101. [MAP]. GELLATLY, J. (engraver). United
States. Edinburgh: W. & R. Chambers, [1838?].
Engraved map, original outline coloring, Texas in pink
wash, borders shaded yellow. 20.5 x 25.7 cm (8-1/8 x 10-1/8
inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 210 miles.
29. at lower right. Fine.
The source and date on this map are unknown, and the attribution above is from pencil notes on the verso of the map. According to Tooley (Dictionary of Mapmakers), J. Gellatly (engraver, draughtsman, and publisher) was active in the 1840s and 1850s. William and Robert Chambers (atlas publishers) were active between 1845 and 1895, their first listed atlas being 1845. Texas is shown as independent, but not part of the U.S., although the designation Western Territory for U.S. possessions in the west cuts a wide swath across an exaggerated Texas Panhandle. The presence of Austin (established 1829) and Virginia Point (established ca. 1840) would suggest a date in the 1840s.
102. [GOVERNMENT DOCUMENT]. MEXICO (Republic).
LEGACIÓN (United States). Gorostiza Pamphlet.
Message from the President of the United States,
Transmitting a Copy and Translation of a Pamphlet, in the
Spanish Language, Printed and Circulated by the Late
Minister from Mexico before His Departure from the United
States &c. Washington: HRED190, 1838. 120 pp.,
engraved map: Sketch of a Part of the Boundary between
Mexico & the United States, as Far as the Red River
(approximate sheet size [no neat line]): 13.1 x 22.3 cm
(5-1/4 x 8-7/8 inches),scale not indicated. 8vo, new
terracotta cloth, black gilt-lettered leather label. Very
First edition in English (the first edition, a Spanish-language edition, was published in Philadelphia in 1836 and contained the same map as the present edition; another edition appeared in Mexico in 1837, but without the map; a French translation, with map, was published in Paris in 1837). Howes G6, citing only the Spanish and French editions and stating of the map: "Earliest [map] of the Republic of Texas." Raines, p. 95 (also unaware of this English-language edition). Streeter 1220C. The map is a decidedly sparse rendering, focusing on the eastern boundary of Texas and the Gulf of Mexico only as far west as the Neches River. However, if as Howes states this map is the earliest of the Republic, then its importance is immense. This bilingual edition contains correspondence relative to General Gaines' military occupation of northeast Texas from the Sabine to Nacogdoches for the announced purpose of checking Indian depredations. It appears, however, that Gaines acted more at the request of Stephen F. Austin than U.S. authorities as he remained at Nacogdoches while the new Texas government became organized. This affair led to Mexico breaking diplomatic relations with the U.S. until 1839.
103. [BOOK]. NEWELL, C[hester]. History of the
Revolution in Texas, Particularly of the War of 1835 &
'36; Together with the Latest Geographical, Topographical,
and Statistical Accounts of the Country from the Most
Authentic Sources.... New York: Wiley & Putnam,
1838. x [2, blank] 215 pp., lithographic folding map on
very thin tissue paper: Texas 1838 (19 x 31 cm;
7-1/2 x 12-1/4 inches; scale: 1 inch = 75 miles; title with
ornate lettering). 8vo, full tan morocco, spine with red
and black leather gilt-lettered labels, raised bands. Three
small rectangular sections cut from title (around author's
nameno loss of text) with resulting voids filled by means
of paper mounted on title verso (this repair should be
improved), title with some staining, small abrasion on
dedication leaf; the excellent map, which is frequently
lacking, is very fine, with no splits or tears.
First edition, with the dedication leaf appearing on page [iii] and the map dated 1838 (points Streeter recognizes without establishing priority of issue). Basic Texas Books 151A: "The work begins with an excellent summary of Mexican history from 1821 to 1835, followed by a sketch of Texas history from 1832 to 1835, ending with Cos' retreat from San Antonio. The events of 1836 are described, including quotations from participating Texans and from Mexican accounts, such as Almonte's diary. Of particular value are the account of Santa Anna's capture [and his] confrontation with Houston shortly afterwards. Newell was one of the first to seduce Sam Houston into giving particulars of the campaign." Clark, Old South III:215: "Useful, divided almost equally between history and description. This is one of the best, as well as one of the earliest, works published about Texas while it was a republic." Graff 3010. Howes N115. Rader 2479. Raines, p. 154: "One of the rare and reliable books on Texas." Streeter 1318. See New Handbook of Texas IV:991.
104. [BOOK]. NILES, J. M. & L. T. Pease.
History of South America and Mexico...to Which is
Annexed a Geographical and Historical View of Texas, with a
Detailed Account of the Texas Revolution and War by Hon. L.
T. Pease. Hartford: H. Huntington, 1838. 370; 230 pp.,
engraved frontispiece plate and title (battle scenes at San
Jacinto and the Alamo), 2 engraved portraits (Santa Anna
and Sam Houston), 2 folding engraved maps: (1) Mexico
& Texas [no imprint or date] (engraved map with
original full color; 32.4 x 34.6 cm; 12-7/8 x 13-5/8
inches; scale not stated); (2) South America
(engraved map with original full color; 55.1 x 43.3; 21-3/4
x 17 inches; scale not stated). 2 vols. in one, thick 12mo,
original sheep, black gilt-lettered spine label. Binding
worn and scuffed, hinges cracked, Texas map with a few
early, short reinforcements (no losses), a few minor losses
at Colombia (the missing pieces appear to be present),
occasional mild foxing. The Texas map is generally very
good to fine, with strong original color. Ink stamp of the
Ramada-Tejas Club on front pastedown.
Best edition (first to include the account of Texas written by Gov. E. M. Pease's father from on-the-spot reports of the Texas Revolution; the first edition, published in 1825, was a much smaller work, covering only the revolutions in Latin America, with no Texas content). Hill, p. 212. Howes N156. Raines, p. 163.
Streeter 1285: "This is an excellent contemporary account of the Texas Revolution and its beginnings [with] reprintings of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, Burleson's report on the taking of Bexar in December, 1835, the Travis letter of February 24, 1836, and several other reports and documents. One of these is a reprinting (pp. 329-335), which I do not recollect having seen elsewhere, of the report of Benjamin H. Holland, Captain of the 2d Company of Artillery, on the Fannin Massacre.... The value of this contemporary account...compiled by the father of one of the participants, has been overlooked." The book is scarce, especially with the Texas map, which shows all of present-day Texas in bold pink hand-coloring. The map extends to 38° North. This first issue of the map does not yet locate Houston, Lynchburg, Liberty, San Augustine, Rio Grande City, and Teran, which are present in later issues.
105. [MAP]. BURGESS, Daniel. Map of the United
States and Texas, Designed to Accompany Smith's Geography
for Schools. [Hartford or Philadelphia?]: Stiles,
Sherman, & Smith, 1839. Engraved map (by Stiles,
Sherman & Smith), original full color. 26.7 x 44.9 cm
(10-3/8 x 17-3/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 200
miles. Inset map at lower left: Map of Mexico and
Guatemala, semi-trapezoidal shape measuring
approximately 16.6 x 15.1 cm (6-1/2 x 6 inches), scale: 1
inch = 500 miles. Illustrations of steam boats, ships, and
sloops to indicate navigational routes, symbols for
railroads and canals, state capitals shown by stars. Upper
right: IV. Reinforced on verso at center fold, a few
old repairs and some wear and light staining.
The source of the map is one of R. C. Smith's school geographies. See Phillips, Atlases 319-322. An independent Texas stands out in tan coloring at the center, with the exaggerated Panhandle, a western boundary that conveniently swoops up Santa Fe, Albuquerque, and Spanish Peaks. A printed note on Texas states that the population is 200,000, and among the cities located are Austin and Houston. A designation of Great American Desert sweeps across Indian Territory and the Panhandle. This is a good map for the Transmississippi West, too, showing Oregon Territory, Mandan District, and Indian Territory. The inset map at left is more than Mexico and Guatemala: Upper and Lower California are delineated, Salt Lake is located, the Southwest is labeled Great Sandy Plain, and Texas is shown.
106. [MAP]. MITCHELL, S. Augustus.
No. 3. Map of North America Engraved
to Illustrate Mitchell's School and Family Geography.
[Hartford or Philadelphia?], 1839. Engraved map (by J.
H. Young), original full coloring. 26.7 x 20.2 cm (10-1/2 x
8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 550 miles. Symbols
for capitals, population, length of rivers, missionary
stations, and Native American regions. Slightly browned and
one old repair.
The period for Mitchell's atlases of this type is from about 1844 to 1871. We cannot say with certainty which atlas this map comes from, and the map does not fit correctly with the various entries by Phillips. Many entries of this type of atlas in OCLC bear the date 1839. Texas is shown in its smaller early Republic configuration, with Houston and Austin located. In the West is the Great Sandy Desert, Alaska is called Russian America, and the area above Albuquerque is labeled Great American Desert.
107. [MAP]. MITCHELL, S. Augustus. Map of the
United States and Texas Engraved to Illustrate Mitchell's
School and Family Geography. [Hartford or
Philadelphia?], 1839. Engraved map (by W. Williams) with
original full color. 26.7 x 42.2 cm (10-5/8 x 16-5/8
inches). 1 inch = approximately 250 miles. Inset map at
lower left: Map of Mexico and Guatimala,
trapezoidal, measuring approximately 17.4 x 15 cm
(6-7/8 x 6 inches). Symbols for capitals, railroads,
canals, population, length of rivers, steam and sloop
navigation, and tribal regions. Creased with minor splits
where formerly folded into atlas, some light soiling and
wear along blank margins.
Texas, with an extended Panhandle, is outlined in green and has designations for Herds of Buffaloes and Wild Horses, Extensive Prairies, Cross Timbers, San Jacinto 1836 (with flag), Austin and Houston, tribes (Comanches, Kiowas, Pawnees), and Great American Desert extending into North Texas. Other designations of note in the Transmississippi West are Oregon Territory, Missouri Territory, Iowa Territory, and Indian Territory. The inset is similar to that found in Item 105 above, with a few differences, such as the Sierras being named Snowy Mountains here. Day, Maps of Texas 132. Not in Phillips (Atlases), though, as in the preceding entry, many atlases of this type are recorded from the 1840s to around 1870. The date attribution we give is based solely on the copyright information printed on the map.
108. [MAP]. ANONYMOUS. América
Setentrional. N.p., n.d. [1840s?]. Engraved map. 38 x
28.4 cm (14-7/8 x 11-1/4 inches). Scale: 1 inch = 420
miles. Inset map at lower left: Suplemento de la Parte
Norueste. Mild to moderate browning, minor tears at
margins. Under glass, matted, and framed.
An Italian language map that is difficult to trace. The inset map shows part of Russian America, the Aleutian Islands, and the Bering Sea. Texas is not shown as independent, and it is called Tejas.
109. [MAP]. ARCHER, Joshua. Mexico &
Texas. London: H. G. Collins, [1840s?]. Engraved map,
original outline coloring and shading. 22.7 x 28.2 cm (9 x
11-1/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = 200 miles. Compass rose
with the Western Hemisphere as a medallion. Fine.
Texas is shown as an independent Republic, outlined and colored in green, with a wide, high-reaching Panhandle that co-opts most of New Mexico, including Santa Fe, Taos, Spanish Peaks. In fact, the wide Panhandle region is prominently labeled Santa Fe. New Mexico is reduced to a shriveled, elongated oval, which does however include El Paso. Among the many place names in Texas, we find Austin, Houston, Parker's Fort, Swartwout, Iguana, Refugio, Franklin, etc. Upper or New California is still pastoral, with no hint of the Gold Rush to come, and most of the area between Texas and California is undefined, except for locating various Native American tribes. Not in Phillips.
110. [MAP]. BARBIÉ DU BOCAGE,
J[ean]-G[uillaume]. Carta dell'America Settentrionale
compilata e disegnata sotto la direzione del Sigr.
J. G. Barbié du Bocage. Torino: Cugini
Pomba e Comp., . Engraved map (by G. Bonatti),
original outline coloring. 27.4 x 19.5 cm (10-7/8 x 7-1/2
inches). Scale not stated. Ornamental border. Upper right:
XXXII. Publisher's embossed seal at lower margin.
Mild browning and soiling to blank margins, not affecting
map or border.
Not in Phillips. A lovely map of North America from an unidentified Italian school atlas, with a variety of flourishing letters and an especially beautiful border that includes cornerpieces with an acanthus-leaf motif. Texas is outlined orange and labeled as an independent country, but the Italian cartographer seemed to give it short shrift. Texas is shown in its smaller early-Republic configuration, without any Panhandle pretensions, and a strange zigzag on the western boundary. The boundary is at the Rio Grande.
111. [MAP]. BRUÉ, A[drien] H[ubert].
Carte Generale des États-Unis Mexicains de la
République du Texas et des États de
L'Amérique Centrale...revue et augmentée par
Ch. Picquet. Paris: Picquet, 1840. Engraved map with
original outline coloring. 51.2 x 36.2 cm (20-1/8 x 14-1/4
inches). Scale not stated. Inset maps: Guatemala ou
Provinces-Unies de L'Amérique Centrale and
Iles Revillagigedo. Color key chart to the
boundaries of Texas, Mexico, Central America, the United
States, and English colonies. Refined line-pattern border.
Cartographer's embossed seal at lower left. Atlas sheet no.
59 of 65. Some offsetting from the hand-colored outlining,
See Item 60 above for an earlier incarnation of this map. See Phillips, Atlases 758 & 4321 for reference to the 1825 version. In earlier versions of this map, Texas appears as part of San Luis Potosi and Coahuila, but now Brué makes it an independent republic and labels the region as Texas in large letters. Brué changed the title, adding Texas. Several places have been added to this updated version, including Austin, Anahuac, Houston, Brazoria, etc. On the earlier version, Galveston was placed on the mainland, but here it is an island. The French cartographer has cut Texas down to size, with the southwestern border being the Nueces, and no Panhandle. Texas no longer gets part of New Mexico, and Brué divides New Mexico into two regionsNew Mexico and Santa Fe.
112. [MAP]. DUFOUR, Auguste-Henri. Mexique.
[Paris]: Mangeon, [ca. 1840]. Engraved map, with original
outline coloring. 34.4 x 25 cm (13-5/8 x 9-7/8 inches).
Scale: 1 inch = approximately 225 miles. Inset map:
Guatemala. Ornately lettered title. Fine.
Texas is labeled as a separate political entity, and neither Austin nor Houston is located. The boundaries of Texas are less than clear. This map appeared in Dufour and Duvotenay's 1840 edition of Le terre: Atlas historique et universel de géographie ancienne, du moyen âge moderne, adopté dans les principaux établissements d'instruction publique. Engraved and drawn by L. Grenier and Bénard. Phillips, Atlases 6149n. An interesting feature of this map is that many place names are printed in red. Roads and trails are in red and blue. Dufour published Humboldt's great atlas.
113. [MAP]. HALL, S[idney]. Mexico. London:
A. & C. Black, 1840]. Engraved map, original outline
coloring. 25.3 x 37.2 cm (9-7/8 x 14-3/4 inches). Inset
map: Guatimala. Lower right: XLIX. Minor
tears repaired on lower edge, else fine.
Texas is shown as an independent Republic with its southern border at the Rio Grande, and the greatly extended Panhandle. Cities located include Houston, Austin, Clarksville, Cashate V. (Coushatta Village), Guardia Barca, St. Patrick (San Patricio), Refugio, etc. The map is from Black's General Atlas. Phillips, Atlases 777 & 779.
114. [MAP]. HALL, S[idney]. North America.
Edinburgh: A. & C. Black, [1840 or 1841]. Engraved map,
original outline coloring. 38 x 25.6 cm (14-7/8 x 10
inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 500 miles. Lower
right: XLV. Original outline coloring. A few stains
in blank margins.
Texas is shown as an independent Republic. The map is from Black's General Atlas. Phillips, Atlases 777 & 779.
EARLIEST PUBLISHED VIEW OF
AND OF ANY TEXAS CITY 1840
115. [BOOK]. LAWRENCE, A. B. (attrib.). Texas
in 1840, or the Emigrant's Guide to the New Republic; Being
the Result of Observation, Enquiry and Travel in that
Beautiful County by an Emigrant...with an Introduction by
the Rev. A. B. Lawrence, of New Orleans. New York:
William W. Allen, 1840. xxii -275 pp., hand-colored
lithographic (or possibly engraved) view: City of Austin
the New Capital of Texas in January 1, 1840 (10.2 x
18.2 cm; 4 x 7-3/16 inches; lower leftDrawn by Edward
Hall; lower rightLithog. by J. Lowe). 12mo,
original brown blind-stamped ribbed cloth, spine
gilt-lettered and decorated. Head of spine neatly mended,
cloth on upper joint partially split (joint itself is
strong), front endpaper abraded, occasional mild staining
and spotting, overall very good to fine. Contemporary ink
ownership inscription of P. N. Webster. Despite the candid
condition report, nicer than usually found, the important
view of Austin in excellent condition and with vivid
coloring. The plate is usually lacking.
First edition. Adams, Herd 2276: "Rare." Agatha, p. 23: "Pithy in style and valuable for information...on early conditions in Texas.... From the geological, zoological, and botanical points of view the book is worthwhile as an addition to scientific material on Texas." Basic Texas Books 120. Field 895. Howes L154. Raines, p. 203. Reps, Cities on Stone, plate 1; Cities of the American West, pp. 136-39. Streeter 1361: "An important Texas book."
Tyler in unpublished research notes on nineteenth-century Texas lithographs (pp. 29-35) discusses this view: "This print shows Austin, as the capital, in 1840. Somewhat crudely drawn by Edward Hall, a friend and supporter of President Lamar, it is, no doubt, an attempt to show the charms of the recently-designated capital in the face of wide-spread complaints that Lamar had moved the capital to 'an inconsiderable hamlet situation on...the extreme verge of the northern frontier'.... While there are perhaps earlier eye-witness engravings of Texas, this 1840 view of Austin is probably the earliest eye-witness lithograph of the state. And, if it is, indeed, a lithograph, and if the J. Lowe who signed his name in the lower right hand corner is the Joshua Lowe who advertised as a bank note engraver in Galveston in 1838 and 1840, it is, no doubt, the earliest lithograph printed in Texas. In fact, there is a question as to the medium, because the print exhibits none of the tonal qualities that artists were able to achieve with lithographs. The print seems to exhibit linear qualities associated with etchings and engravings. Still, it is clearly identified in the lower right hand corner as a lithograph and, since close examination seems inconclusive, it is perhaps best to take the printer at his word. It is quite unlikely that the lithograph was printed in Texas with the book printed in New York."
More recently Tyler has advised that after careful examination, the print appears to be an engraving. "There is one possibility that would include both points: if it were a stone engraving, such as those made by Felix O. C. Darley. Technically, Darley's prints were printed from stones, so they are lithographs. But he actually engraved or etched the stone, just as he would a block of wood or sheet of metal, so they are engravings too! He called them stone engravings. However, I doubt that someone like Lowe would have been doing stone engraving, but you never know" (personal communication from Ron Tyler). Dr. Kelsey includes the print in his preliminary survey of Texas engravings. For the issue of the Austin view that definitely is engraved, see Item 149 herein. Comparing the two side by side, the view in this first issue seem to have more qualities of lithography, while the later view is definitely an engraving.
116. [MAP]. LEVASSEUR, Victor. Amérique
Septentrionale. Paris, [ca. 1845]. Engraved map,
original color, set within an elaborately illustrated
backdrop of American iconography. 20 x 17.4 cm (7-7/8 x
6-7/8 inches) within a 28.4 x 43.4 cm (11-3/16 x 17-1/8
inches) pictorial frame. Upper left: Atlas Universel
Illustré. Lower center: Impie. de
Mercier, Paris. Very good to fine, with a few minor
spots and chips to blank margins.
One of the most decorative nineteenth-century maps of America. Texas is shown in pink and as an independent nation, though truncated. The large pictorial backdrop depicts the flora, fauna, inhabitants, and scenery of North America (condor, bison, polar bear, elk, crocodile, jaguar, Newfoundland dog, white planter, Black laborer, Native American, Aztec sculpture and pyramid, scenic waterfall, boat locked in Arctic ice, etc.).
117. [MAP]. OLNEY, [J.]. Map of the United
States to Illustrate Olney's School Geography.
[Hartford]: D. F. Robinson & Co., 1828 [actually 1839
or later]. Engraved map with original color. 25 x 42.4 cm
(9-7/8 x 16-3/4 inches). Scale not stated. Chart of
distances at center left. Overall age-toning. Matted.
Texas, colored in plum, is shown as a Republic with its border at the Nueces and with the legend: Texas was declared independent of Mexico in 1836. The Panhandle and northward is labeled: This desert is traversed by numerous herds of buffaloes & wild horses and inhabited by roving tribes of Indians. In the West, Oregon, Missouri, and Indian Territories are shown. California is labeled: Unexplored Region. Although a copyright date of 1828 appears on the map, the note regarding Texan independence indicates a later date, as does the presence of Austin (established 1839). Olney's Geography was published in over sixty editions between the 1820s and about 1850. Phillips, Atlases 309.
STIFFS VITRIOLIC EMIGRANT GUIDEWITH EXCELLENT MAP
118. [BOOK]. STIFF, Edward. The Texan Emigrant:
Being a Narration of the Adventures of the Author in Texas,
and a Description of the Soil, Climate, Productions,
Minerals, Towns, Bays, Harbors, Rivers, Institutions, and
Manners and Customs of the Inhabitants of that Country;
Together with the Principal Incidents of Fifteen Years
Revolution in Mexico.... Cincinnati: Conclin, 1840. 367
[1, ad] pp., 2 engraved views (View of Galveston City
and Bay and Battle of San Jacinto), engraved
folding map on onionskin paper, with original outline
coloring (Texas. Cincinnati Published by George
Conclin; 23.5 x 29 cm; 9-1/4 x 11-3/8 inches;
scale not stated; lower rightDoolittle & Munson
Engravers. Cincinnati....). 12mo, full modern tan
morocco, original black gilt-lettered spine label,
retained. Intermittent mild foxing to text. Browning and
some wear to blank margins of map (not affecting border or
image), otherwise the map is very fine, with strong color.
Rare, particularly with the map and plates.
First edition. Basic Texas Books 199: "One of the most controversial guide books written by a visitor to early Texas.... Stiff's guide is most useful for the light it sheds on such Texas settlements as Houston, which he states consisted of 382 houses and a population of three thousand, of which only about forty were women. He deprecates the moral character of the citizens, point out that there were 65 places of business, 47 of which were saloons or gambling houses.... Stiff's viewpoint throughout the book is decidedly pro-Mexican. He castigates the Texas Revolution as having been fought by opportunists who 'rebel first and find out the reason afterwards.'" Clark, Old South III:244. Graff 3989. Howes S998. Raines, pp. 195-56. Sibley, Travelers in Texas, p. 221. Streeter 1367: "Here conventional accounts of the physical features of Texas and of its cities and towns are interspersed with gossipy comments on various named individuals and on life in Texas in general, making it quite an entertaining book." Vandale 168.
The rare Texas map appears to be based partially on Hooker, but with less detail. The map is divided into the various empresario grants. Place locations include Austin, Fort Alamo, San Jacinto battleground, Stephen F. Austin's colonies, Stiff's Prairie, Peak of Otter, Salt Springs, etc. Texas is shown in its small, early Republic configuration, without the Panhandle and with the Nueces River as the southwestern boundary.
WYLDS CASED MAP OF NORTH AMERICA 1840
119. [MAP]. WYLD, James. Map of North America
Exhibiting the Recent Discoveries. Geographical and
Nautical. London, 1840. Engraved map (by Stockley) with
original outline color. 47.4 x 36 cm (18-5/8 x 14-1/8
inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 310 miles. Title
with ornate lettering. Decorative line border. Mounted on
original cartographic linen in 12 sections, with Wyld's
printed list of New Maps on verso. Cased map in
publisher's original diced brown cloth case, with original
engraved ornate label. In slipcase.
Outline coloring shows Texas as an independent republic, in its smaller, earlier configuration. Texas extends to the Rio Grande. Wheat, Transmississippi West 473 (listing the later 1843 issue): "This map introduces a number of new ideas, such as the R. de los Mongos and Mackenzie-Branch at the height of the Willammatte; L. Yeutaw 'probably L. Timpanogos of the Spaniards,' with R. Sacramento or Timpanogos flowing from it, through 'Ictyaphages,' to San Francisco Bay. The R. Buenaventura flows to the coast at S. Antonio Mission, the R. de las Truches or S. Felipe flows to the sea at S. Luis Obispo, and the R. de los Martires, with which is connected the R. de los Piramides, reaches the ocean just north of San Diego. In the northwest is the 'Supposed Strait of Juan de Fuca,' and inland are Almon (rather than the Salmon) River with R. Alexander going off from it. But the boundary is that of today in the north"; & p. 184: "The 1843 North America of James Wyld was characterized by the great westward flowing rivers (four of them) seeking the sea from the Great Basin."
120. [MAP]. CHEFFINS, C. F. Map of the Republic
of Texas and the Adjacent Territories, Indicating the
Grants of Land Conceded under the Empresario System of
Mexico. [London: R. Hastings, 1841]. Lithographic map
(by C. F. Cheffins), original color outlining. 31.4 x 38 cm
(12-1/2 x 15 inches). Scale 1 inch = about 70 miles. Title
with ornate lettering. Compass rose. Below scale: C. F.
Cheffins, Lithographer. Southampton Bdgs Holborn. A few
short splits at folds at edges, else very fine.
This map appeared in William Kennedy's Texas: The Rise, Progress, and Prospects of the Republic of Texas (London, 1841), which also contained Arrowsmith's great map of Texas created to encourage English settlement and investment in Texas. In Cheffins' rendering Texas is divided into land grants, and allowed its Panhandle. The colorist has placed the southwest border of Texas at the Rio Grande. However, the lithograph image still shows Texas as a Mexican state. This may be an example of utilizing a prior map to try to keep up with the changing status of Texas at a time when the rest of the world was keenly interested in developments there. Cheffins' extremely detailed map includes place locations for mines, forts, Harrisburg, Lynchburg, Bath, McNeil's Landing, Carancaway Creek, New Washington, Droves of Wild Cattle & Horses, Mustang or Wild Horse Desert, Whaco Village, etc. Curiously, Houston and Austin are not located. Day, Maps of Texas, p. 36. For more information on Kennedy's book, see Basic Texas Books 117, Howes K92, and Streeter 1385.
121. [MAP]. CRUCHLEY, G. F. America.
London, 1841. Engraved map with full original color,
including pale green seas, pink shaded border. 43.8 x 36 cm
(17-1/4 x 13-7/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = 550 miles. Within
ornate cartouche at top: Cruchley's Progressive Maps for
Schools and Families. Light foxing (primarily confined
An independent Republic of Texas is colored pale blue and has its Panhandle extending to the Platte River. The only towns located in Texas are Houston, El Paso, Santa Fe, San Antonio, and Towson. Texas' neighbor to the West is New California, Mexico.
VERY RARE BRITISH MAP BY IKIN
121A. [MAP]. IKIN, A[rthur]. Map of Texas.
[London, 1841]. Lithographed map, original pink outline
coloring. 20.4 x 23.4 cm (8-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches). Scale not
stated (1 inch = approximately 100 miles). Lower left:
Drawn by A. Ikin. Lower center: Sherwood &
Co. Paternoster Row. Lower right: J.
& C. Walker Litho. Professionally restored. Small
void at lower left corner filled (affecting only about 3 cm
of the line border), blank margin filled. Oval ink stamp on
verso mostly removed. Neatly backed with acid-free Japanese
tissue. This map is exceedingly rare in commerce.
This charming British map of the Republic of Texas appeared in Arthur Ikin's book, Texas: Its History, Topography, Agriculture, Commerce, and General Statistics. To Which is Added, A Copy of the Treaty of Commerce Entered into by the Republic of Texas and Great Britain. Designed for the Use of the British Merchant, and as a Guide to Emigrants (London, 1840). For more on Ikin's book, see Fifty Texas Rarities 23, Howes I6, Streeter 1384 (locating only three copies in Texas, two of which lack the map), & Vandale. Ikin arrived in Texas in 1841, bearing international treaties between England and Texas. Ikin and his father were involved in a colonization project in Texas, when land was being sold for seven shillings an acre. The map shows the southwestern boundary at the Rio Grande extending south to the edge of the map, but with the note: The Boundary here runs to a point in the Lat 42°. Texas includes Santa Fe and Taos. The northern border is the Arkansas River, right above which the British cartographer has placed Oregon Terr. The Cross Timbers is indicated by a swath of trees, and roads are labeled U.S. Traders Road and Old Spanish Road. Phillips, America, p. 843. A copy of Ikin's map with the book brought $36,800 in our Auction 8 in 1999.
122. [MAP]. LAPIE, A. E. & P. Carte des
États-Unis d'Amérique, du Canada, du Nouveau
Brunswick et d'une partie de la Nouvelle Bretagne.
Paris: P. C. Lehuby, 1841. Engraved map with original full
and outline color, borders shaded yellow. 40 x 55 cm
(15-3/4 x 21-3/4 inches). Scale: 1 inch = 150 miles.
Elaborately lettered and flourished title. Upper left:
Atlas Universel. Lower left: Gravée
par Pierre Tardieu. Lower right: Imp. chez Kaeppelin
et Cie. a Paris. Minor stains on blank
This map engraved by Pierre Tardieu was Plate 39 in the Lapie Atlas Universel de Géographie Ancienne et Moderne (1839-1851). The Republic of Texas is shown in its early, smaller configuration, with its borders on the Nueces and Red Rivers. Wheat, Transmississippi West 428 & p. 160: "On the Lapie map Lewis and Clark are followed generally, but Long's discoveries are ignored. Dotted lines, which may purport to represent Hunt and Stuart's routes, lead to the belief that this is our old friend the Lapie map of 1821 map in a new dress."
123. [BOOK]. [LONG, George (editor)]. The
Geography of America and the West Indies. London:
Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, 1841. xii,
648 pp., 3 engraved maps with original outline color: (1)
America (39.3 x 32.7 cm; 15-1/2 x 12-7/8 inches);
(2) The Antilles or West-India Islands (31 x 39.3
cm; 12-1/4 x 15-1/2 inches); (3) North America Canada
and the United States (35.6 x 30.7 cm; 14 x 12-1/8
inches; with inset at lower right of canal profiles for
Erie, Pennsylvania, and three others). 8vo, 19th century
three-quarter leather over marbled boards. Endpapers
darkened, slight spotting at front, generally fine.
First edition. The first map shows Texas outlined in green and with the Panhandle extending to the 42nd parallel. Palau 139759n. Raines, p. 139. Sabin 41874. One chapter is on the Republic of Texas, with physical description, agricultural and stock raising prospects ("cattle are increasing rapidly in number, owing to the extensive prairies, which make excellent pasture-ground"), wildlife ("numerous herds of buffaloes"), Native tribes, etc. California is discussed in the section on Mexico.
124. [MAP]. BOYNTON, G. W. (engraver). Mexico,
Texas, Guatimala & West Indies. N.p., [ca. 1842].
Engraved map with original color. 10.7 x 15.4 cm (4-1/4 x
6-1/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 700 miles.
This petite, rather primitive map is more interesting than we first imagined. Texas is shown in its small, early Republic configuration. The cartographer cleverly skirts the southern boundary question by leaving the Nueces Strip uncolored (Texas is colored pink and Mexico is yellow). Further ingenuity is demonstrated by the inference that Yucatan is a independent republic, in that Merida is shown as a national capital (as are the other three capitals shown, Austin, Mexico City, and San Salvador). In 1841, the Mexican State of Yucatan revolted from the central government and signed a treaty of alliance with the Republic of Texas. The Texans sent several ships to protect the interests of the Yucatecans. Boynton engraved the large-format Bradford Texas maps (see Item 96 et seq. above). We are not certain of the source of this map. Boynton was active between 1830 and into the mid 1850s, working with Bradford, Goodrich, Edwards, and others.
125. [MAP]. DUVOTENAY, Th.
États-Unis. Paris: Maison Basset, 1842.
Engraved map, original outline color. 20 x 28 cm (7-7/8 x
10-7/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 250 miles.
Ornamental border. Lower left: George
Lower right: Ch. Smith
Plate 34 from an unidentified atlas. Duvotenay often collaborated with Dufour. They were active from the 1840s to the 1870s. Texas is shown as an independent republic, with the curious zigzag on the western boundary. Although the big Panhandle is not present, the northern boundary is inching up a bit higher than in the early Republic phase.
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