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Auction 14: Americana
39. [MAP: UNITED STATES]. CASE, TIFFANY & CO.
The United States from the Latest Authorities Published by Case,
Tiffany & Co. Hartford. Undated. Lithographed map on bank note
paper with original color on states and territories (rose, yellow, green,
and pale blue). 54.5 x 101 cm (21-1/2 inches x 39-1/2 inches). At right
upper margin is Explanation, a key with symbols for capitals,
towns, counties, canals, railroads, courthouses. Creased where formerly
folded, a few clean splits at fold, two small oxidation spots on New
Mexico, but generally fine with good color retention.
The map is from John Hayward’s A Gazetteer of the United States of America (Hartford, 1853). Sabin 31070. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 664 & III, pp. 148-149: “A fine specimen, possibly in part based on the Typographical Engineer’s map of ‘1850’ that was really 1851. Without going into details, it is clear and definite in the West. There are the usual widespread territories for Utah, New Mexico, and Oregon, while the not-yet-existing Nebraska covers a vast area east of the Rocky Mountains from the Canadian border to Texas and New Mexico. The Gila is the southern border, and California has approximately its present shape. Names now appear in the central valley, for example, Marysville and Yuba City, Fremont, Vernon, Boston, Sacramento City, Webster, Stockton, Stanislaus, and ‘N.York,’ in the valley, ‘Brophy’s Ranch’ (on the Yuba), ‘Lucha City’ (on the same stream), and Jamestown (in the southern diggins), but no other place names in the mines. This is a strange mixture of up-to-date information, and much that goes back for years.” Texas is shown with a misformed, drooping Big Bend, and an apocryphal “Old Spanish Military Road from Santa Fe to San Antonio” is delineated. “City of the Great Salt Lake Mormon Sett[lement]” is indicated in Utah. Frémont’s routes of exploration are shown.
40. [MAP: UNITED STATES]. GILMAN, E. Untitled map of the United States and western territories, including California, Texas, and Mexico, showing boundaries after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, with tables of text at sides setting out areas of Western territories and eastern states [below neat line]: E. Gilman, Draftsman P. S. Duval’s Lithy., Press Philada. [Washington, 1848]. Lithographed map with original shading and outline color (blue, grey, green, rose, yellow, pink); map measures 35 x 55.2 cm (13-3/4 x 21-3/4 inches); map and text overall measures 35 x 85 cm (13-3/4 x 33-1/2 inches). Small chip from upper blank corner, neatly restored and folds mended, generally fine.
This little-known but important map documents the changes in the U.S. landscape due to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Garrett & Goodwin, The Mexican-American War, p. 414. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 561 & III, p. 50; Maps of the California Gold Region 42. The map appeared in the following report: UNITED STATES. PRESIDENT. (James K. Polk). Message of the President of the United States to the Two Houses of Congress. At the Commencement of the Second Session of the Thirtieth Congress. Washington: HRED1, 1848. We have occasionally found this map in another government report: UNITED STATES. PRESIDENT (Zachary Taylor). California and New Mexico. Message from the President of the United States, Transmitting Information in Answer to a Resolution of the House of the 31st of December, 1849, on the Subject of California and New Mexico. [Washington]: HED17, 1850 (see Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 105 and Plains & Rockies IV:179a&b). It may also have appeared in a General Land Office document.
41. [MAP: UNITED STATES, LOWER CANADA, MEXICO & CENTRAL AMERICA]. CASE, TIFFANY & COMPANY. Map of the United States Hartd. Published by Case Tiffany & Company 1851. Lithographed map on bank note paper with original color on states and countries (rose, yellow, green, and pale blue), 60.2 x 61 cm (23-5/8 x 24 inches). At right upper margin is Explanation, a key with symbols for capitals, towns according to size, missionary stations, courthouses, forts, canals, military posts, and mines. 2 vignettes: (1) Capital at Washington; (2) Washington (oval bust portrait of George Washington with national emblem above and vine border below). Creased where formerly folded and a few pinholes at folds (no losses), otherwise very fine and crisp.
The United States is shown shortly after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Texas is in its modern configuration, but the state is distorted by stretching to the east and by a Rio Grande that flows more vertically north to south than it really does. The border between New Mexico and Mexico runs southwest from El Paso before turning up to the Gila River. Yucatan is colored as separate from Mexico. The firm of Case, Tiffany & Co. did not produce a great number of maps but the few they produced have a unique look, being on bank note paper, using the same color scheme with a predominance of pink, and with a slightly angular slant to the territories delineated. It seems likely they produced the maps that appeared in various editions of Niles’s History of South America and Mexico that appeared in various editions in Hartford in the 1830s (see Streeter 1285).