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Auction 15: Fine Collection of Californiana Formed by Daniel G. Volkmann Jr.

Lots 128-131: Gold Region Maps--Jackson's, Lawson's & Colton's

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“By Far the Best of the Maps of the Gold Region Published to That Time” (Streeter)

128. [MAP: GOLD REGIONS]. JACKSON, W[illia]m A. Map of the Mining District of California, by Wm. A. Jackson. [below neat line]: Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1850 by Theodore A. Mudge in the Clerk’s Office in the District Court of the Southern District of New York | Lambert & Lane’s Lith. No. 69 Wall St, N. Y. Lithographed map (44.3 x 43 cm; 17-1/4 x 16-7/8 inches; no printed scale, but between 9 and 10 miles to the inch), folded into original pocket folder (16mo, contemporary limp plain brown leather-covered stiff paper boards with vellum lining), with accompanying 12-page letterpress text: Appendix to Jackson’s Map of the Mining District of California [New York, 1850] (on p. 12, the text is dated December 30, 1849). Map stained on both sides (mostly from old adhesive), more so on right, with new backing, and reattached to covers with original vellum lining laid in separately, new stitching. With printed book label of John Marshall Topham, Jr., laid in. In half brown morocco folding case with rawhide ties. A complete copy of an extremely rare item. Map neatly restored, with pencil note that the map and text were deacidified in 1975.

    First edition, with guide in 12 pp. and map dated 1850 (cf. Streeter Sale 2665 for the second edition, with guide in 16 pp. and map dated 1851). California 49: Forty-Nine Maps of California from the Sixteenth Century to the Present (Gary F. Kurutz) 31: “Jackson’s map must be regarded as one of the best to cartographically describe the frenzy of the California Gold Rush.... Captain Jackson, a mining engineer who had personally explored the region, delineated the major mining centers of 1849 and the road and trails leading to this auriferous territory.” Howell 50, California 123 (see plate, which shows this copy before restoration). Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 358a. Libros Californianos, p. 30. Norris 2390. Streeter Sale 2637: “The text gives brief descriptions of San Francisco, Sacramento City, Stockton, and thirteen smaller towns or mining villages.... The Jackson map, which extends from below the Mariposa River on the south to a little above the 39-1/2 parallel on the north, is, I believe, by far the best of the maps of the gold region published to that time. It is on the large scale of about nine miles to the inch, and is skillfully drawn, showing the rivers and roads clearly and indicating a great number of separate mining districts. As the text of the Appendix is dated at the beginning ‘California, Dec. 1849’ and at the end on p. 12, ‘Dec. 30, 1849,’ it could hardly have been published in New York until some time in February, 1850.–TWS.” Wheat, Maps of the Gold Region 161 & plate: “This excellent early map includes all the important diggings of 1849 and early 1850, and is important in connection with the development of the gold region.” The map, to which certain revisions and updates were made, was reprised without credit by Robert H. Ellis in 1850.

129. [MAP: GOLD REGIONS]. [JACKSON, William A.]. Appendix to Jackson’s Map of the Mining Districts of California. Bringing Down All the Discoveries since 1849, to the Present Time, of the Placers and All Descriptions of Vein Mines, to Which So Much Attention Is at This Time Directed. Also, the New Towns Built and Located, with the Boundaries of the Counties, and the Seats of Justice in Each. Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged. New York: Lambert & Lane, 1851. 16 pp. (wants map). 16mo, original gilt-lettered embossed brown cloth (neatly rebacked with brown cloth). Rubbed, spotted, and stained, title page darkened, lower hinge open, rear flyleaves waterstained, light uniform age toning. A made-up copy with text block inserted from another copy and the last leaf apparently supplied from another copy.
    Second edition of preceding. Cf. California 49: Forty-Nine Maps of California from the Sixteenth Century to the Present (Gary F. Kurutz) 31. Graff 2178. Howell 50, California 549. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 358b. Norris 2386. Rocq 15877. Streeter Sale 2665: “The text has been considerably rewritten and also enlarged. Several new towns are described, especially Vallejo, which the legislature had recently made the state capital in place of San Jose. There are new sections on quartz mines, silver and lead mines, and agriculture.” Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Region 196. One of the additions to the guide in this second edition is Jackson’s sobering caution: “We could advise any one who is doing well at home, not to venture to California” (p. 15).
    With the appendix is the following useful modern work with a facsimile of Jackson’s 1850 map: JACKSON, W[illia]m A. Map of the Mining District of California by Wm. A. Jackson...1850. Photolithographed facsimile map (43 x 43.5 cm; 16-7/8 x 17-1/8 inches), folded into original pocket folder (16mo, original gilt red cloth), and with accompanying facsimile text: Appendix to Jackson’s Map of the Mining District of California with introductory leaf preceding facsimile title. [San Francisco: Grabhorn Press, 1936]. Very fine. Limited edition (150 copies privately printed for Thomas W. Norris). Grabhorn 258. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 358c. Norris 2387. The introductory leaf before the facsimile title pages states: “Several years ago I was fortunate to find a Jackson’s map of the mining district of California, 1850, in New York. No mention of this map appeared in any bibliographies. This year John Howell of San Francisco procured a map with the appendix, here reproduced in facsimile. Thos. W. Norris, Livermore, Calif., December 25, 1936.”

130. [MAP: GOLD REGIONS]. LAWSON, John T. Lawson’s Map from Actual Survey of the Gold, Silver, and Quicksilver Regions of Upper California, Exhibiting the Mines, Diggings, Roads, Paths, Houses, Mills, Stores, Missions, &c. &c. New York: Dewitt & Davenport and Snyder, [1849]. Lithographed map. 36.6 x 53 cm; 14-3/8 x 20-7/8 inches. Scale 1 inch = 10 miles. Creased where folded, very light foxing at upper left corner, minor wrinkling, otherwise very fine. Preserved in a green cloth folding box.

    First edition of the second separately issued map of the gold region. This map, extending from 30° north to 40° north and east to the summit of the Sierras, was preceded only by Larkin’s map of 1848, which showed only the Sacramento Valley. The present copy shows no signs of ever having been issued in a folder and was probably a separate. Howell 50, California 143A: “This map is an almost exact duplicate of Ord’s 1848 topographical survey with a few minor alterations and additions. Lawson was a surveyor in San Francisco and the map was heavily promoted in New York and the East as the most important map available for those going to California.” Littell 627. Streeter Sale 2541: “Large scale maps, such as this, are the only satisfactory ones for the gold region. From 1849 on almost every map showing California at all indicates the ‘gold region’ in color or otherwise, but, with exceptions, on such a small scale as to be of little value, especially for the use of a miner or prospector.” Wheat Mapping the Transmississippi West 625; Maps of the California Gold Region 102.

131. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. COLTON, J[oseph] H[utchins]. Map of the United States the British Provinces Mexico &c. Showing the Routes of the U.S. Mail Steam Packets to California, and a Plan of the Gold Region. New York: Colton, 1849. Pocket map and accompanying text (Particulars of Routes, Distances, Fare, etc. to Accompany Colton's Map of California and the Gold Region, 11 pp.). Lithographed map (46 x 61 cm; 18-1/8 x 24 inches), original outline coloring (boundaries in pink, routes in blue, gold regions in yellow), folded into original 16mo, dark blue blind-stamped cloth covers with white paper label printed in blue.

Scale: 1 inch = approximately 230 miles. Two insets at left: (1) Map of the Gold Region; (2) California and Pyramid Lake, Upper California. Inset at right: From New York to San Francisco via Cape Horn. Table of distances below, ships at sea, and ornate grapevine border. Covers missing two portions at spine (expertly replaced in matching cloth), spine expertly reinforced, a few short splits at folds of map (no losses), one fold reinforced, left edge at attachment wanting some of the blank margin, light waterstaining at left affecting gold region inset, light age toning and browning to folds (more visible on verso), but generally just about fine in excellent covers and with the original printed label that is often missing. Preserved in a half burgundy morocco slipcase and chemise.

    First edition. Braislin 446: "Extremely rare." Graff 835. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 149: "The text accompanying Colton's map includes interesting explanatory information on the routes and long quotations from President Polk and Walter Colton on the prospects in California." Phillips, America, p. 900. Plains & Rockies IV:164a (new entry). Streeter Sale 2534: "Emigrant routes from Independence to Walla Walla, to San Francisco via Bent's Fort, to San Diego via Bent's Fort and Santa Fe, and to San Diego from the Texas coast via Mexico, are shown by blue lines. This appears to be the first Colton map showing the gold fields." Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 591; Maps of the California Gold Region 70. This map was used in works by Robinson, Foster, Frémont, and Emory.

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