Dorothy Sloan -- Books

Auction 10, Cartography
(Globes, Atlases, & Maps)

Items 176–200

176. [BOOK]. [PAGE, Frederic B.]. Prairiedom: Rambles and Scrambles in Texas or New Estrémadura. By a Suthron. New York: Paine & Burgess, 1846. 166 pp., engraved map: Map of Texas (14.7 x 9 cm; 5-3/4 x 3-1/2 inches; scale: 1 inch = 125 miles; lower right—A. Randel, Sc.). 12mo, contemporary brown calf (neatly rebacked, portion of original spine and gilt spine label laid down). Abrasion on upper cover, lower corners bumped, marginal browning to first and last leaves.
        Second edition (first edition, New York, 1845). Clark, Old South III:221: "His tone is favorable." Graff 3159. Howes P9. Raines, p. 167. Streeter 1604n: "This is a pleasant account of the author’s travels in Texas, for the most part a journey in the spring of 1839 from the Sabine by way of Nacogdoches, Houston, and Bastrop to San Antonio and return to Houston by way of Goliad and Texana, now Edna. It brings back to us now in charming fashion Texas of 1839." The map, which shows Texas east of about the 100 meridian west, is a rather primitive rendering. Austin and Houston are shown and the Texas Hill County is labeled as the Guadalupe Mountains.
($400-800)

 

177. [MAP]. RADEFELD, C. C. F. Texas nach den besten Quellen. Hildburghausen: Bibliographisches Institut, 1846. Engraved map, original shading and outline coloring. 29.1 x 35.1 cm (11-1/2 x 13-7/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 110 miles. Some very light soiling. Fine.
        First German edition of the Emory map, smaller in format, and with additional boundary lines to reflect changes which had occurred since the appearance of the Emory map. Phillips, America, p. 844. Streeter 1543n. It is interesting to note that while Emory’s boundary of Texas includes part of New Mexico, this German issue does not, probably due to the failure of the Texan Santa Fe expedition. Plate no. 103 from Meyer’s Hand-Atlas.
($600-1,200)

 

178. [MAP]. SAGE, Rufus. Map of Oregon, California, New Mexico, N.W. Texas & the Proposed Territory of Ne-Bras-Ka.... New York, 1846. Lithographed map. 44.4 x 60.7 cm (17-1/4 x 24 inches). No scale stated. Below title: F. Michelin’s Lith. 111, Nassua St. N.Y. Ornate lettering in title. Two long tears professionally repaired on verso (no losses), otherwise very fine.
        This map appeared in Rufus B. Sage’s Scenes in the Rocky Mountains, Oregon, California, New Mexico, Texas and Grand Prairies; or Notes by the Way, During an Excursion of Three Years...by a New Englander (Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1846). The map, not published in time to go with the first issue of the book, was sold separately. Thus, the book is usually found without the map. Littell (904) described Sage’s book as "rare in any condition" and "an important source book of the early overland trails." For more on the book, see Cowan, p. 548, Fifty Texas Rarities 30, Graff 3633, Howes S16 ("An intelligent narrative of extensive travels from the Platte to the Arkansas"), and Plains & Rockies IV:123.
        Ellis, Colorado Mapology, p. 41 (illustrated): "It is interesting to note the two broken lines, one running due north from the headwaters of the Arkansas River to the 42nd parallel and the other from the headwaters of the Rio Grande to the same parallel. This is reminiscent of the boundaries of the Republic of Texas, but the significance of the line from the headwaters of the Arkansas had faded in 1845." Littell 904 (on the map): "One of the rarest maps of the western country." Wheat, Gold Region 30; Transmississippi West 527 & pp. 41-43 (illustrated p. 40): "Most copies lack...the map...one of the earliest [maps] to depict the finally-determined Oregon boundary...one of the earliest attempts to show on a map the ever-more-heavily traveled emigrant road to California."
        John Allen states: "While the maps by the U.S. Army Corps of Topographical Engineers are inarguably the most important maps of the decade of the forties for the West in general, many other distinctive maps were produced during that period, particularly for the area of the plains.... Among the...migrant and traveler maps...the cartographic efforts of Rufus B. Sage are both representative and among the finest examples of the genre. Sage’s map of 1846, drawn to accompany his Scenes in the Rocky Mountains, is outstanding in its portrayal of the territory east of the Rocky Mountains. From the Missouri on the north to the Canadian River on the south, Sage drew as accurate a map of the plains as any mid-nineteenth-century cartographer’s, except for the maps of the topographical engineers. His delineation of the courses of virtually all the major plains streams and their tributaries is nearly without fault; he identified both the Oregon and California trails with care and precision; he located, as accurately as any, the territories of the major plains tribal groups. Like other cartographers of the period, Sage did not have the Black Hills correctly, showing them as a linear chain running northwest from the Sweetwater to the Missouri. In a concession to both the patterns of promise and the pessimism that were evident among mappers of the Plains, Sage’s ‘Great American Desert’ sprawls in flourishing letters across the plains south of the Arkansas, while in the heart of ‘proposed Ne-Bras-Ka Territory,’ straddling the Platte and identified in even more florid style, are the ‘Grand Prairies’" ("Patterns of Promise" in Mapping the North American Plains, edited by Frederick C. Luebke, et al., p. 53 & Fig. 3.8).
($2,000-4,000)

 

179. [CITY PLAN]. SKILLMAN, W. D. (compiler). The Western Metropolis; or St. Louis. St. Louis: W. D. Skillman, 1846. [50] 55-161 pp., foldout engraved map: Map of the City of St. Louis, Mo...Engd. by Edw. & Jul. Hutawa (12.3 x 24.6 cm; 4-7/8 x 9-5/8 inches; no scale stated). 24mo, original maroon blind and gilt-stamped cloth, a.e.g. Spine light, one gathering starting, otherwise fine; the map very fine.
        First edition of an excellent guide and map to the chief market and supply point for western trade and exploration and the gateway north to the Oregon Trail and south to the Santa Fe Trail. The street map of St. Louis locates 85 public buildings and places. The book has articles on the history of St. Louis, report on business in the city, street directory, inland navigation with traveling routes by boat and stage and tables of distances, the constitution of Missouri, etc. The text is preceded by a calendar/almanac with small wood-engravings. Pages 153-161 consist of ads (including St. Louis Type Foundry, daguerreotype portraitist S. P. Miller, publisher and bookseller W. D. Skillman, etc.).
($150-300)

 

SOLMS-BRAUNFELS’ TWO EXCELLENT TEXAS MAPS
ONE OF THE EARLIEST PRINTED MAPS OF CENTRAL TEXAS

180. [MAP]. [SOLMS-BRAUNFELS, Prinz Carl von]. 2 lithographed maps. (1) Karte von Texas enworfen nach den Vermessungen der General-Land-Office der Republic Frankfurt a/M J. D. Sauerländer’s Verlag. 47.2 x 40.2 cm (18-5/8 x 15-7/8 inches). Scale not stated. Inset of Texas and Mexico at lower right. Lower center: Geogr. & Lith. Anstalt von Eduard Foltz-Eberle in Frankfurt a/M.). Numbered key at lower left indicating counties. (2) Map of the North-western Part of Texas Received from the General Land Office in 1845. Frankfurt a. M. J. D. Sauerländer’s Verlag. 41 x 51.4 cm (16-1/8 x 20-1/4 inches). Outline coloring. Scale not stated. Lower right: Lith. u. gedr. im geogr. Institut von M. Frommann in Darmstadt). Very fine (professionally deacidified, laid on acid-free Japanese tissue, splits neatly repaired). These rare maps are difficult to find, particularly in fine condition, since they were printed on wretched paper.
        These two German colonization maps of Texas appeared in one of the most important, early Texas immigration guidebooks, by the famed German colonizer in Texas, Prince Solms-Braunfels: Texas: Geschildert in Beziehung auf seine geographischen, socialen und ubrigen Verhaltnisse, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die deutsche Colonisation ein Handbuch für Auswanderer nach Texas (Frankfurt, 1846). Basic Texas Books 190: "[Solms-Braunfels] maps are generally accurate, and were prepared with the assistance of John C. Hays." Clark, Old South III:241. Graff 3889. Howes S751.
        As head of the Society for German Emigration to Texas, Solms-Braunfels had detailed and accurate information about the state of Texas, its geography, towns, etc. The maps are carefully delineated, using first-hand surveying and material from the General Land Office. The first map is a general map of Texas, very detailed and with the various colonies shown, including: Fischer et Comp, Bourgeois D’Ovant, Robertson’s Colony, Burnet’s Colony, McMullen & McGloin’s Colony, De Leon’s Colony, Power’s colony, Austin’s colonies, etc. The map is very strong on locating Texas tribes. The second map focuses on Central Texas and the Hill Country, showing the area between Bastrop and well beyond San Saba. This appears to be one of the earliest printed maps of Central Texas and the Hill Country. Outline coloring sets off Bastrop County, Travis County, road from New Braunfels to "Fridrichsburg," and German Emigration Company lands. This may be the earliest printed map to locate Fredericksburg, which was not laid out until a year after this map. Some interesting features and places found on the map include Enchanted Rock, San Saba Fort, mineral regions, San Marcos Springs, Comal Springs, New Braunfels, Austin, Bastrop, Seguin, etc.
($4,500-9,000)

 

WYLD’S LARGE MAP OF THE UNITED STATES IN 1846
MOUNTED ON CARTOGRAPHICAL LINEN

181. [MAP]. WYLD, James. Map of the United States; and the Provinces of Upper & Lower Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia. Compiled from the Latest Surveys and Other Authentic Information. [London], 1846. Engraved map, original outline coloring. Four sections mounted, as issued, on original cartographic linen, green cloth edging, some sections backed with white and blue marbled paper, publisher’s printed ad for "New Maps" mounted on verso of northwest and southeast sections. Each section measures 63.5 x 97.8 cm (25 x 38-1/2 inches), for a total area of 127 x 195.6 cm (50 x 77 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 33 miles. Large flourishing lettering in title and decorated line border. Two inset maps on southeast section: (1) The Continuation of East Florida, on the Same Scale (27.6 x 18.1 cm; 10-7/8 x 7-1/8 inches); (2) A General Map of North America (41.2 x 35.7 cm; 16-1/4 x 14 inches). Some small wormholes and a few minor ink spots, otherwise very fine. Preserved in a modern blue cloth slipcase.
        This is one of James Wyld’s most ambitious cartographical productions relating to the U.S. or North America, perhaps the largest rendering of the U.S. or North America that Wyld ever created. Not in Phillips, Wheat, etc., nor are holdings listed by OCLC. This large-scale map of the United States and Canada shows the United States at the outset of the Mexican War, but before the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Nevertheless, Texas east of 102°W longitude is shown. As if to suggest the transitional and ambiguous state of the western boundary of Texas, Wyld used a very light shading for the western border, which runs along the Nueces, "Guadeloupe," and Colorado Rivers. Houston is shown, but Austin is not.
        The inset A General Map of North America, shows Texas as part of the United States, and here the border is placed at the Nueces. Of Western interest is the northwestern section, showing large-scale the Northwestern Territory and the part of northern Missouri Territory that is today Montana and Wyoming.
($1,500-3,000)

 

1847

NEAR MINT COPY OF DISTURNELL’S TREATY MAP

182. [POCKET MAP]. DISTURNELL, J[ohn]. Mapa de los Estados Unidos de Méjico, según lo organizado y definido por las varias actas del Congreso de dicha República: y construido por las mejores autoridades. New York: J. Disturnell, 1847. Pocket map, folded into original 16mo blue blind-stamped gilt pictorial cloth with illustration of Mexican eagle. Engraved map, original shading and outline coloring. 74.4 x 99.8 cm (29-1/4 x 39-1/4 inches). Scale: 1 inch = 70 miles. Upper right: Large engraving of Mexican eagle with snake in its beak, perched on cactus with Mexican states (Texas has been removed, New Mexico remains). Lower left: Carta de los caminos &c. desde Veracruz y Alvarado a Méjico, 2 tables (distances and statistics). 4 insets in Gulf section (battlegrounds of Palo Alto and Resaca de Palma, Bay of Veracruz, Tampico, Monterrey). Pastedown with printed statistics of Mexico. Near mint copy, with strong beautiful coloring, the pocket covers fresh and bright. An exceptionally fine copy of one of the outstanding maps for United States, Texas, and Mexican history. Rare.
        "Eleventh edition" of the important "Treaty Map" (with the road from Presidio de Rio Grande and Laredo but without the road from Houston to Richmond, Texas). John Disturnell was primarily a businessman rather than a cartographer. As events of the Mexican-American War developed and as changes occurred, he incorporated dates and places in new issues of his map without comment. Between 1846 and 1849 no less than twenty variants of the map appeared; in the year of the present map no less than seven editions were produced.
        Disturnell’s map was based on a series of earlier maps issued by other cartographers. Lawrence Martin considered the White, Gallaher, & White map of 1828 to be the first edition, and a faint imprint of that copyright may be identified on Disturnell’s map. However, it is believed that the White, Gallaher, & White map is an edition in Spanish of the Tanner map of 1826, with English title, legends, and place names. Regardless of the origin of the Disturnell map, it is exceptionally significant due to the historical context and function of the map with regard to the Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo.
        The Disturnell Treaty Map was not an official government publication—it just happened to be the map that Nicolas P. Trist took with him when he was sent as peace commissioner to Mexico in 1847. It was to be the map’s inaccuracies in locating El Paso and the Rio Grande, rather than its correctness, which made it historically significant in U.S.-Mexican relations. The map showed El Paso 34 miles north and 100 miles east of its true position, in addition to other inaccuracies. "[The map] assumed a lasting place in history when Nicholas P. Trist...used Disturnell’s map in negotiating the Treaty.... Differences soon arose over the wording of the treaty vis-à-vis the actual depiction on Disturnell’s map of the Rio Grande and the position of the city of El Paso. The lands in question were particularly important to the prospective railroad route to California and its newly discovered gold mines, a controversy which resulted in the United States’ purchase in 1854 of the Gadsden Territory" (Martin & Martin 38). Martin & Ristow, "John Disturnell’s Map of the United Mexican States" in A la Carte, pp. 204-21. Rittenhouse, Disturnell’s Treaty Map, pp. 5-6 & 17 (no. 12): "Few maps in U. S. history have had a role as interesting as that of the Disturnell Map.... The boundary line between New Mexico (and what is now Arizona) and Old Mexico was to be based on mileages from El Paso. But the Disturnell Map showed El Paso at a latitude 34 miles north and longitude 100 miles east of the true position of that city on the earth.... Part of the disputed territory—the Chamizal area at El Paso—was not determined finally until 1963." Schwartz & Ehrenberg, p. 274. Taliaferro 283. Wheat, Gold Region 33; Transmississippi West 540.
($35,000-45,000)

 

THE SECOND MOST IMPORTANT PRINTED MAP
OF THE MEXICAN-AMERICAN WAR

183. [MAP: MEXICO]. DISTURNELL, J[ohn]., J. Goldsborough Bruff & Mariano Arista. A Correct Map of the Seat of War in Mexico. Being a Copy of Genl. Arista’s Map, Taken at Resaca de la Palma with Additions and Corrections; Embellished with Diagrams of the Battles of the 8th. & 9th. May, and Capture of Monterey, with a Memorandum of Forces Engaged, Results, &c. and Plan of Vera Cruz and Castle of San Juan de Ulua...Designed by J. G. Bruff.... New York, 1847. Lithographed map. 62.3 x 48.2 cm (24-1/2 x 19 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 30 miles. Top center: large American Eagle with flags and shield, rays of light above and clouds below (beneath is a table of distances on a scroll). Left center: dashing U.S. Cavalryman riding full speed over two hapless Mexicans with smoke and dust flying through the air. Insets at right: Plan of Monterey; Map Showing the Battle Grounds of the 8th. and 9th. by J. H. Eaton [plan of the Texas-Mexico border region showing Matamoros to Pt. Isabel and the two battles fought on Texas soil]; Tampico and its Environs; Chart of the Bay of Vera Cruz. Large inset text at right center (Memorandum of the Battles...Palo Alto...Monterey); smaller text inset at lower center giving altitude of towns and mountains. Flags mark towns and cities taken by U.S. forces. Lower left: On stone by J. Probst. Lower right: Lith. of E. Jones & C. W. Newman, 128 Fulton’s. A few short tears neatly repaired, otherwise very fine.
        First edition (there are at least two states, both dated 1847 and with same title, etc.—this copy has an added chart Heights of Towns & Mountains). Day, p. 45. Garrett, Mexican-American War, p. 413 (illustrated p. 412). Phillips, America, p. 410. Wheat, Transmississippi West mentions the map in his note to entry 583: "In 1847 Bruff had made a Mexican War map which, though it is without the bounds of the present study, is worth citing." This lively map boldly expressing Manifest Destiny is the second most important printed map of the Mexican-American War (the other being the Disturnell Treaty map—see Item 182 preceding). The map is also one of the most spirited maps of the war, having been created by noted artist J. Goldsborough Bruff (1804-1889), "author of an unusually full, precise, and carefully documented gold rush journal. It is a fine example of Bruff’s maturity, his precision as a West Point graduate, and his skill as an artist and observer cultivated as a draftsman in the U.S. Bureau of Topographical Engineers" (Hart, Companion to California, p. 54).
        For an interesting discussion of the evolution of this map, see Jack Jackson’s article "General Taylor’s ‘Astonishing’ Map of Northeastern Mexico" (Southwestern Historical Quarterly CI:2, October, 1997, pp. 143-73; map illustrated). As the title of the map indicates, the map is "a copy of Genl. Arista’s map, taken at Resaca de la Palma, with additions and corrections." Jackson asserts that the success of General Zachary Taylor’s Army of Occupation in the Lower Rio Grande and Northern Mexico was due to two factors: Arista’s map and the services of the spy companies of Texas Rangers. "[Arista’s] map...offered an incredibly detailed picture of the states of Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, and Coahuila—far superior to Austin’s published map of 1830 or anything available to Americans in the meantime.... It incorporated all the latest topographical information available by 1840. In addition to the most current understanding of these three states, their rivers, roads, settlements, and other features as seen on the map, a table of distances from place to place...was also included in the margin. In short, Arista’s map proved more valuable to General Taylor’s campaign than any of the other loot captured on the Resaca de la Palma battlefield. It gave Taylor the knowledge he needed to penetrate southward, and the scouting expeditions of the Rangers resolve any doubt on questionable points.... Bruff and Disturnell’s printed version of Arista’s manuscript map was not the first printed map based on Arista’s captured map, but it was perhaps the most impressive version of the Arista map to be published.... Not only did [the Arista map] play a decisive role in General Taylor’s military campaign and go on to influence the maps of commercial producers like Disturnell, but it gave Mexican officials a better understanding of their own frontier as the nation struggled to face the immense territorial loss occasioned by the war with the United States."
        In our Auction 8, we sold a copy of the colored version of this map in pocket folder for $11,500. The present copy issued as a separate and was never in pocket map format.
($2,500-5,000)

 

RARE MEXICAN-AMERICAN PICTORIAL BROADSIDE

184. [BROADSIDE WITH MAP]. ENSIGN & THAYER. Seat of War & Battles. New York, 1847. Double folio hand-colored ornate pictorial engraved broadside with map, portraits, scenes of military engagements, and text within intricate geometric line border decorated with stars and shields. 73.5 x 53 cm (29 x 20-3/4 inches). Top center: American eagle surrounded by flags on a rock in a stormy seas. Map at center: Map of the Seat of War [Mexico and Texas]. Military engagements with accompanying text in ornamental frames: Battle of Monterey; Capture of Gen. La Vega; Battle at Buena Vesta [sic]; Battle of Churubusco, near the City of Mexico, August 20, 1847. Portraits: Gen. Scott; Gen. Taylor; Gen. Santa Anna; Gen. Ampudia. View: City of Vera Cruz and Castle of San Juan de Ulloa, Taken by the Americans, March 13, 1847. Two female allegorical figures for Justice and Liberty. A few old tears and some age-toning, very good to fine, with good color retention. Under glass, old black wooden frame.
        Garrett, Mexican-American War, p. 563. See Wheat, Gold Rush 36 (illustrated) for another incarnation of this ornamental broadside. The keen interest evoked by dramatically unfolding events in the Mexican-American war led to an outpouring of images and imprints, attempting to sate the public’s deep need to know. For ten years, people in the United States had been following events in the Texas-Mexico conflict—the Alamo, Goliad, the Santa Fe Expedition and prisoners, the decimation after Mier, Texas annexation, and, finally, the opening battles of the Mexican-American War fought on Texas soil. News of the conflict created great excitement, and publishers, printers and mapmakers were quick to supply images and imprints to document a truly international event with resounding consequences that would forever change two countries. The present print is a an amazing example of the iconography of that period, which seemingly captures the three genres—images, maps, and text embodying the propagandistic history associated with Manifest Destiny.
        The map apparently was a hastily contrived affair, using an earlier block which was cut to show the area of interest, resulting in loss of some names, such as "Ihuahua" for "Chihuahua." This oversize, illustrated broadside was the collaborative effort of several publishers, artists, and book- and mapsellers, including Ensign & Thayer, Rufus Blanchard, D. Needham, Joseph Ward, and Lossing-Barrett. One of the text insets gives statistics on the Texas battles: "Battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de Palma, May 8th & 9th, 1846."
($1,500-3,000)

 

185. [BOOK]. [LUNDY, Benjamin]. The Life, Travels and Opinions of Benjamin Lundy, Including His Journeys to Texas and Mexico; with a Sketch of Cotemporary [sic] Events, and a Notice of the Revolution in Hayti. Compiled under the Direction and on Behalf of His Children [compiled by T. Earle]. Philadelphia: Parrish, 1847. [4, blank] [5]-316 pp., engraved portrait, engraved map with original full color: California, Texas, Mexico, and Part of the United States... (21.5 x 26 cm; 8-1/2 x 10-1/8 inches; scale: 1 inch = 200 miles). 12mo, original brown blind-stamped cloth. Binding worn (especially at extremities) and with a few spots, front hinge strengthened, text with occasional mild foxing, overall a very good copy. The map is fine except for mild age-toning and one small split reinforced.
        First edition. Clark, Old South III:66: "Contains Lundy’s journals kept on his journeys to Texas, 1833-34 and 1834-35, in search of suitable places for the colonization of freed slaves." Eberstadt, Texas 162:505: "Diary of his journey through Texas in 1833-35 touching at Brazoria, Austin, and San Antonio. Contains much on the country and its products, local manners, etc." Graff 1195. Howes E10. Matthews, pp. 255-6: "The most traveled of the abolitionists was Lundy, who said he had walked 5,000 miles and had rode another 20,000. He went to nineteen states, Haiti, Canada, Texas, and Mexico." Plains & Rockies IV:108n. Streeter 1169n: "A most interesting Texas book because of Lundy’s three journeys to Texas.... Lundy was a keen observer and in his journeys refers to many of the prominent Texans." One of the few contemporary sources on pioneer printer Samuel Bangs. The colorful map (which is not listed by Wheat) shows the Nueces Strip and the Panhandle uncolored and has printed on it: Explanation. The part left uncoloured between the Rio Grande and Nueces & C. shows the old and new boundaries of Texas, forming the territory in dispute between the U. States and Mexico.
($600-1,200)

 

MITCHELL’S MEXICAN-AMERICAN POCKET MAP

186. [POCKET MAP]. MITCHELL, S. Augustus. Map of Mexico, including Yucatan & Upper California, Exhibiting the Chief Cities and Towns, the Principal Travelling Routes &c. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1847. Pocket map, folded into original 16mo dark green embossed calf covers, gilt-lettered MEXICO. Engraved map, original full and outline coloring. 44.5 x 64.6 cm (17-1/2 x 25-3/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 120 miles. Inset at top right: The Late Battlefield on pink ground (15.3 x 19.5 cm; 6 x 7-5/8 inches). Covers lightly rubbed; other than a few very small splits at fold junctures (no losses), the map is very fine, with vivid coloring.
        A large, colorful pocket map, with a wonderful conformation of Texas—outlined in bright red and with its Panhandle extending to the 42nd parallel. This is the second version (dated 1847 but with copyright date 1846) of the series of popular maps that Mitchell began to publish at the outbreak of the Mexican-American War in 1846. As the war progressed, Mitchell rapidly revised his original map, and with each appearance he added more detail, increasing the number of flags which mark the sites of battles (including the Alamo and San Jacinto). Also in 1847, yet a larger version appeared (again with 1846 copyright) adding a lower large inset Map of the Principal Roads, but with the same title to the upper inset (see Wheat, Gold Rush 35; Transmississippi West 548). In yet another version of the larger map, the inset at upper right is renamed The Battle Field of Monterey.
($4,000-8,000)

 

WALL MAP

187. [WALL MAP]. PHELPS, ENSIGNS, & THAYER (publisher). Map of the United States from the Latest Authorities. New York, 1847. Engraved wall map on 4 conjoined sheets, original partial color, mounted on modern cartographic linen, original black wooden rollers. 87 x 102.3 cm (34-1/4 x 41-1/4 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 45 miles. Ornamental border with cartouches with statistical information on individual states. Engraved vignette of eagle on a globe with commerce and transportation motifs in background. Inset maps at lower right: (1) Southern Part of Florida (13 x 9.5 cm; 5-1/8 x 3-3/4 inches); (2) Map of Texas (20.2 x 22.7 cm; 7-7/8 x 9 inches). Color faded, mild to moderate surface soiling, a few tears and holes (mainly confined to lower few inches—no substantial loss of text or image).
        On the map proper, East Texas is shown. The inset map of Texas shows the entire state except for the Panhandle and Trans-Pecos West. Not in Phillips. The cartouche on Texas states: "Texas admitted into the Union 1845 Area of 324,018 square m. Population 1840 140,000."
($300-600)

 

1848

188. [MAP]. LOWRY, Wilson J. United States General Map. London: Chapman & Hall, 1848. Engraved map, original outline color. 31.4 x 41.1 cm (12-3/8 x 16-1/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 135 miles. Slightly soiled at blank margins.
        Shows North America to beyond the Rio Grande. Texas is shown in its larger configuration; Mexico extends north to its pre-war limits. Accompanied by a separate sheet with a manuscript table giving population statistics for the individual states ranked in order of size. Phillips, Atlases 4327. Plate no. 45 from Sharpe’s Corresponding Atlas.
($100-200)

 

189. [BOOK]. MONETTE, John W. History of the Discovery and Settlement of the Valley of the Mississippi. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1848. xxiii [1] 567 + xv [2] 595 [1] pp., 4 plans, 2 plates, 3 engraved maps, including: (1) Map of the French, English, and Spanish Possessions of North America in 1745 (19.7 x 21 cm; 7-3/4 x 8-1/4 inches; scale: 1 inch = approximately 25 miles; original full color; lower right: W. Kemble, sc.); (2) Texas in 1836 (21 x 23.2 cm; 8-1/4 x 9-1/8 inches; scale: 1 inch = 80 miles; original full color; lower right: Engd. by W. Kemble, N.Y.). 2 vols., contemporary smooth brown calf, spines gilt lettered, decorated, and with raised bands, a.e.g. Spines light, light shelf wear, front free endpapers missing, pastedowns stained, occasional mild foxing to text, generally very good, the maps excellent.
        Second edition (first edition, New York, 1846). Field 1801. Howes M722. Larned 1183: "Standard work on the history of the Mississippi Valley...from the first Spanish discoveries of Florida to the admission of Texas into the Union." Thompson 842: "A work of great value. Relation of the French and Spanish discovery of the Territory, and [their] association...with the Indians and their wars with the various tribes."
        Kemble created the two Texas maps above, but is better known for making the map that appeared in Kendall’s Narrative of the Texan Santa Fé Expedition (see Martin & Martin 34). Monette’s book is a good one for Texas collectors, containing a colonization map of Texas (Texas in 1836) based on Bradford’s 1835 map (see Martin & Martin 31). While very similar to the Bradford map, Kemble’s delineation extends farther south to include the mouth of the Rio Grande. In the west, Kemble’s map stops short of the Big Bend. Empresario grants are named but not defined with outline colors; the early counties of Texas are shown in color.
($400-800)

 

190. [GOVERNMENT DOCUMENT]. OLNEY, Jesse. Map of Texas to Illustrate Olney’s School Geography. N.p. [1848]. Engraved map, original light color toning to Texas. 26.4 x 21.2 cm (10-1/2 x 8-1/2 inches). Scale not stated. Child’s pencil drawing on verso, left border irregular where removed from book.
        Battles of the Mexican-American War are marked with crossed sabers with the name and date of each.
($60-125)

 

FIRST OFFICIAL REPORT OF DISCOVERY OF GOLD IN CALIFORNIA
& REPORTS ON THE MEXICAN-AMERICAN WAR
WITH IMPORTANT, EARLY GOLD RUSH MAPS

191. [BOOK]. [GOVERNMENT DOCUMENT]. UNITED STATES. PRESIDENT. (James K. Polk). Message of the President of the United States to the Two Houses of Congress. At the Commencement of the Second Session of the Thirtieth Congress. Washington: HRED1, 1848. 183 pp., 5 lithographed maps: (1) [Untitled map of the United States showing boundaries after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo] (35 x 84 cm; 13-3/4 x 33-1/4 inches; scale not stated; original shading and outline color; lower left: E. Gilman, Draftsman; lower right: P. S. Duval’s Lithy. Philada); (2) Upper Mines Nos 1 & 8 [and] Lower Mines or Mormon Diggings No. 3 (22.8 x 16.3 cm; 9 x 6-1/2 inches; scale not stated); (3) Positions of the Upper and Lower Gold Mines on the South Fork of the American River, California. July 20th, 1848 (23.5 x 48.3 cm; 9-1/4 x 19 inches; scale not stated); (4) Plan of Santa-Cruz de Rosales & of the Operations of the U.S. Troops under Command of Brig. Gen. S. Price...Sketched & Drawn by F. Hassendeubel Cap. of Volunteer Artily (30.7 x 32.7 cm; 12-1/8 x 12-7/8 inches; scale: 1 inch = approximately 200 yards; lower right: P. S. Duval’s Lith. Steam Press Phila.); (5) La Paz (Lower California) and its Environs. Showing the Positions Occupied by the U.S. Troops and the Mexicans during the Attacks in November & December 1847. Copied by Lieut. W. H. Warner, U.S. T.E. from a Survey Made by H. Ehrenberg P.S. Duval Lith. Philada. (42 x 52.4 cm; 16-1/2 x 20-5/8 inches; no scale stated). [With]: UNITED STATES. PRESIDENT (James K. Polk). Correspondence between the Secretary of War and Generals Scott and Taylor, and between General Scott and Mr. Trist. Message from the President.... Washington: HRED 56, 1848. 405 [1] ix [1] 249 pp. Two vols. in one, 8vo, original three-quarter sheep over marbled boards. Joints cracked (but strong), spine partially detached, otherwise very fine and clean, the maps uniformly excellent, crisp, and clean (this condition being the exception for this report).
        First edition, House issue, of "the official announcement of the discovery of gold [and] Col. Richard B. Mason’s famous report of his trip to the newly discovered placers...ranks as one of the most important eyewitness accounts of the Gold Rush. The U.S. government used the report to confirm the riches to be found in California" (Kurutz, Gold Rush 105, listing a slightly different set of maps). Cowan, p. 426 (calling for 4 maps). Garrett, Mexican-American War, p. 321. Howes P446. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 30; Transmississippi West 561 (Gilman map, listed as (1) above), & vol. III, pp. 50 & 52n: "Word of the discovery of gold in California did not reach the East Coast until August, 1848, and he would have been a venturesome map publisher who on the basis of the first reports would have hazarded the fortunes of his house by a big promotion in the ‘gold region’ maps. None of the maps thus far mentioned having incidental reference to the gold discoveries was issued before October, 1848, and possibly none before December, when President Polk’s message to Congress gave the news official authentication"; Gold Region 42, 51, 52. We sold a copy of a variant report with these maps in our Auction 7 for $4,800.
($1,000-2,000)

 

191A. [MAP]. GILMAN, E. [Untitled map of the United States showing boundaries after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo]. [Washington, 1848]. Lithographed map in original shading and outline color. 35 x 84 cm (13-3/4 x 33-1/4 inches). Scale not stated. Lower left: E. Gilman, Draftsman. Lower right: P. S. Duval’s Steam Lith Press Philada. Text either side (table of areas of Western territories and eastern states). A few clean splits at folds, else very fine, excellent color retention.
        This map came out with the preceding report (Item 191), as well as in a similar report (see Kurutz, Gold Rush 105, which does not list the present map). However, the map was not included in all copies, and as we have seen, government reports can vary greatly. At any rate, the map is seldom found with the important reports on the Mexican-American War and the discovery of gold in California. This map by Gilman is important, but little known. Wheat, Gold Region 42; Transmississippi West 561.
($400-800)

 

192. [MANUSCRIPT SURVEY]. WALLER, Henry & William G. Waller. Original of Survey of "Apple" or Fairchild’s Island above Natchez, Miss. 1439.00 acs. Surd. for J. B. F. Maxent Esq. N.O.... N.p. [New Orleans?], 1848. Original manuscript survey on paper with accompanying survey notes (pp. [3] & [4] of a 4-page folio folder), p. [1] with original manuscript map in sepia ink and watercolor wash (pink, blue, and green wash). Map measures 31.7 x 20 cm (12-1/2 x 7-7/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = 40 chains. At top of p. [1] is a printed ad for the sale of the island. Included with map and survey is an original manuscript payment voucher (2 pp. 12mo) with dates of 1848 and 1858 by J. B. F. Maxent to the Wallers in the amount of $290 for the survey and travel expenses. Other than slight browning, very fine and handsome. Under double-sided glass, modern wooden frame.
        Apple or Fairchild’s Island was located in the Mississippi River twelve miles north of Natchez, between Mississippi and Louisiana.
($500-1,000)

 

193. [MAP]. WYLD, James. The United States & the Relative Position of the Oregon & Texas. London: James Wyld, [1848]. Engraved map, original outline coloring with light toning. 38.4 x 54.6 cm (15-1/8 x 21-1/2 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 150 miles. Inset map: Great Britain on the same scale. Two very short tears and stain at right upper blank margin.
        In this edition, Texas is shown in its expansive configuration including all the territory north and east of the Rio Grande. Upper California appears as a sparsely populated area with none of its rivers named. The Gila River forms the entire boundary between the United States and Mexico with only about 50 miles of border extending west from El Paso. New Mexico is not named at all. Phillips, Atlases 4327. Wheat, Transmississippi West 574 & p. 51. See Item 208 herein for the 1850 edition with a smaller Texas and a more populous California.
($150-300)

 

1849

194. [ATLAS]. MORSE, Sidney E. System of Geography for the Use of Schools Illustrated with More Than Fifty Cerographic Maps and Numerous Wood-Cut Engravings. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1849. 72 pp., engraved pictorial frontispiece, text illustrations, 50 cerographic maps, including: Texas (13 x 14 cm; 5-1/8 x 5-1/2 inches; scale: 1 inch = approximately 110 miles). 4to, original red leather over green printed boards. Covers soiled and worn, but sound, one signature loose. With ownership signatures on front endpaper.
        The Texas map (page 37) shows Texas only to the 103rd meridian on the west and the 34th parallel on the north. On the following page, the map of Mexico, Guatemala and the West Indies shows Mexico with its pre-war boundary of 42° North. The text also implies Texas is still an independent republic. For more on the cerographic process see Item 152 above.
($150-300)

 

FIRST PRINTED GEOLOGICAL MAP OF TEXAS

195. [BOOK]. ROEMER, Ferdinand von. Texas. Mit besonderer Rücksicht auf deutsche Auswanderung und die physischen Verhältnisse des Landes nach eigener Beobachtung geschildert. Bonn: Adolph Marcus, 1849. xiv [2] 464 pp., lithographed map with geological formations in original shading: Topographisch – Geognostiche Karte von Texas mit Zugrundelegung der geographischen Karte v. Wilson nach eigenen Beobachtungen bearbeitet von Dr Ferd. Roemer. Bonn bei Adolph Marcus (55.6 x 48.5 cm; 22 x 19 inches; scale: 1 inch = 30 miles; lower right: color key to geological formations; below neat line: Lith. von Henry & Cohen in Bonn). 8vo, contemporary three-quarter vellum over marbled boards, spine gilt lettered. Fragile boards rubbed, otherwise very fine, with old German library notations on front pastedown. The rare map is in excellent condition and backed with modern cartographical linen.
        First edition. Basic Texas Books 179: "One of the first scientific investigations of Texas made by someone qualified to do so.... Roemer explored most of the settled areas except deep East Texas, going as far north as Dallas and as far west as the ruins of the Mission San Saba.... He accompanied Baron von Meusebach and Robert S. Neighbors on their expedition to make their famous treaty with the Comanche Indians, thus leaving us a splendid account one of the most interesting events in the history of Texas Indian relations.... The map he produced is the first geological map of Texas, and one of the most accurate of its time.... His study of the German settlements and recommendations regarding the future prospects of German colonization...came to be regarded as the most dependable analysis of its time."
        Day, Map of Texas, p. 51: "The map shows rivers, mountains, location of Indian tribes, empresario grants, towns, roads, Alamo, comments on topography and wild life, dates on some grants, historical notes, Coffee’s Trading House, Parker’s Fort, Chihuahua Trail, Indian village, settlements, route of first Santa Fe expedition, parts of Mexico, Arkansas, Louisiana." Graff 3549. Howes R407. Raines, p. 177. Tate, Indians of Texas 2600n: "A crucially important descriptive source based upon Roemer’s trips throughout Texas from 1845 to 1847. Roemer describes many tribes, but his most useful descriptions concern the Comanches and efforts at formal peace negotiations." For more on Roemer, see Dictionary of Scientific Biography and The Handbook of Texas Online (Ferdinand Roemer). The Siebert copy (1999) brought $17,000.
($7,500-15,000)

196. [MAP]. WILLIAMS, W. Map of the Southern and South-Western States. [Philadelphia]: W. Williams, 1849. Engraved map, original full color. 30.6 x 44 cm (12-1/8 x 17-3/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 65 miles. Inset maps: Map of the State of Texas and Map of Eastern Virginia. Splits at folds and a few small voids. Mounted on Japanese tissue.
        Engraved to accompany Appleton’s Hand Book of American Travel. Day, Maps of Texas, p. 50.
($100-200)

 

1850

197. [BOOK]. [ALCÁRAZ, Ramón et al. (editors)]. The Other Side: or Notes for the History of the War between Mexico and the United States. Written in Mexico. Translated from the Spanish, and Edited, with Notes, by Albert C. Ramsey.... New York: John Wiley, 1850. xv [1] 458 pp., 11 lithographed portraits, 13 maps and plans (mostly folding, including the two Texas battles), including: (1) Plan of the City of Matamoros 1846 (20 x 24.1 cm; 7-7/8 x 9-1/2 inches; scale: 1 inch = 500 yards); (2) Plan of the Country to the North East of the City of Matamoros 1846 (19.6 x 27.1 cm; 7-3/4 x 10-7/8 inches; scale: 1 inch = 1-7/8 Mexican Leagues); (3) Plan of the Battle of Palo Alto 8th of May 1846 (20 x 28 cm; 7-7/8 x 11 inches; scale: 1 inch = 500 yards); (4) Plan of the Positions Which the Mexican Troops Occupied in the Action with the Americans on the 9th of May 1846 in the Resaca de Guerrero (18.2 x 26 cm; 7-1/8 x 10-1/4 inches; scale: 1 inch = 575 yards). 12mo, original brown blind-stamped cloth, title gilt lettered on spine. Binding somewhat shelf worn and with a few old stains, one signature detached. One map slightly browned, a few clean splits to map folds. Contemporary ink ownership inscription dated 1861.
        First edition in English (the first edition, published at Mexico in 1848, was suppressed by Santa Anna). Ron Tyler, in his preliminary survey on Texas lithographs cites the portraits of Santa Anna, Arista, and Ampudia. Garrett, Mexican-American War, pp. 3-4: "An excellent source of material for the Mexican side of the War." Haferkorn, p. 8. Howes A105. A joint account by leading Mexican participants in the Mexican-American War, which has been called "the best source on the conduct of the war" (Larned 2008). Much on Texas.
($300-600)

 

198. [POCKET MAP]. ATWOOD, J. M. Phelps’s National Map of the United States. A Traveler’s Guide. Embracing the Principal Rail Roads, Canals, Steam Boat & Stage Routes, Throughout the Union. New York: Ensign & Thayer, 1850. Pocket map & guide, 70 pp. (text), folded into original 16mo black cloth with gilt lettering and gilt ornamentation. Engraved map, original outline color. 44 x 56.5 cm (17-1/4 x 22-1/4 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 70 miles. Pictorial ornamental border of state emblems and portraits of national leaders. Ornate lettering in title, below which is: Drawn & engraved by J. M. Atwood. Inset maps: (1) Map of Oregon, California & Texas; (2) N. Part of Maine. Minor cover wear to pocket folder, some staining to endpapers, a few clean splits at folds.
        Very decorative pocket map with original gilt decorated folder, bright coloring, and numerous engravings, including illustrations of the signing of the Declaration of Independence and the American eagle. Only East Texas is shown on the large map, but the inset of the West shows all of Texas, with the widest Panhandle yet. The Texas emblem consists of a Lone Star. California extends right to the border of Texas, with Texas having taken over eastern New Mexico, and California including Arizona and western New Mexico. Phelps, Ensign, and Thayer collaborated on various cartographical projects.
($400-800)

 

199. [MAP]. DOWER, J. California, Mexico, and Guatimala &c. London: Orr, [1850]. Engraved map, original outline coloring. 20.8 x 25.6 cm (8-1/4 x 10-1/4 inches). Scale: 1 inch = 300 miles. At bottom: section elevation diagrams of the routes from Council Bluffs to C. Mendocino and from Veracruz to Manzanillo. Light browning, else fine.
        Wheat, Gold Region 153: "Published in Milner & Petermann’s ‘Descriptive Atlas of Astronomy, London, W. S. Orr, 1850, No. 4. Also in Petermann and Milner’s ‘Library Atlas of Physical Geography,’ London, W. S. Orr, 1855." Texas is outlined in pale green and shown with the wide Panhandle taking in a good deal of New Mexico.
($100-200)

 

FIRST LITHOGRAPH OF THE ALAMO FROM AN EYEWITNESS DRAWING

200. [GOVERNMENT DOCUMENT]. HUGHES, George W. Report of the Secretary of War, Communicating...Operations of the Army of the United States in Texas and the Adjacent Mexican States on the Rio Grande.... [Report title]: Memoir Descriptive of the March of a Division of the United States Army, under the command of Brigadier General John E. Wool, from San Antonio de Bexar, in Texas, to Saltillo, in Mexico. Washington: SED32, 1850. 67 pp., 8 lithographed plates after watercolors by Edward Everett (Mission San José, Mission Concepción, San Antonio, 3 views of the Alamo, Monclova Tower, Monclova Church), 2 lithographed maps: (1) Map Showing the Line of March of the Centre Division, Army of Mexico, Under the Command of Brigadier General John E. Wool.... by L. Sitgreaves, and W. B. Franklin... (48.7 x 46.2 cm; 19-1/8 x 18-1/4 inches; scale: 1 inch = 1/5 of a mile); (2) Map Showing the Route of the Arkansas Regiment from Shreveport La. to San Antonio de Bexar Texas (29.8 x 43.3cm; 11-3/4 x 17 inches; scale not stated). 8vo, modern red buckram. First map with tear where bound into volume. Overall very fine.
        First edition (often this report is described by dealers as a limited edition of 250 copies, but in reality, the statement on the document is that 250 additional copies were printed for the use of the Topographical Bureau). Garrett, Mexican-American War, pp. 296 (book) & 18 (map). Ron Tyler, in his preliminary survey of Texas lithographs, states: "The lithograph of the Alamo façade made after Everett’s watercolor was not the first published picture of the famous structure, but it was the first to be lithographed from an eyewitness drawing.... The Everett watercolors, and lithographs made from them, are a substantial document of the missions at a time of considerable neglect." Howes H767. Raines, p. 121. Tutorow 1634. Artist Edward Everett (1818-1903) was born in London and came to the U.S. in 1840. He served in the Mormon War and the Mexican-American War. "His landscape sketches resemble those produced by the Hudson River School artists. Despite definite artistic ability, Everett identified himself as a ‘mechanical engineer’" (The Handbook of Texas Online: Edward Everett).
($750-1,500)

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