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LA REUNION RARITYWITH MAPS
226. [MAP]. HALL, S[idney]. Mexico, California,
& Texas. Edinburgh: A. & C. Black, [1854?].
Engraved map, original full color. 26 x 37 cm (10-1/4 x
14-1/2 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 180 miles.
Inset map at lower left: Guatimala or Central
The California gold country is outlined in gold with lode-bearing rivers marked in gold. Not in Wheat, Gold Region. The map appeared as plate XLIX from Black's General Atlas. See Phillips, Atlases 4330, 4332 & 4334.
HEADWATERS OF THE RED RIVER MAPPED FOR THE FIRST TIME
227. [MAP]. MARCY, Randolph B. Two lithographed
maps from Marcy's 1853-1854 Exploration of the Red River
of Louisiana in the Year 1852, in original 8vo
blind-stamped brown cloth: (1) Map of the Country
between the Frontiers of Arkansas and New Mexico Embracing
the Section Explored in 1849. 50. 51. & 52, by
Capt. R. B. Marcy 5th U.S.
Infy. under Order from the War Department...H.
Lawrence.... (69.2 x 149.3 cm; 27-3/8 x 59 inches;
scale: 1 inch = approximately 25 miles; scroll at top left
giving credit to the prior surveys of Emory, Sitgreaves, A.
B. Gray, and De Cordova); (2) Map of the Country upon
Upper Red-River Explored in 1852...H. Lawrence, Lith.
(41.2 x 86 cm; 16-3/8 x 33-7/8 inches; scale: 1 inch =
approximately 10 miles; at bottom: profile of route from
the head of the Kee-che-ah-que-ho-no to Fort Arbuckle).
Maps with a few splits and minor tears, browning where the
maps were originally pasted into folder (much better
condition than usually found). A few small voids in second
map, affecting only margins and barely touching border.
This is the separately issued map folder to accompany Marcy's Exploration of the Red River of Louisiana in the Year 1852 (Washington, 1853, 1854). The maps document Marcy's expedition to the headwaters of the Red and Canadian Rivers in Louisiana, Texas, Oklahoma, and New Mexico. Basic Texas Books 135A: "In March, 1852, Captain Marcy induced the government to allow him to lead an exploration to discover the true source of the Red River.... No American explorer was known to have hitherto explored the headwaters of the Red River, and all known maps were inaccurate. Humboldt, Freeman and Sparks, Pike, and Long had either missed them completely or produced conflicting versions. The annexation of Texas, and the consequent necessity of establishing a verified northern border with the Indian territory, made the expedition even more significant.... Marcy found both branches of the Red River and the source of each.... His discovery of two Red River branches led ultimately to the loss of Greer County to Oklahoma, when Marcy was called in to testify...as to which was the main course; finally, in 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court decided the southern branch was the proper boundary of Texas.... Marcy considered these [two large maps] to be the first maps ever drawn of the sources of the Red River." Howes M276. Plains & Rockies IV:226:2.
Wheat, Transmississippi West, 791-92 & pp. 15-16: "[Marcy's] large map was an attempt not only to bring together information obtained from his own explorations, but to show the relation of that country to the areas lying to the north and southand, in addition, to the west, as far as the Colorado River of the West.... Marcy's map is...one of the best of the period.... No southern emigrant could afford to be without it." The Handbook of Texas Online (Exploration): "Americans were still uncertain of the sources of the Red River in 1851, although it was no secret to the Comanches, Wichitas, or comancheros. To penetrate this terra incognita, Marcy assembled in 1852 a model expedition of military and civilian professionals.... In exploring the upper reaches of the Red River-Palo Duro Canyon, Tule Canyon, and the Prairie Dog Town and North forks Marcy's men settled the mystery of the Red River."
228. [MAP]. SWANSTON, G. H. United States North
America According to Calvin, Smith & Tanner...the South
Central Section Comprising Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi,
Arkansas, Western Territory, and Part of Missouri.
Edinburgh: A. Fullarton & Co., [1854-60]. Engraved map,
original outline coloring. 51.3 x 40.2 cm (20-1/8 x 15-3/4
inches). Scale: 1 inch = 45 miles. Fine.
Large-scale map showing Texas east of the 101st meridian. Phillips, Atlases 838. From The Royal Illustrated Atlas of Modern Geography.
229. [MAP]. UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY. Sketch
I Showing the Progress of the Survey in Section No. 9 1848
to 54. New York: Bien & Sterner, 1854. Lithographed
map. 19 x 54.4 cm (7-1/2 x 21-3/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch =
approximately 9 miles. Inset map at lower left:
Sub-Sketch Showing the Progress of the Survey of Rio
Grande and Vicinity 1853 & 1854. Fine.
This map is from the Coast Survey of Galveston and Matagorda Bays made in 1854. Martin & Martin, Plate 74n & p. 147n (citing the 1853 version, which lacks the inset map of the mouth of the Rio Grande): "The work of the Coast Survey not only resulted in the most accurate charts possible of the coastal waters of the nation, ensuring the safety and reliability of marine traffic, it also pioneered the modern techniques and equipment utilized in later surveys in the interior.... Even more important, the early creation of the Coast Survey embodied a recognition on the part of the federal government of a new responsibility, that of developing and disseminating maps and charts to promote the safety and welfare of the people." See Item 217 herein for an earlier, smaller scale version of this map.
230. [MANUSCRIPT SURVEY]. [MATAGORDA COUNTY (J. C.
Perry Grant)]. COLLINSWORTH, James B. (Surveyor). Original
autograph document signed by Jas. B. Collinsworth, District
Surveyor for Matagorda District, dated at District of
Matagorda, April 16, 1855, with survey plat and field notes
on 370 acres of land lying in Matagorda County (on
Matagorda Bay and the Gulf of Mexico), for J. C. Perry,
surveyed April 13, 1855. 4 pp., folio, with 4 manuscript
maps: (1) [small untitled overview of Perry grant in sepia
ink and pencil shading] (6.4 x 7.7 cm; 2-1/2 x 3 inches;
scale: 1 inch = 4000 varas); (2) [untitled sketch in sepia
and red ink of Perry grant] (26 x 26 cm; 10-1/4 x 10-1/4
inches; scale: 1 inch = 320 varas); (3) [untitled rough
sketch of Perry Grant in pencil] (12.7 x 15.2 cm; 5 x 6
inches; scale not stated); (4) [untitled survey map in dark
brown ink on cartographical cotton] (30.5 x 20.2 cm; 12 x
7-7/8 inches; scale not stated). Fine.
Surveys like this have an immediacy that makes them worthy additions to a cartographic collection. The chain carriers listed in this survey are John McCallum and Richard Surrell. The fourth map listed above came with these papers, but it does not appear to be a map of the Perry grant or in the hand of Collinsworth.
231. [MAP]. COLTON, J. H. New Map of the State
of Texas Compiled from J. De Cordova's Large Map. New
York: J. H. Colton & Co., 1855. Engraved map, original
color. Two sheets joined, measuring overall: 41.7 cm x 63.6
cm (16-1/2 x 25 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 40
miles. Three inset maps at lower left: (1) Plan of
Sabine Lake; (2) Plan of Galveston Bay; (3)
Plan of Northern Part of Texas. Verso of right sheet
with text: The State of Arkansas and Indian
The map makes note of the several land districts in the old Fisher-Miller Grant, later acquired by the Adelsverein, between the Colorado and Llano Rivers, e.g., the districts of Howard (No. 1); Harvey (No. 2); McDonald's (No. 11), etc. The German settlements along the Llano River are located. There are two Travis Counties on the map, a feature seldom seen on printed maps. The isolated, extraterritorial portion of Travis County is shown northwest, in the areas of the present-day Coleman and Runnels Counties. This map issued as Plate Nos. 37 and 38 in Colton's General Atlas.
232. [BOOK]. [LESTER, C. E.]. The Life of Sam
Houston: The Only Authentic Memoir of Him Ever
Published...Illustrated. New York: J. C. Derby, 1855.
402 [6, ads] pp., engraved frontispiece portrait, engraved
plates, maps, including: (1) The Routes of Santa Anna's
& Houston's Armies (8.5 x 13.5 cm; 3-1/2 x 5-1/4
inches; no scale stated); (2) Battle Ground of San
Jacinto.... (8.5 x 13.5 cm; 3-1/2 x 5-1/4 inches; no
scale stated). 12mo, original brown blindstamped cloth.
Ex-library with ink stamp of the Oklahoma Baptist
University Library on front pastedown and contents page, a
few signatures a bit loose, some foxing.
Second edition, greatly enlarged, with added maps and portraits which did not appear in the original edition of 1846. Basic Texas Books 126A: "This is the first biography of Sam Houston, in large part autobiographical. Controversial since the day of its issue, it is still one of the basic sources for information on the life of Houston." Howes L271. Rader 2221. Raines, p. 225.
The maps and spirited plates were engraved by N. C. Orr after originals by Jacob Dallas, and Dr. Kelsey included the book in his preliminary survey of Texas engravings. Hamilton, Early American Book Illustrators and Wood Engravers (Jacob A. Dallas) 562: "Dallas studied painting with Bass Otis at the Pennsylvania Academy. From 1850 on he lived in New York City and was one of the early Harper's Magazine artists. He was considerably influenced by Darley. Weitenkampf says, 'The swing and vigor of [Darley's] style find a certain reflection in the drawings, somewhat exaggerated in strength, of Jacob A. Dallas.'"
233. [MAP]. [SAVAGE, Charles C.]. Texas.
[New York: Bridgman & Fanning, 1855]. Cerographic map.
11.8 x 20.6 cm (4-5/8 x 8-1/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch =
approximately 110 miles. Inset map at lower left: Texas
Northern Part. Fine.
Verso (p. 169) with a description of Texas. From The World Geographical, Historical & Statistical.
SURVEYCOLLATED & COMPLETE
"FIRST ADEQUATE TOPOGRAPHIC TREATMENT OF THE ENTIRE WEST BASED ON FIELD RECONNAISSANCE SURVEYS"
234. [BOOK]. UNITED STATES. WAR DEPARTMENT.
PACIFIC RAILROAD SURVEY. Reports of Explorations and
Surveys, to Ascertain the Most Practicable and Economical
Route for a Railroad from the Mississippi River to the
Pacific Ocean.... 1853-54. Washington: HRED91,
1855-1860. 12 vols. bound in 13, complete, 4to, modern
black cloth. Profusely illustrated with over 600
lithographed plates (many in color), engraved text
illustrations, numerous lithographed maps, including:
Map of the Territory of the United States from the
Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean Ordered by the Hon. Jeff'n
Davis, Secretary of War to Accompany the Reports of the
Explorations for a Railroad Route...Compiled from
Authorized Explorations and Other Reliable Data by Lieut.
G. K. Warren, Topl. Engrs. in the Office of Pacific R.R.
Surveys, War Dep. under the Direction of Bvt. Maj. W. H.
Emory...and of Captain A. A. Humphreys...Engd. by Selmar
Siebert (107.3 x 115.6 cm; 42-1/4 x 45-1/2 inches).
Occasional light foxing, staining, and chipping, some
splits to maps, large Warren map (listed above) repaired (a
few losses affecting two words in title), occasional
marginal chipping to some leaves (no losses), folding maps
with some splits at folds, overall a very good to fine,
First edition of "one of the most important and massive compilations of exploration reports and data about the Transmississippi West ever published.... The Pacific Railroad Survey in two years increased the contemporary knowledge of the geography, topography, geology and natural history of the West by a quantum leap" (Reese 52:680). A distinctly different version of the Pacific Railroad Surveys came out in 1855 (3 octavo volumes with an extra folio of maps). Howes P3. Plains & Rockies IV:262-67: "First adequate topographic treatment of the entire West based on field reconnaissance surveys." Rittenhouse 442. Schwartz & Ehrenberg, p. 287: "Warren's fundamental master map of the Trans-Mississippi West...represents the first adequate topographic treatment of the entire West based on field reconnaissance surveys.... Warren's work remained the standard map of the West for twenty-five years."
"The Warren map of 1857 is the capstone of western cartography before the Civil War...the best map of the plains before 1860...signifies the culmination of American efforts to map the plains during the first decades of the nineteenth century" (John L. Allen, "Patterns of Promise: Mapping the Plains and the Prairies, 1800-1860," pp. 57-60). Goetzmann, Army Exploration in the American West 1803-1863, pp. 313-16, etc.: "The most important achievement of the surveys was Lt. G. K. Warren's map of the trans-Mississippi West. An event comparable in importance to the publication of Lewis and Clark's first reports, Warren's map marked the culmination of six decades of effort to comprehend the outlines of western geography. Though there were still vast areas marked unexplored on its surface and not all of the features were correctly laid down. Warren's map, nevertheless, was a landmark in American cartography.... Compared to Warren's map, all previous works of a general nature on the trans-Mississippi West are mere sketches.... The map was of fundamental importance in the progress of geographical knowledge in the United States." Wheat, Transmississippi West IV:822-4, 843-6, 852-3, 864-7, 874-5, 877-882, 936 (23 entries in all).
"The expedition's maps contributed to the production of a map in which the contours of the trans-Mississippi West clearly emerged for the first time. The Pacific Railroad surveys served as 'great graduate schools' for a generation of American scientists, their specimens swelled the collections of the Smithsonian Institution, and the scientific reports are considered a 'glorious chapter' in the history of American science. For historians of the Southwest the detailed, illustrated reports of the Whipple expedition, and the diaries kept by some of its members, remain fascinating archives, conveying a rich history of a region long since changed and of a way of life forever lost."The Handbook of Texas Online (Whipple Expedition).
Goetzmann, Army Exploration in the American West 1803-1863, pp. 333-37, etc.: "The series of 147 lithographs that illustrated the volumes of the Reports [was] a kind of knowledge that particularly epitomized the half-scientific, half-literary approach to natural history that was so typical of the Humboldtean scientific tradition. First premises founded in semireligious aprioristic assumptions lay always just below the surface of those sublime representations of the western landscape, stretching over the horizon toward infinity. The magnificent set of lithographs were the work of eleven artists: R. H. Kern, John M. Stanley, F. W. von Egloffstein, H. B. Möllhausen, Lt. Joseph Tidball, Albert H. Campbell, Charles Koppel, W. P. Blake, John Young, Gustave Sohon, and Dr. Thomas Cooper....
"There was a conflict for most of the artists between the desire to express the impressions of grandeur and sublimity that the fantastic forms of the new domain inevitably presented. Most of the artists were stunned by the variety and profusion of everything they saw.... One of Stanley's best executed drawings showed a huge herd of buffalo stretching for miles and miles over the rolling Dakota landscape. It was one of the best scenes of a buffalo herd ever done, and the animals and rolling contours were used to indicate scale and distance.... The best landscape work was done by Von Egloffstein, whose [work] was a perfect exploitation of the tension between geographical accuracy and the 'stunned imagination'.... Along with the landscapes the artists included scenes with the figures and the structures of civilization. Stanley drew numerous scenes of parleys with the northern Indians, and he also managed to take some of the first daguerreotypes of the Rocky Mountain peoples.... Other artists like Blake and Koppel sketched southwestern scenes; Mojaves helping the wagon train cross the Colorado...the town of Los Angeles as it looked in 1853 [first printed view].... All of these, besides portraying the landscape, provided a kind of historical record. They arrested the frantic motion of Manifest Destiny for a brief moment and caught, as if on a single slide, all the aspects of far-western settlement in 1853. Nature was overpowering, the sublime reality. The progress of man was as a figure in the foreground, just beginning to turn the tide in favor of the forces of civilization. That was what the pictures showed, and that was what the Pacific railroad surveys were all about. The Pacific Railroad Reports were thus an American encyclopedia of western experience."
The wealth of plates and maps focuses more on California and the other Western states than Texas. However, many of the maps relate to Texas, or include parts of Texas. Ron Tyler in his preliminary survey of nineteenth-century Texas lithographs identified over twenty lithographs relating to Texas in the set, including Canadian River Near Camp 38 and Comanche Camp on Shady Creek (both toned lithographs by Sarony, Major & Knapp after Heinrich Baldwin Möllhausen). See also Tyler's Prints of the American West, pp. 68, 87-91, 93-95, 105-06, 159 (several illustrations): "One illustration in W. P. Blake's report on the geology of the Great Basin, volume five in the Pacific Railroad Reports, contains a view of Placer Mining by the Hydraulic Method, Michigan City [California] that is acknowledged to have been printed from a daguerreotype."
It is no small feat to collate the entire Pacific Railroad Survey, and attention to such excruciating detail usually is rewarded by vast disappointment, since few sets of this monumental report are found complete. We were irritated to discover that our set lacked three plates and three maps, including the large Warren map (frequently lacking). With persistence (including the ghastly horror of bidding on eBay for the Warren map), we managed to complete our set. In fact, this zeal led us to "over-complete" our set, adding two ornithological plates that appeared in the Senate edition, but not in this House issue. We compared our set with one owned by Michael Heaston and thought that we lacked two bird plates. One of the extra plates we added to the present set is the beautiful lithograph of the Scarlet Tanager, which we are happy to have added to this set, whether required or not. If the successful bidder on this set does not want the Scarlet Tanager, we will gladly accept its return. Michael Heaston studied the make-up of both the House and Senate sets and concluded that inclusion of the bird plates (and much else in the Pacific Railroad Survey!) varies. As Dr. Goetzmann points out, "The pages were not numbered consecutively from the beginning to the end of each volume, and different printers saw fit to add or subtract maps and illustrations at will. As a result, the Pacific Railroad Reports, though one of the most impressive publications of the time, were a little like the country that they were intended to describe: trackless, forbidding, and often nearly incomprehensible."
235. [MAP]. UNITED STATES. WAR DEPARTMENT. PACIFIC
RAILROAD SURVEY. Geological Map of the Route Explored by
Capt. J. Pope Corps of Top. Eng. Near 32nd
Parallel of North Latitude from the Red River to the Rio
Grande. Philadelphia: P. S. Duval & Son, .
Lithographed map with original color. 24.7 x 57.4 cm (9-3/4
x 22-5/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 45 miles.
Legend. A few light stains.
This map of Texas is from Vol. 2 of the Pacific Railroad Survey (see Item 234 preceding). Geological features are represented by colors keyed to a legend on the map.
236. [BOOK]. [DANA, C. W.]. The Garden of the
World: or the Great West; Its History, Its Wealth, Its
Natural Advantages...A Complete Guide to Emigrants, with a
Full Description of the Different Routes Westward. By an
Old Settler. Boston: Wentworth, 1856.  -396 pp.,
engravings of state seals. 12mo, original brown
blind-stamped cloth (rebacked, original spine preserved).
Some foxing to text.
First edition. Cowan, p. 155. Plains & Rockies IV:279a: 1: "The author describes a number of routes to the West. He also offers instructions for prospective immigrants." Rader 1051. Smith 2244. There is a chapter on Texas that includes a long letter by Sam Houston extolling the advantages that Texas offers as a field for immigration. The chapter on Kansas includes a section on the "Vegetarian Settlement Company."
INCREDIBLE ASSOCIATION COPY OF ONE
OF THE RAREST
PLAINS & ROCKIES TITLES
We have included 31
illustrations from this item.
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237. [BOOK]. GRAY, A. B. Southern Pacific
Railroad. Survey of a Route for the Southern Pacific R.R.,
on the 32nd Parallel by A. B. Gray for the Texas Western
R.R. Company. Cincinnati: Wrightson & Co.'s
("Railroad Record") Print, 1856. 110 pp., 31 (of 33)
lithographic plates of scenes along the route by Texas
artist Carl Schuchard (including views such as Valley
and Town of Mesilla, New-Mexico; Fort Chadbourne,
Texas; Pecos River, Texas; Guadalupe
Mountains near El Paso, Texas; Fort Yuma, at the
Junction of the Gila & Colorado Rivers; etc., 4
lithographed maps: (1) Port of San Diego Surveyed by the
U.S. Boundary Commission in 1849-1850. Hon. John B. Weller,
U. S. Commissioner. A. B. Gray, U.S. Surveyer
Chs. J. Whiting Principal Assistant (17 x 11
cm; 6-3/4 x 4-1/4 inches; scale: 1 inch = 3-1/2 miles;
lower right: Lith. of J. Bien....); (2)
Preliminary Map to Accompany Report of A. B. Gray of the
Route of the Texas Western Railroad Now Changed to Southern
Pacific Railroad Compiled from Explorations by A. B. Gray
and Others. 1856 (original full color and outlining of
route in red; 60.5 x 84.8 cm; 23-7/8 x 44 inches; scale: 1
inch = 45 miles); (3) Detail Map of the Atlantic &
Pacific Rail Road from the Mississippi River to the Pacific
Ocean Prepared at Coltons Geographical Establishment. G. W.
& C. B. Colton & Co.....; (4)
The World Illustrating the Course of Trade from Europe
to Asia across the Continent of America (14.5 x 25 cm;
5-7/8 x 9-7/8 inches; no scale stated; lower center:
Middleton, Wallace, & Co. Lithogrs., Cin.
O.). Bound with the Gray report and extending into
another volume are about 20 additional reports and
separately issued Colton railroad maps, several of which
are not recorded elsewhere (see next paragraph). 2 vols.,
8vo, contemporary purple cloth. Bindings worn and a few
minor repairs, occasional foxing and browning, generally
very good to fine. Lacking two views, but with an extra
map. This exceedingly rare work, when found, is seldom
complete (even the Huntington copy lacks the large general
map). These copies bear the signatures and notes of J. M.
Daniel, Chief Engineer of the Memphis, El Paso &
Pacific Railroad Company, dated 1867 (see The Handbook
of Texas Online [Memphis, El Paso & Pacific
Railroad] & Reed, A History of Texas Rail-Roads,
pp. 93-94). An incredible association copy of one of the
rarest Plains & Rockies titles.
First edition of a major Texas and Western book, documenting the linking in Texas that created a transcontinental railway system. Alliot, p. 90. Graff 1626. Howes G331: "With a series of unrivalled Southwestern views." Plains & Rockies IV:275. Raines, p. 97. Wheat, Transmississippi West 893. Among the reports bound in with the Gray report are: Second Biennial Report of the Officers of the Memphis, El Paso & Pacific R.R. Company.... (Clarksville, 1860); Report of the Memphis, El Paso & Pacific R.R. Company (Paris, 1866); S. B. Buckley's Preliminary Report of the Geological and Agricultural Survey of Texas (Austin, 1866; see Winkler 154); Annual Report of the Stockholders of the Southern Pacific Railroad Co., Chartered by the State of Texas (Marshall, 1866); E. F. Beale & [A. W.] Whipple's Atlantic and Pacific Railroad. Route to the Pacific Ocean, on the 35th Parallel (New York, 1867; variant of Howes B272); Pacific Railroad and Telegraph Grants from the Mexican States, Chihuahua and Sonora.... (New York, 1861); Prospectus and Act Incorporating the American and Mexican Railroad and Telegraph Company (New York, 1869); Report.... (Washington: SRC219, 1869, with lithographed map: The Great Rail Road Routes to the Pacific, and Their ConnectionsWheat, Transmississippi West 1207 & pp. 249-50: "Shows the whole extent of the United States, with completed and projected railroads, and specially emphasized'Northern & Southern Pacific Trunk Line'.... The base map on which these various routes are shown is not elaborate, but sufficiently fleshed out to be interesting and to make the railroad routes intelligible"). Among the maps found in the additional reports is: G. W. & C. B. Colton's General Map of the Atlantic & Pacific R.R. Showing Connections & Comparative Profiles (New York: Colton, 1867), an engraved map with contemporary coloring and ornate floral border (not in Wheat, Modelski, Phillips, etc.), which is one of the early maps to show a trans-continental route and the route across the Southwest.
"This rare and little known volume is one of the real treasures of Western Americana, with fabulous prices asked for the few copies remaining of the edition first published at Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1856. The report is concerned with the exploration by Col. A. B. Gray, and his party, for a feasible route along the 32nd parallel for a projected railroad westward to San Diego. This little group of stalwart wayfarers braved the Llano Estacado, when few travelers had crossed it, and when thirst, hunger and hostile Indians were the common and ever-present problems to be faced. Their observations, adventures, and ultimate success in courageous reconnaissance, gives this work its deserved historical importance" (L. R. Bailey in the edited reprint of the 1856 edition of Gray's report published by Westernlore Press in 1941).
Schuchard's lithographs bring to life Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona as they existed 130 years ago. The Texas lithos are included in the Ron Tyler's preliminary survey of nineteenth-century Texas lithographs. Tyler, Prints of the American West, pp. 87 & 90-91: "The most extensively illustrated of the private surveys was Gray's Southern Pacific Railroad, which contains thirty-three lithographs by Wrightson and Company of Cincinnati after sketches by San Antonio artist Carl Schuchard, a German immigrant who had tried his luck in the California goldfields and returned, unsuccessful, to Texas."
238. [MAP]. HANDTKE, F[riedrich]. Vereinigte
Staate[n von Nord Amerika]. [Glogau: Flemming,
ca. 1856]. Western half only of a 2-page lithographed atlas
map with original green shading. 50.9 x 34.4 cm (20 x
13-1/2 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 17 miles.
Inset map at left: Galapagos Schildkröten
In. Table with statistical information on
states and cities at left. Fine.
Texas is outlined in pale green. Friedrich Handtke was active from the 1840s to 1879.
239. [GOVERNMENT DOCUMENT]. COOLIDGE, Richard H.
Statistical Report on the Sickness and Mortality in the
Army of the United States Embracing a Period of Sixteen
Years, from January, 1839, to January, 1855. Prepared under
the Direction of...Thomas Lawson, Surgeon General United
States Army. Washington: SED96, 1856. 703 pp., tables,
lithographed map: Outline Map of the United States
Exhibiting the Position of the Military Posts. Prepared
under the Direction of Bvt. Brig. Gen. Thos. Lawson Surgeon
Gen. U.S. Army (23.6 x 51.6 cm; 9-3/8 x 20-3/8 inches;
scale: 1 inch = 200 miles; lower right: Ackerman Lith.
379 Broadwy. N.Y.) Large 4to, original
blindstamped brown cloth, gilt-lettered spine. Corners
bumped, some browning and foxing to text and map.
First edition. Pingenot: "According to Asst. Surgeon Coolidge, this report on sickness and mortality in the army, ordered by Secretary of War Jefferson Davis, was the first since 1840. The report is divided into divisions including Florida, Texas, New Mexico, California, and Washington and Oregon territories. Also the report contains a consideration of the vital statistics of the War with Mexico. A large segment, pp. 349-401 treats the forts in Texas including Ft. Ewell, Ft. Merrill, Ringold Barracks, Ft. McIntosh, Ft. Duncan, Ft. Graham, Ft. Belknap, Ft. Davis, Ft. Inge, Ft. Clark, etc. Not in Howes or Graff. Rare." The map locates all of the military forts in the United States. Donated to the Texas State Historical Association by Shirley and Clifton Caldwell.
240. [BOOK]. YOAKUM, Henderson K. History of
Texas from Its First Settlement to Its Annexation to the
United States in 1846. New York: Redfield, 1856. 482
[11, ads] + 576 pp., 11 lithographs (after engravings):
plates, plans (San Antonio & Its Environs....;
Ground Plan of the Alamo in 1835-6; San Jacinto
Battle-Ground), and maps including: Map of Spanish
Texas (26 x 33 cm; 10-1/4 x 13 inches; scale not
stated); and Texas Prepared for Yoakum's History of
Texas by J. H. Colton.... (30.7 x 36.3 cm; 12 x 14-1/4
inches; scale: 1 inch = approximately 60 miles). 2 vols.
modern blue cloth with black gilt-lettered spine labels,
marbled edges. Maps with minor tears.
First edition, second printing (the work first came out the previous year and was identical with the present printing, except the date on the title-page was altered; most copies of the first printing were destroyed by fire; the 1855 edition is Vandale Rarity 200). Basic Texas Books 224A: "Includes the very valuable 'Memoir of Colonel Ellis P. Bean,' one of the most important resources on Texas history during the early part of the 19th century. Yoakum had the use of materials, many no longer extant, provided to him by Sam Houston, Thomas J. Rusk and numerous others. Contains numerous letters of Sam Houston never before published, and of the 1,266 footnotes in the main text, 739 are to original manuscripts, letters, or primary sources." Howes Y10. Raines, p. 223 (citing only the second edition). "Still indispensable to a study of the period it covers" (Eugene C. Barker). Tate, Indians of Texas 202: "Numerous references to the 'Indian problem' and efforts to solve itall reflecting the frontiersman's viewpoint."
241. [MAP]. YOUNG, J[ames] H[amilton]. Map of
the State of Texas from the Latest Authorities.
Philadelphia: Charles DeSilver, 1856. Engraved map,
original color. 32.7 x 40.6 cm (12-7/8 x 16 inches). Scale:
1 inch = approximately 52 miles. Inset maps: Northern
Texas (upper left), Map of the Vicinity of Galveston
City (lower left). Descriptive text, statistical
information, ornamental border. Fine.
Similar to the Young map of Texas above (Item 218), but with the copyright notice changed to 1856 and including only Charles DeSilver.
242. [MAP]. YOUNG, J[ames] H[amilton]. Map of
the State of Texas from the Latest Authorities.
Philadelphia: Charles DeSilver, 1856. Engraved map,
original color. 33.5 x 40.5 cm (13-1/8 x 16 inches). Scale:
1 inch = approximately 52 miles. Inset maps: Northern
Texas (upper left), Map of Galveston Bay from the
U.S. Coast Survey. Descriptive text and table of
statistical information, ornamental scrollwork border.
Brittle paper, chipping at blank margins.
Similar to the previous map, but brighter color, a redrawn and larger inset map of Galveston Bay, and a more extensive railroad system. At the right is a printed list of "The Railroads of Texas. Railroads Completed in Part."
THE HIGH WATER MARK OF WESTERN CARTOGRAPHY BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR
243. [MAP]. EMORY, W[illiam] H. Map of the
United States and Their Territories between the Mississippi
and the Pacific Ocean and Part of Mexico....
Washington, 1857-58. Very finely engraved map. 51.2 x
57.8 cm (20-1/8 x 22-3/4 inches). Creased where formerly
folded, a few short splits.
From the Mexican Boundary Survey report. Goetzmann, Army Exploration of the American West, pp. 199-200: "Master map of the entire trans-Mississippi West...drawn to a scale of 1:6,000,000.... Emory's version of the trans-Mississippi West country was only the second (after Frémont's) important attempt to portray the region as a whole, and a clear advance over the previous work of Preuss and Frémont." Martin & Martin 44: "[The Emory report] contained a large map of the entire country west of the Mississippi River, and comparison of it with Emory's map published in 1844 shows dramatically the vast amount of information gathered concerning the region in the short time since it had been acquired by the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo. The map depicted the work of the boundary survey and the important explorations of the entire West under numerous government agencies and bureaus.... Emory's map documented the West as it was actually known, but also revealed what remained to be explored." Wheat, Transmississippi West 822* & 916. John L. Allen ("Patterns of Promise: Mapping the Plains and the Prairies, 1800-1860," p. 57) says that "Emory's large map...which consolidates the results of the boundary surveys, and Lt. G. K. Warren's synthesis of the Pacific Railroad Surveys together represent the high water mark of western cartography before the Civil War. The detail on Emory's magnificent map is so great that it defies description."
244. [MAP]. HALL, James & J. P. Lesley. Map
Illustrating the General Geological Features of the Country
West of the Mississippi River. Compiled from the Surveys of
W. H. Emory and from the Pacific Railroad Surveys &
Other Sources. New York: Sarony Major & Knapp,
1857. Lithographed map, original color. 50.5 x 58.2 cm
(19-7/8 x 22-7/8 inches). Scale not stated. Chart at lower
right provides a key to the colored geologic features on
the map. Fine.
Published in the Emory Boundary Survey Report, although the map is almost always missing from the Report. Wheat, Transmississippi West 922.
245. [BOOK]. OLMSTED, Frederick L[aw]. A
Journey through Texas; or, a Saddle-Trip on the
Southwestern Frontier; with a Statistical Appendix. New
York: Dix, Edwards, 1857.  xxxiv, 516 pp., engraved
frontispiece, engraved map: Map of Part of the State of
Texas. Prepared by J. H. Colton & Co. New York
(19.5 x 22.7 cm; 7-3/8 x 9 inches; scale not stated).
12mo, original brown blind-stamped cloth. Spine extremities
worn, some outer wear and staining, new endsheets,
internally fine. A scruffy but respectable and clean copy
of a book difficult to find in collector's condition, the
Colton-Texas map fine, with only a few minor splits at
folds, red ink circle drawn around San Antonio.
First edition. Basic Texas Books 157: "The most civilized of all nineteenth-century books on Texas...also the most interesting and the most dependable.... Olmsted offers many insights into economic and social life. He gives one of the earliest descriptions of the Texas cattle ranch.... A splendid, enlightening book." Clark, Old South III:481n. Dobie, p. 52. Graff 3097. Howes O79. Raines, p. 159: "No better book yet written on travels in Texas." Sibley, Travelers in Texas, p. 216. "Frederick Law Olmsted (1822-1902), noted landscape architect and writer of travel books...made extensive tours throughout the South from 1852 to 1857. One of the products of this travel was A Journey through Texas. On his route via Natchitoches down the Old San Antonio Road, through the German settlements, down to the coastal prairie towns, through San Antonio, Eagle Pass, Houston, and Liberty, Olmsted commented on all phases of town and country life in Texas. Olmsted was a fervent opponent of slavery, and his journeys through Texas and the other slave states confirmed his deep-seated antipathy to forced servitude and to the South in general" (The Handbook of Texas Online: Frederick Law Olmsted).
246. [MAP]. ROGERS, H[enry] D[arwin] & A.
Keith Johnston. State of Texas. London: John Murray;
Edinburgh: W. & A. K. Johnston, 1857. Engraved map,
original outline coloring in tan, red, and blue. 34.4 x 41
cm (13-1/2 x 16-1/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = 54-1/2 miles.
Paper browned. Fine. Under glass in white metal frame.
Rather than use inserts, the cartographer has allowed the Panhandle and lower Rio Grande to extend beyond the neat line. Phillips, Atlases 3670. Plate 17 from Atlas of the United States....
"THE FINEST MILITARY MAP OF TEXAS
PRIOR TO THE CIVIL WAR"
247. [MAP]. UNITED STATES. ARMY. BUREAU OF
TOPOGRAPHICAL ENGINEERS. Map of Texas and Part of New
Mexico Compiled in the Bureau of Topographl.
Engrs. Chiefly for Military Purposes. New
York: H. F. Walling's Map Establishment, 1857. Lithographed
map. 86.3 x 94.2 cm (31 x 37-1/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch =
approximately 24 miles. Lower left: List of
Authorities. Lower right: Table of military stations. A
few short tears and one small chip on right blank margin,
otherwise very fine.
First printing, virtually unknown (Martin & Martin cite only the small-scale reprint of 1880; see Item 316 herein). "This large and handsome map is the finest military map of Texas and parts of New Mexico printed prior to the Civil War. It was never published in a regular sense, evidently being produced in small numbers only for the use of the Army and the Topographical Engineers.... Roads across Texas are shown in extensive detail, as are rivers, lakes, springs, creeks, crossings, water holes, Indian trails, pioneer routes, towns, camps, forts, ranches, and other topographical data. A wealth of detail appears throughout the map, the fruits of extensive experience gleaned from the Army surveys during the Mexican War, the boundary and railroad surveys, and military experience on the frontier in the 1840s and '50s. The map is sufficiently rare and unusual that some confusion has arisen regarding its publication history.... A most important map, one of the best illustrations of ante-bellum Texas and New Mexico, and a great cartographical achievement" (Reese 126:346). Day, p. 63.
Martin & Martin 45 (citing the 1880 small-scale version): "Shortly after assuming command of the Gulf in 1862 and while planning his offensives in New Orleans, Banks dispatched a report to Washington containing a map of the Texas region. The map had been prepared from various sources shortly before the war, and it was an excellent example of a military planning document.... The focus of the map was clearly on military considerationsavenues of communication and possible routes for troop movement. Roads across the territory were shown in great detail, accompanied by notes on the availability of wood and water, supplies, and stream crossings, as well as the nature of the topography and the passability of the terrain.... [The map] has served to document the status of the frontier in the Southwest immediately prior to the great American conflict." Phillips, America, p. 845.
GERMAN-TEXAN CARTOGRAPHER F. J.
INCLUDING A FINE ORIGINAL VIEW OF THE AUSTIN DAM &
A MANUSCRIPT MAP OF KIMBLE COUNTY
248. [ARCHIVE WITH MAP AND VIEW]. BLAU, F. G.
Author's bound blank book with blue paper, containing
memorabilia relating to his life and work, approximately
425 engraved, lithographed, printed, and manuscript items,
including: (1) [Original art work in pencil, ink, and wash,
view of the Austin Dam and powerhouse with steamer Ben
Hur, a pleasure craft that plied the lake, ca. 1895-99,
lettered]: John Orr, Wholesale Grocer and Importer;
9.8 x 29 cm; 3-7/8 x 7-3/8 inches); (2) [untitled pen and
ink manuscript map on draftsman tracing paper, of Kimble
County, ca. 1876-89]; 41 x 42 cm; 16-1/8 x 16-1/2 inches;
scale: approximately 15/16 inch = 1 mile. Various places
(mostly Germany, England, and Texas), 1858-ca. 1907. Small
folio, original dark brown roan over marbled boards. The
material in the book is mostly very good to very fine. The
binding is worn (spine partially absent, fragile boards
abraded). Manuscript ownership inscription of Blau on upper
cover: F. G. Blau 1858 Frankenhausen in
F. G. Blau came to Texas from Germany and worked as a cartographer for the Texas General Land Office in the 1870s and 1880s (see Lure of the Land, pp. 90, 123, 135, 205). Little is known of Blau's life, but a business card preserved in the scrapbook indicates that for a time he worked for the St. Louis lithographer August Gast Co., which executed many of the Texas General Land Office and railroad company maps of Texas counties at the end of the 1870s and through the 1880s. Blau's memorabilia provides insights into his interests, and could be used as a starting point for further researching his life and work.
The material is mostly German, but includes about fifty British and about a dozen Texas items. The collection includes business cards for wine merchants, inns and hotels, lithographers and printers, clothiers, milliners, button manufacturers, vintners and whiskey distillers, photographers, ironmongers, piano manufacturers and sellers, etc. Blau also preserved blank invoices for various businesses. His personal life is reflected in menus and wine lists; dance cards; engraved calling cards; and invitations to dances, balls, concerts, shooting matches, and the viewing of monumental religious paintings. On a more day-to-day level are apothecaries, tooth powder, and cigar labels. Many street and building views are part of the decorative elements on the invoices and business cards in the scrapbook.
The prize of this collection is the exquisite little painting of Lake McDonald (now Lake Austin) and the Dam at the end of the nineteenth century, showing a slice of Texas lost forever. The piece was obviously done by Blau as a workup for an advertisement or perhaps business card, but the lovely little view is much more than business or local history, being a rare form of artistic documentation of Texas in the nineteenth century by a trained artist. The scene shows two trolley cars to the right of the old power house and the jaunty steamer Ben Hur, which was one of the pleasures of late nineteenth-century Austin. The Ben Hur regularly made cruises to the head of the lake with dancing, moonlight cruises, vaudeville performances, dining, and other entertainments. Also shown is the old Victorian power house, which was swept away forever in the disastrous flood of 1900, which destroyed the Dam and left the Ben Hur sadly stranded aground at Bee Creek. A photograph in the Mabel H. Brooks Photograph Collection in the Texas State Library shows a similar scene.
The manuscript map of Kimble County (1870s or 1880s) is another highlight of this collection, documenting the type of cartographic work that Blau performed in Texas. Like Blau's other manuscript maps in the Texas General Land Office, this Kimble County map is characterized by Blau's customary precision, neatness, clarity, and expert draftsmanship. It is very unusual for an original manuscript map by Blau to be offered in the market, since most all of his maps were created for the General Land Office and have never been, and never will be available for acquisition. The county maps that Blau created represent a new era of Texas cartography, following the great general maps of De Cordova and others in which the overall picture of Texas finally evolved. It fell to cartographers like Blau to document the individual carving up of the geography of Texas into private and public land holdings.
Texas items other than the painting of the Austin Dam and the manuscript map of Kimble County include: (1) Blau's lithographed business card printed in blue, for August Gast Bank Note and Lithography Co. of St. Louis (verso with hand holding the card of F. J. Blau); (2) lithographed business card of Geo. Schneider & Co., Wholesale Dealers in Liquors & Cigars. Cor. Center & Strand Sts. Galveston, Texas; (3) lithographed business card of Dorbandt & Bruckmann, Manufacturers of Havana & Domestic Cigars. No. 1009 Congress Avenue, Austin, Texas, at lower left: F. J. Blau, Lith.; (4) Illustrated horticultural catalogue (8 pp., ca. 1890) for grape and strawberry varieties offered by pioneer Texas viticulturist T. V. Munson of Denison, Texas, who saved the French and European grape and wine industry from disaster in the late ninetieth century by providing hybrid grape rootstock that was resistant to the phylloxera plant louse, for which he received the medal of the French Legion of Honor; (5) halftone photographic illustrations of "Scene of the Burning of the Temporary Capitol" (clipped picture from the Austin Daily Tribune of October 2, 1899); "Congress Avenue, Austin, Texas"; and "Alamo Plaza San Antonio, Texas"; (6) Texas Masonic items, including a draft copy of a calligraphic resolution of the Capital Lodge mourning the death of J. M. Davis (deceased November 28, 1902, sheriff of Travis County and member of the lodge), Texas German newspaper clippings of "Beileidsbeschlüsse" expressing condolences on the death of Masons from Austin (including an obituary of A. B. Langermann, who was also a cartographer for the Texas General Land Office and worked with Pressler); etc.
SUPERB COPY OF THE DE CORDOVA-PRESSLER POCKET MAP OF TEXAS
249. [POCKET MAP]. DE CORDOVA, J[acob]. J. De
Cordova's Map of Texas Compiled from the Records of the
General Land Office of the State, by Robert Creuzbaur,
Published by J. H. Colton & Co...1858. New York,
1858. Pocket map, folded into original 16mo tan
blind-stamped pocket covers (supplied), gilt-lettered on
upper cover: DE CORDOVA'S MAP OF TEXAS (Colton's
printed ad on front pastedown). Engraved map in original
full color and bright rose outlining. 88.2 x 84 cm (34-3/4
x 33 inches). Scale: 1 inch = 20 miles. Inset text at upper
left: Reference to Land Districts. Inset map at
lower right: [Untitled map of the Transmississippi West]
(22.3 x 28.3 cm; 8-3/4 x 11-1/4 inches; scale not stated).
Lower left: Official seals of the General Land Office and
the State of Texas. Lower left below neat line: Revised
and Corrected by Charles W. Pressler. Elaborate vine
border, flourished lettering in title, engraved facsimile
of De Cordova's signature. The exceptionally fine Paul
Burns copy, with vivid coloring. Under glass, bird's-eye
maple framing. Handsome and important. All editions of De
Cordova's map are exceedingly rare in commerce.
This map is a revised edition of De Cordova's 1849 map, "possibly the finest of the period" (Eberstadt 162:241). This edition has the added panache of having been revised by Charles W. Pressler, the noted Prussian surveyor who immigrated to Texas in 1846 and worked for De Cordova and the General Land Office. In 1855 Charles W. Pressler was employed to revise the map, and publication rights were sold to Colton the same year. Colton issued the map at least four times (1856, 1857, 1858, and 1861), with each issue in turn revised to account for the tremendous development then occurring in the new state. The format remained generally unaltered, except for the complete redrawing of the inset, which previously had shown only Texas with its pre-1850 boundaries. Here the inset shows the West extending all the way to California.
"Having come to Texas as part of the German immigration into Texas, Pressler was keenly aware of the needs of potential immigrants.... After De Cordova employed Pressler to assist in correcting and revising his map of Texas...De Cordova sold his rights to J. H. Colton in 1855, at which time Pressler began work on a map of Texas on his own. In 1858 Pressler published a magnificent new map of Texas, one of the truly outstanding large scale maps of the state of Texas produced in the nineteenth century" (Martin & Martin 46, on Pressler).
Basic Texas Books 38n: "Sam Houston delivered a speech praising the map on the floor of the U.S. Senate...assert[ing] that it was `the most correct and authentic map of Texas ever compiled.'" Bryan & Hanak, p. 12: "De Cordova and Creuzbaur gave special attention to exactitude and meticulously plotted the locations of towns and villages, river sources and roads." Fifty Texas Rarities 36n (citing the 1849 issue): "Only nineteen years separate this map and Stephen F. Austin's, yet the contrast between the two is striking. During those years, Texas had been a part of Mexico, an independent republic, and a state of the U.S." Martin & Martin 39: "One of the first major cartographic productions after annexation to be based upon the records of the General Land Office"; Contours of Discovery, p. 57: "To meet the needs of new immigrants coming into the state, roads and rivers as well as the political divisions were carefully drawn." Wheat, Transmississippi West 603n.
"Jacob de Cordova came to Texas in 1837 and quickly became one of the new republic's most active promoters. He was responsible for a number of influential pamphlets and guidebooks. Hoping to cash in on the expected land boom following the Mexican War, De Cordova commissioned Robert Creuzbaur, an employee of the Texas General Land Office, to compile this map from the agency's records. The result is a very accurate and detailed map. Texas is shown in extremely large scale, with counties colored. De Cordova follows Austin's format in omitting all of Texas west of the hundred and first meridian from his map. Creuzbaur followed Austin's format and used an inset to show the western part of the state" (Taliaferro 295).
250. [BOOK]. DOMENECH, E[mmanuel]. Missionary
Adventures in Texas and Mexico: A Personal Narrative of Six
Years' Sojourn.... London: Longman, Brown, Green,
Longmans, and Roberts, 1858. xv  366 pp., engraved map
with original pink shading and routes in red: Map of
Texas Illustrating the Missions & Journeys of the Abbe
Em. Domenech (42.9 x 35 cm; 16-7/8 x 13-3/4 inches;
scale: 1 inch = 40 miles; legend). 8vo, original brown
cloth stamped in gilt and blind. Binding worn,
waterstained, and shelf slanted. Map with tape repair on
verso where joined to book block, generally the map is
First English edition (first published Paris, 1857). The excellent map, which is not listed by Wheat, follows De Cordova's conformation. Bradford 1350. Graff 1120. Howes D408. Plains & Rockies III:356an. Raines, pp. 69-70. Tate, Indians of Texas 2040: "Describes the 1840 Council House Fight as a plot by the Texans." The Handbook of Texas Online (Emmanuel Domenech): "[Domenech] may have been the first priest to be ordained in Texas.... The book describes the trials of early Catholic missionaries and is filled with vivid sketches of the Texas frontier and anecdotes about its people. He found Houston 'infested with Methodists and ants' and dismissed Austin, 'the seat of the Texian legislature,' as 'a small dirty town' with 'only one wretched hotel.' His colorfully detailed narrative of the establishment of the Catholic hierarchy in Texas, amid the tensions of the boundary disputes with Mexico and the devastation of an epidemic of cholera, has no counterpart." See Horgan's comments in The Great River (II, p. 793).
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