visible on face of
map). The rare Hooker map is clean, crisp, and vividly
colored. Preserved in half green calf and cloth slipcase
and chemise. Gift bookplate dated 1838 from G. M. Bryan to
Nu Pi Kappa Society at Kenyon College in Ohio. Guy M. Bryan
(1821-1901) was the nephew of Stephen F. Austin (see The
Handbook of Texas Online: Guy Morrison Bryan).
Huntington Library deaccession stamp on rear pastedown.
Although the 1833 Holley commands a higher price, Holley's
1836 book is more rare in commerce.
First edition. Basic Texas Books 94: "An entirely different book from Mrs. Holley's 1833 volume, this contains a great deal more information on Texas history, geography, and society." Fifty Texas Rarities 15. Howes H593. Streeter 1207. Vandale 88. Streeter preferred Holley's 1833 book, but Jenkins considered her 1836 book more important and influential, commenting (Basic Texas Books 94): "In addition to the San Jacinto reports, it includes the first book printing of the Texas Declaration of Independence, of the Republic of Texas Constitution, of Travis' famous letter from the Alamo, of Austin's Louisville Address of 1836, and other key documents of the revolution. It includes the full text of the Mexican Constitution of 1824 and translations of the colonization laws, as well as chapters on money and banking, the mails, trade, natural history, society and manners, religion and Indians. It includes the best physical description of Texas up to that time, and a clear and concise analysis of the colonization and land grant system and of Austin's colonization activities." Both of Holley's books are great, and any serious collector of Texas and the West will aspire to both.
The Hooker map was published several times, with revisions to reflect the changing face of Texas. In Holley's 1833 book, the map is uncolored, whereas the map in this edition is quite striking with grants colored. Some additions on the 1836 map are: Droves of Wild Cattle & Horses, Herds of Buffalo, Cross Timbers; new towns and settlements include Laredo, Columbia, Bell's Lang., New Washington, C[ape] Bolivar, Cole's Set., Dr. Cox's Pte., Bastrop, Gonzales; new grants are located for Powers, De Leon, Beale and Grant, McMullen & McGloin's, John Cameron, Padilla and Chambers, Beales and Rayuellas (correctly spelled, unlike Rayuelas as in Streeter 1136); Choctaw, Creek, and Cherokee tribes are located in Arkansas Territory and Comanches are in West Texas. Other changes that appear in manuscript on the map in the 1836 book are: Milam and added before Wavel's Grant; Copano struck out and replaced with Corpus Christi; Augustin is written in at the north boundary of Zavala's Grant; Thorn's Grant has added now Filisola (latter appears to be stamped rather than written or printed). These same non-printed notations are found on the map in the facsimile reprint published by TSHA in 1985. For other issues of the Hooker map, see Items 74 and 78 herein.
90. [MANUSCRIPT LEDGER WITH MAPS: HOUSTON &
HARRIS COUNTY, TEXAS]. KENNEDY, John. Manuscript ledger
containing financial and real estate dealings, (including
maps, deeds, contracts, notarizations, filing notes, etc.),
many of which relate to John Kennedy. Written or filed
mostly in Houston and Harris County, Texas, December 5,
1836, to June 11, 1892. Over 200 pages (small folio,
original black roan over dark brown cloth), including the
following four manuscript maps: (1) Comanche County
(29.3 x 42.6 cm; 11-3/4 x 16-3/4 inches; colored
boundaries); (2) Untitled map in text illustrating field
notes for 600 acres of land in Harris County west of Greens
Bayou, 1856 (8 x 11.5 cm; 3-1/4 x 4-1/2 inches); (3)
Untitled map of lots in Harris County (15.8 x 15 cm; 6-1/4
x 6 inches); (4) John Kennedy's Map of Land
(Yellow), drawn by John Torry for the General Land
Office, 1878, with inset maps showing plots of land in Bee,
Bexar, Harris, Bell, Burnet, Comanche, and Coryell
Counties, on cartographic cotton, black and red inks (28.2
x 48 cm; 11-1/8 x 18-1/2 inches). Notarized affidavits in
the ledger indicate that the documents are fair copies from
originals. Some staining, browning, and wear, generally
very good, the maps very attractive.
The manuscript maps listed above are one of the outstanding features of this manuscript which needs further research. The ledger documents the wheeling and dealing of John Kennedy and records transitions of such early and notable Texans as the Allen brothers (founders of Houston), the Borden brothers, James Morgan, F. R. Lubbock, Thomas M. Bagby, Thomas G. Western, and many others.
Kennedy, a resident of Harris County, owned property in Erath, Burnett, Bexar, Montgomery, Commanche, Coryelle, Bell, and Live Oak Counties as well as lots in Houston (some on Buffalo Bayou). The ledger contains records of the purchasing and selling of properties, with locations, names of buyers and sellers, lot numbers, dates, prices, etc. Houston lots are numbered "according to the plan of the City made by G. & T. H. Borden." Besides the many real estate records, this ledger includes three records relating to the purchase of a "Negro Woman of brown Complexion about Eighteen years old, named Caroline but usually called Betty and also her child a girl about two and a half months old" in South Carolina from James B. Griffin, for the sum of $1,400.
EARLY MENTION OF JEDEDIAH SMITH ON A MAP
91. [MAP]. TANNER, H. S. North America.
Philadelphia, 1836. Engraved map, original full color, pink
and green shaded border. 37.2 x 30 cm (14-5/8 x 11 3/4
inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 350 miles.
Decorative border. Paper friable, with some light chipping
to blank margins.
This map is important for early mention of Jedediah Smith (1799-1831), the noted mountain man whose "contributions to geographical knowledge of the West and his pioneering expeditions were of great value." Phillips, Atlases 774. Wheat, Transmississippi West 422: "There is some question whether Tanner or Gallatin should be accorded the palm for being the first to make Jedediah Smith known to his countrymen. This Tanner map was republished at least to 1845, but since the Tanner 'Mexico' of 1834 retained the earlier forms and since no map of this type with date earlier than 1836 has been discovered, Gallatin and Tanner must both be given the prize"; II, pp. 152-55: "Tanner's map is puzzling because we cannot be certain of its source.... [It] is worthy of honor, and through [Gallatin's and Tanner's] maps the basic information of the great explorer became available. There is one further enigma. Tanner later made many influential maps of Mexico which do not appear to have been influenced in the slightest by his receipt of the Smith material. Perhaps it was simply too much trouble to alter the plate!" This map appeared as Plate No. 2 in Tanner's A New Universal Atlas (Philadelphia, 1836).
1836 YOUNG-MITCHELL MAP OF TEXAS
92. [MAP]. YOUNG, J[ames] H[amilton]. A New Map
of Texas with the Contiguous American and Mexican
States. Philadelphia: Augustus Mitchell, 1836. Engraved
map, original full color. 30 x 36.7 cm (11-3/4 x 14-1/2
inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 73 miles. Title
ornately lettered. Handsome decorative line border. Text
insets: Remarks on Texas; Rivers of Texas;
Land Grants. A few small stains and light offsetting
and small repairs, two tiny chips affecting only the border
at top. Generally a fine, desirable copy, with fresh, vivid
Second issue of one of the most colorful maps of Texas ever published (the map first came out in 1835, on the eve of the Texas Revolution; the 1836 issue is highly desirable for having been published the year of independence). Streeter 1178A (one of the few maps singled out by Streeter for inclusion in his bibliography of Texas). The influx of Anglo-American colonists into Texas in the 1830s stimulated demand for maps of the region. Intense interest in events west of the Sabine prompted publisher S. Augustus Mitchell to publish eight versions of this map between 1835 and 1845. Following the appearance in 1830 of Stephen F. Austin's landmark map, the commercial publishers of New York and Philadelphia began to issue maps to meet public demand. Among the earliest and most important of these maps was the Mitchell-Young map. The various issues document the cartographical sequence of the Republic of Texas.
In the present issue, Texas is shown divided into the various empresario grants under the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas, and is smaller than the area claimed by Texas after independence. The southern boundary is shown at the Nueces River. All territory north of the Red River is attached to Santa Fe formerly New Mexico. Generally, the map follows the conformation of the Burr map of 1833, only here the Louisiana-Texas boundary is shown correctly.
The lengthy inset texts are an important, colorful feature of the map, giving contemporary information concerning Texas (how to obtain land, reference to the burgeoning Anglo-American population, the political movement for a Texas government separate from Coahuila, glowing report on the resources of Texas, including: "Texas is one of the finest stock countries in the world. Cattle are raised in great abundance and with but little trouble." The guarantee is given that: "New settlers are exempt from the payment of the usual taxes for the term of 10 years." Other texts discuss the probability of navigating by steam the Texas waterways and boasting that the Brazos River is considered equal in fertility to any in the world. Prospective settlers were further encouraged by the "advantages which doubtless will at no distant period render [Texas] an opulent and powerful State."
The relationship between Mitchell and Young serendipitously gave us some of the truly outstanding maps of America and the West, this map being one of them. The cartographic labors of Young and Mitchell resulted in maps that have been compared to the work of John Arrowsmith the younger, distinguished English mapmaker, and the pair came on the scene at a great moment in national expansion, following the expeditions of Lewis and Clark, Pike, and others, which stimulated an interest in the newer parts of the country and created a strong market for maps, atlases, and guidebooks. See DAB (Mitchell).
UNRECORDED 1838 MAP OF COLORADO
PROPOSED NEW CAPITAL OF TEXAS
93. [MAP]. ANONYMOUS. Map of Colorado City on
the West bank of the Colorado River at the La Bahia
Crossing Fayette County, Texas. [Philadelphia, 1838?].
Lithographed map with ornate flourishing title with eight
types of lettering. 50 x 67.4 cm (19-5/8 x 26-1/2 inches).
Scale not stated. Above neat line at lower center: P. S.
Duval Lith. No. 7 Bank Alley Phila. List of proprietors
at upper left. Professionally deacidified and restored.
Some infilling of lower margin, affecting only a bit of
lower border, for which expert pen facsimile is provided.
(The illustration of this map in this catalogue was made
before restoration. The map has now been professionally
restored and has a much better appearance.)
Unrecorded by Streeter, Peters (America on Stone), or any other bibliographers. This map was created when Colorado City was being boosted as the new capital of Texas. The Handbook of Texas Online (Colorado City): "Colorado City, on the west bank of the Colorado River directly opposite La Grange in central Fayette County, never progressed beyond the plat stage. The town was designed in the late 1830s by John W. S. Dancy and associate promoters to rival the promotion of La Grange by John H. Moore. Elaborate plans called for the development of 5,000 acres with 156 blocks of residential and commercial property. The proposed city was unanimously selected by the Congress as the capital of the Republic of Texas, but President Sam Houston vetoed the proposal because he wanted the capital to remain in Houston. When Mirabeau B. Lamar succeeded Houston, he selected the site of what is now Austin as the capital, and the plan for Colorado City languished. One of the frequent floods along the Colorado River made the plan unfeasible, and most of the area was later included in the decentralized community of Bluff."
Some of the features on this large-scale town plan map of a town that never was include the Colorado River, numerous trees, two large landscaped town squares, lots for four churches and parsonages, steam sawmill, boat and lumber yard, cotton press, public warehouse, lands reserved for proprietors and others, etc. At the left margin is a greatly reduced-scale map showing Colorado City's position in the surrounding countryside.
This map, which is apparently the only copy to survive, was created by one of the most important and interesting lithographers of the United States. Peter S. Duval (active 1831-1893), a native of France, was brought to Philadelphia by the firm of Chiles & Inman, and in their employ he was surrounded by some of the best lithographers in the United States. Duval was a pioneer in color printing, applying for a patent on his method of chromolithography in 1841. Peters (America on Stone, p. 163) comments on Duval: "The careers of the early lithographers and their firms are nearly all confusing, and in the case of P. S. Duval, one of the most important of them all, the tangle seems almost hopeless."
94. [ATLAS TITLE & LEAVES]. BRADFORD, T[homas]
G[amaliel]. Engraved hand-colored pictorial title and text
leaves for An Illustrated Atlas, Geographical,
Statistical, and Historical, of the United States and the
Adjacent Countries. Boston: Weeks, Jordan, . 4
leaves [printed title page, engraved title page, pp. 163-66
(text leaves to accompany the map of Texas)]. Folio. Some
foxing and dampstaining.
Hopefully, these leaves can be married with a collector's or institution's copy of Bradford's large Texas map of 1838. The pictorial title engraved by Jas. Archer exuberantly portrays American icons, including buffalo, grizzly bear, alligator, turkey, rattlesnake, garter snake, possums, iguana, Niagara Falls, the original capital at Washington, medallion portraits of George and Martha Washington, Native American artifacts, military paraphernalia, and plants (corn, magnolia, etc.). The printed text on Texas discusses boundaries ("as yet unsettled on the Mexican side"), features, natural history, climate, rivers, crops, population, towns, government, history, etc.
95. [MAP]. BRADFORD, T[homas] G[amaliel]. North
America. [Boston], 1838. Engraved map, original full
color. 37 x 28.9 cm (14-1/2 x 11-3/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch
= approximately 400 miles. Lower right: Engraved by G.
W. Boynton. Left blank margin slightly rough, where
removed. Excellent color.
Phillips, America, p. 602; Atlases 783. Wheat, Transmississippi West 431: "Smith's Peak and the Sandy Desert, also Lost River, bear evidence of Jedediah Smith"; & II p. 165. The map was included in Bradford & Goodrich, A Universal Illustrated Atlas (1843). The map shows Texas as a republic, in its small early Republic configuration, with its western border at the Nueces and Puerco [Pecos] Rivers.
FOUR ISSUES OF BRADFORD'S LARGE-FORMAT TEXAS MAP
96. [MAP]. BRADFORD, T[homas] G[amaliel].
Texas. [Boston], 1838. Engraved map (by G. W.
Boynton), original full color (green, blue, pink, and
yellow), borders shaded green. 36.3 x 28.4 cm (14-1/4 x
11-1/4 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 45 miles.
With the map is included text pp. 163-66, with the article
on the Republic of Texas. Dime-size hole at blank upper
margin, otherwise fine, on good, strong paper. Beautiful
First large format issue of Bradford's map of Texas. There are at least six different versions of the Bradford map; all of them are from the atlases that Bradford published between 1835 and 1840. The earliest of the Texas maps came out in Bradford's 1835 atlassmall-format and with outline coloring (see Item 80 herein). In 1838, Bradford revised his atlas to a larger format. He made the map of Texas larger and updated it to reflect new knowledge. This map and the next three large-format Bradford Texas maps have variations that occur in engraving; there are also differences in coloring, such as full color vs. outline color. The present copy shows only land grants; the city of Austin is not yet included; and the Nueces River is the southwestern border. In the next version (see Items 98 & 99 below) county lines are superimposed over the land grants, new towns are presented (including Austin, established in 1839), and the Rio Grande is the southern border.
Bradford was the first maker of atlases to include a separate map for Texas (see Item 80 herein). Martin & Martin 31: "Bradford published a completely new atlas in 1838, in a larger format, and the map of Texas it contained was even more clearly patterned on Austin's. Aside from showing Texas as a separate country, the map and text Bradford inserted into his atlas is historically important for clearly demonstrating the demand in the United States for information about Texas during the Revolution and the early years of the Republic. It also serves to confirm the importance of Austin's map as source for that information."
97. [MAP]. BRADFORD, T[homas] G[amaliel].
Texas. [Boston], 1838. Engraved map (by G. W.
Boyton), original outline coloring in blue, borders shaded
blue. 35.2 x 28.4 cm (13-7/8 x 11-1/4 inches). Minor stain
at lower left and slight chipping to lower edge, otherwise
This is an intermediate version of Bradford's large-format Texas map, from the same plate as the previous map (Item 96 above), but with the outline coloring advancing the Texas border to the Rio Grande.
98. [MAP]. BRADFORD, T[homas] G[amaliel].
Texas. [Boston], 1838. Engraved map (by G. W.
Boyton), original full coloring (pink, yellow, orange,
blue, green), borders shaded pink. 36.3 x 28.4 cm (14-1/4 x
11-1/4 inches). Some minor tears and stains on blank
margin, otherwise fine, beautifully colored in bright
The present map is another version of Bradford's large-format Texas map, with the plate altered to show the features that reflect advancing developments in Texas, i.e., county lines superimposed over land grants, new towns (including Austin, established in 1839), and the Rio Grande as the southern border.
99. [MAP]. BRADFORD, T[homas] G[amaliel].
Texas. [Boston], 1838. Engraved map (by G. W.
Boyton), original full coloring (pink, maize, olive green,
and blue), borders shaded pale yellow-green. 36.3 x 28.4 cm
(14-1/4 x 11-1/4 inches). Overall light age-toning,
generally fine. Matted.
The large-format Bradford Texas map is the same as Item 98 preceding. However, the coloring is different in the present copy.
100. [GOVERNMENT DOCUMENT]. UNITED STATES. WAR
DEPARTMENT. ...Obstructions in Sabine River. Letter from
the Secretary of War, Transmitting a Report Respecting the
Removal of Obstructions to the Navigation of the Sabine
River.... [Washington]: HRD365, 1838. 3 pp.,
lithographed map: EATON, J. H. Sketch of the Sabine
River Lake and Pass from Camp Sabine to the Gulf....
(21.2 x 87.5 cm; 8-3/8 x 34-1/2 inches; scale: 1 inch = 4
miles; with 2 inset maps: (1) Sketches of the Channel
through the Pass; and (2) Scetch [sic] of the
Passage through the Raft. Creased where formerly
First edition. Claussen & Friis 243. Streeter 1337. The survey was made in preparation for removal of obstructions from the Sabine River in order to facilitate navigation. "In the early days of the republic the Sabine furnished transportation facilities for lumber and cotton from Southeast Texas. Great logs cut from the pine forest were lashed together to make rafts, which were then floated downstream. Although more difficult to manipulate, flatboats loaded with cotton and other products were also transported. Once the boats reached Sabine Bay, their cargoes were loaded on larger ships for transport to New Orleans, Galveston, and other ports. The booming river trade on the Sabine and Neches contributed to the rise of Port Arthur and Orange. The first steamships began to ply the river in the late 1840s" (The Handbook of Texas Online: Sabine River).
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