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| 62. [REGLAMENTO]. CALIFORNIA
(Province). LAWS. Reglamento para el gobierno de la Provincia
de Californias. Aprobado por S. M. en Real Órden de 24. de octubre
de 1781. Mexico: Por D. Felipe de Zúñiga y Ontiveros, 1784. 
37  pp., engraved royal arms on title. Small folio, modern grey protective
wrappers. Expertly restored: four voids on title filled (touching
only one letter), chips and tears to blank margins neatly filled throughout.
Title moderately soiled, minor wormholes in blank lower margin of
middle portion of text, generally a very good copy of an exceedingly
rare, foundational book on California history. With Streeter’s penciled
provenance note on p. 1: “John Howell August 1937 $335.” The John
Howell–Thomas W. Streeter–Warren R. Howell–Henry H. Clifford copy.
Preserved in a full brown morocco folding box.
First edition of “the earliest collection of decrees and ordinances prepared for the government of Upper California.... Copies of the original are of excessive rarity” (Cowan I, pp. 186-87). Barrett, Baja California 4359. Cowan II, p. 526. Howell, Catalogue 40:16 (this copy): “Excessively rare.” Howes C60. Huntington Library, Zamorano 80...Exhibition of Famous and Notorious California Classics 62. LC, California Centennial 30. Libros Californianos, pp. 16, 20, 24 (selected by Bliss, Cowan, and Wagner as one of the twenty most important books for a California collection). Mathes, California Colonial Bibliography 63. Medina, México 7503. Sloan, Auction 1:27 (March, 1994, Warren R. Howell Copy 2, fetching $46,400). Streeter, Americana-Beginnings 76: “Fundamental regulation, affecting a great many California land titles.... Of great intrinsic interest. This Reglamento was the basis for the government of California until Mexico became independent.” Streeter Sale 2447 (present copy, illustrated in vol. 4 at p. 1741 in its state before restoration). Wagner, Spanish Southwest 166. Zamorano 80 #62. ($125,000-250,000)
|62A. [REGLAMENTO]. ARRILLAGA,
Basilio José. Recopilación de leyes, decretos, bandos, reglamentos,
circulares y providencias de los supremos poderes y otras autoridades
de la República Mexicana. Formada de órden del supremo gobierno...de
enero a diciembre de 1828. Mexico: J. M. Fernández de Lara, 1838.
 297 [37, indices] [1, errata] pp. 8vo, contemporary full Mexican
tree sheep, spine gilt-lettered, sprinkled edges. Light shelf wear,
otherwise very fine, interior crisp and clean. This copy belonged to Miss
Rosario Curletti, noted collector who helped endow the Santa Barbara
Mission Archive and Library. Laid in is original invoice of Bennett
and Marshall dated May 16, 1857, to Miss Curletti.
First collected edition of the laws of Mexico for 1828, containing the second printing of the Reglamento para el gobierno de la Provincia de Californias (pp. 121-75). Howell 50, California 158: “The Mexican province of Alta California continued to be governed by these laws until they were superseded by American law in 1850. The present edition is unknown to Cowan and Wagner, and is not recorded in Zamorano 80. In addition to the Reglamento, this volume contains a number of decrees pertaining to the Californias, including an ordinance determining the strength of garrisons at the Presidio of San Francisco, Monterey, Santa Barbara, and San Diego.” Howes C60. Sabin 2108. Streeter Sale 2490: “This edition was long overlooked by bibliographers.” Arrillaga’s collected laws of Mexico 1828-1838 (published in 13 volumes 1833-1842) are a basic source on California, Texas, and the Southwest during the Mexican era. ($400-800)
62B. [REGLAMENTO]. CALIFORNIA (Province).
LAWS. Regulations for Governing the Province of the Californias....
[With]: Reglamento para el gobierno de la Provincia
de Californias. Aprobado por S. M. en real órden de 24. de octubre
de 1781.... San Francisco: Grabhorn Press, 1929.
 55 [1, blank] [1, colophon] +  55 [1, blank]   pp.,
decorated or ornamental titles, 16 initials printed in sepia. 2 vols.,
8vo, original black cloth over marbled boards, printed paper spine
labels. Very fine.
As a means of improving political and military administration, and
thereby, defense of the northern frontier against potential English
and French incursions, Visitor General José de Gálvez planned the
creation of two entities similar to captaincy generalities, beginning
with the Comandancy General of the Provincias Internas of the Viceroyalty
of New Spain, to extend from Texas westward to the Californias. By
Royal Order of Carlos III in the fateful year of 1776, the new political
entity was officially created and Teodoro de Croix was appointed
as commandant general. Following extensive visitation, Croix recognized
the immensity of territory included and divided the entity into an
eastern and western division. The Provincias Internas del Occidente
were to comprise the provinces of Alta and Baja California, Sonora, and
Pimería Alta, the latter finally communicating with Alta California
by a land route established through the Colorado Desert by Juan Bautista
de Anza between 1774 and 1776. Thus, the seat of government for the
western Provincias Internas was established at Arizpe in Sonora by
——W. Michael Mathes
Item 62B. Detail from the Grabhorn edition in English of the Reglamento.