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34. ENGELHARDT, Zephyrin (1851-1934). The Missions and Missionaries of California. San Francisco:
James H. Barry Company, 1908-1912-1913-1915-1916. xxii, 654 + xlvi
 682 + xviii, 663 + xxvii  817 +  186 pp., frontispieces,
plates (halftones, views, portraits), maps (including 3 folding), 2
folding charts, text illustrations (some full-page), facsimiles, tipped-in
errata slip. 5 vols., 8vo, original brown cloth, gilt-lettered spines.
Other than minor shelf wear, very fine, with bookplates of R. J. A.
Boreman and Dr. Roger K. Larson.
In 1833, the Franciscan missions of Alta California had been secularized,
with their churches converted into parishes and lands distributed among
favored Mexican residents. Only in the relatively settled areas of
San Francisco, Monterey, Santa Bárbara, Los Angeles, and San Diego
did the mission churches somewhat survive as parish churches, but most
were abandoned and, with the passage of time, fell into ruin. Following
the Gold Rush, the creation of the Diocese of Monterey, and the incorporation
of California as a state of the Union, President Abraham Lincoln formally
restored most of the mission churches to the Church, and new immigration
from the eastern United States increased an interest in the still mysterious
and increasingly romantic Spanish past. In the decade of the 1880s
Hubert Howe Bancroft (q.v.) and Theodore Hittell (q.v.) produced detailed
histories of California, and public interest in the ruined missions
and their conservation began to grow. Nevertheless, a detailed, comprehensive
history of the missions of the Californias remained to be published.
Nineteenth-century U.S. historians, their excellent methodology notwithstanding,
were generally Protestant and the product of several waves of anti-Catholicism
evident in the century as well as anti-Spanish propaganda generated
in the Anglo-American world and, therefore, at best marginally informed
as to Catholic philosophy, theology, and liturgy, and the nature of the
——W. Michael Mathes
Item 34. Map of The Old Franciscan Missions in California in Englehardt’s Missions and Missionaries of California.
Item 34. Plate of the First Baptism in Upper California in Englehardt’s Missions and Missionaries of California.