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Auction 14: Americana

Lots 31-33: California Maps

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Pocket Map of California in 1860

31. [MAP: CALIFORNIA]. VINCENT. Map of the State of California Compiled from the Most Recent Surveys and Explorations Containing All the Latest Discoveries and Newest Towns. By Vincent. [View at top left and center measuring 10 x 36.8 cm; 14 x 14-1/2 inches]: Panorama of San Francisco and Contra Costa. [Lower right below panorama]: Taylor. [Inset map at lower right measuring 12.3 x 11.5 cm; 4-3/4 x 4-1/2 inches]: San Francisco and Its Surrounding Localities 1860. [Below neatline]: Engraved by Ch. Smith Printed by Mangeon S Jacques St. [Paris or San Francisco, 1860]. Engraved map, California counties with full hand color (pastel shades of green, yellow, pink, blue, violet, and maize), 36.9 x 49.5 cm; 14-1/2 x 19-1/2 inches. Folded into pocket folder: 16mo (14.2 x 9.7 cm; 5-9/16 x 3-15/16 inches), original dark blue ribbed cloth with title lettered in gilt on upper cover (A NEW MAP OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA 1860), marbled endpapers. Professionally restored, deacidified, a few splits to folds and most folds neatly reinforced with archival tissue, but generally the map is very fine and clean with good color retention. A few air pockets to upper cover, lower cover lightly stained, and gilt lettering dull. Overall a very good copy, with book label and brief pencil notes of Thomas W. Streeter and initials of Edward Eberstadt. Preserved in a cloth chemise and slipcase of dark blue morocco over blue cloth. Provenance: Eberstadt-Streeter-Howell.

    First edition. Anderson Sale 1604:131 (described in 1921 as “extremely rare” and fetching $70). Howell 50, California 50:913. Streeter Sale 2857: “Shows a line of railroad from San Francisco to San Jose and from Benecia to Marysville. The counties are as in the Goddard map of 1847. The most interesting feature of this map is the view of San Francisco and Contra Costa.”

Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Region 317: “Many towns are shown in the mining region, but the map is neither as complete nor as accurate as might have been expected, considering its date. It is, however, a very decorative and charming affair.”

Wheat, “Twenty-Five California Maps,” map 23: “[Vincent’s] map does not attempt great detail in the mining region, but is of interest as a transitional map, preceding by one year the map by Farley on which Death Valley was apparently first named. Vincent’s map is tastefully colored, and forms a delightful little example of the cartography of the period.”

     This map of California and portions of Oregon Territory, Utah Territory, and Mexico has an unusual orientation, showing California facing east instead of north. The panorama is similar to California pictorial letter sheets utilizing Henry Payot’s view of San Francisco from Nob Hill to the east over North Beach with the harbor and bay in the background and architecture carefully delineated (see Baird, California’s Pictorial Letter Sheets 235, 236 & 317).

California as an Island

32. [MAP: CALIFORNIA AS AN ISLAND]. [KINO, Eusebio Francisco (after)]. FER, Nicolas de. Cette Carte de Californie et du Nouveau Mexique, est tirée de celle qui a êté envoyée par un grand d’Espagne pour être communiquée a Mrs. de l’Academie Royale des Sciences par N. de Fer Geographe de Monseigneur le Dauphin avec privilege du Roy. 1705. A Paris dans l’Isle du Palais sur le quay del’Orloge a la Sphere Royale. Paris, 1705. Copper-engraved map with contemporary outline coloring (pale blue and yellow). 22.8 x 34.2 cm (9 x 13-1/2 inches). Simple line cartouche; small compass rose; [at upper and right margins]: Noms... [314 place locations keyed to numbers]; [lower left above border]: C. Inselin Sculpr. Contemporary ink manuscript notation at top right blank margin: “109.” Very fine and fresh.

    First edition, second issue (originally published as map 141 in Fer’s L’Atlas curieux published at Paris in 1700) of an important and immensely detailed map with a large and clearly defined rendering of California as an island. Leighly, California as an Island 110n. McLaughlin, The Mapping of California as an Island 134. Tooley, California as an Island 62: “Highly important map.... Very unusual.” Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast 462. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 78 & I, pp. 45-46: “[One of] two important maps which appeared at the very close of the seventeenth century.... The prototype was probably drawn by Sigüenza.... This map’s author seems to have had access to many of Father Eusebio Kino’s early notes. California is still an island, but in what is now southern Arizona is the interesting legend ‘Cala [for Casa] Grande descubierto 27 Nov. 1694.’ This notation, even to repetitions of the date, was used on a multitude of maps over a number of years. It refers to the discovery of Casa Grande by Father Eusebio Kino in November 1694.”
    This map, one of three maps pirated by Nicholas de Fer from Father Kino, was one of the first to show Kino’s important discoveries in the Southwest. It is sometimes referred to as the last significant map to show California as an island. Burrus, Kino and the Cartography of Northwestern New Spain, plate 14, pp. 65-66: “Charles Inselin engraved Kino’s 1695-1696 map, and Nicolas de Fer published it in [1700 and] 1705...omitting Kino’s title and summary of expeditions to California, and without a word of acknowledgment to him. To save space Fer designated the mainland settlements by numbers (1 to 314) and then gave their respective names in a special list. In the map’s legend Fer observed: ‘This map of California and New Mexico is derived from the one sent by a grandee of Spain to be given to the Royal Academy of Sciences. [It is published] by N. de Fer, geographer of his Highness the Dauphin; with royal privilege, 1705, Paris, on the island of the palace, at the quay of the clock near the royal sphere.’”

“Landmark Map of North America” (Burden)

33. [MAP: CALIFORNIA AS AN ISLAND]. SANSON, N[icolas]. Amérique septentrionale par N. Sanson d’Abbeville Geog. du Roy A Paris chez l’auteur et chez Pierre Mariette rue S. Iacques a l[’]Esperáce 1650. Avec privilege du Roy pour vingt Ans. [Lower right above border]: A Peyrounin Sculp. Copper-engraved map with contemporary outline color (yellow, orange, green, and brown). 39 x 55.3 cm (15-5/16 x 21-3/4 inches), decorative cartouche of fruit on banderole at upper right. An excellent, fresh example, with vibrant period outline coloring.

    First edition, second state, with a new coastline to the northwest of California; place-names to north (Anian, Quivira, and Nouvelle Albion) erased; Conibas moved to west; Azores depicted; Lake Ontario still unshaded along its shores; longitude and latitude numerals every five degrees rather than ten. Burden, The Mapping of North America 294: “The first extremely rare [two copies located]; the second is also uncommon.... Landmark map of North America.... Perhaps most important for being the first printed map to delineate the five Great Lakes in a recognizable form.... The first to name Lakes Superior and Ontario.... The majority of the cartography of New France was new and would remain as the most accurate until superseded by Coronelli in 1688.”
    Heckrotte, “Nicholas Sanson’s Map of North America, 1650: An Apparently Unrecorded First State” (The Map Collector 12), pp. 33-36 (discussing the rare first issue). Karpinski 8. Leighly, California as an Island, p. 33 & plate 7: “Shows an island of the Briggs configuration but with additions that make it a new type.” Lowery 136. McLaughlin, The Mapping of California as an Island 12. Schwartz & Ehrenberg, The Mapping of America, plate 61. Streeter Sale 39 (third state). Tooley, California as an Island 7. Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast 360. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 47 & I, p. 39. See also California 49: Forty-Nine Maps of California from the Sixteenth Century to the Present, map 10 (discussing the reissue of the western half of the present map in 1657, under the title Audience de Guadalajara, Nouveau Mexique, Californie, &c.).
    This map, the first to depict North America using a sinusoidal projection, showed continental size to best advantage and typified Sanson’s concern with scientific exactness. Sanson, who is considered the father of French cartography, had such an impeccable reputation that this map contributed to the longevity of the myth of California as an island. Sanson’s credibility was built on his insistence on presenting only cartographical data that could be verified by explorers (here his sources were De Soto and Coronado). This map is a foundation stone for the cartography of the Southwest and the borderlands, presenting the first real advance in the region in decades. “The monotony of...representations of imaginary geography was broken by Sanson, geographer to the French King, who in 1650 sired a curious map of North America combining with the older geography new factual information” (Wheat, vol. I, p. 39). “Sanson had certain privileges such as access to the latest official geographical knowledge” (Cohen, Mapping the West, p. 42). This map also presents significant ethnological information. “Apaches” and “Navajo” appear here for the first time on a printed map. Also named and located are “Apaches Vaqueros” (Apache cowboys); Cohen notes that Coronado called these peoples Querechos (buffalo eaters). Finally, this was the first printed map to show Santa Fé [“S. Fe”] as the capital of New Mexico (see note to Martin & Martin 10 & Tooley 7).

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