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Auction 15: Fine Collection of Californiana Formed by Daniel G. Volkmann Jr.

Lots 162 & 163: The Ringgolds

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162. RINGGOLD, Cadwalader. A Series of Charts, with Sailing Directions, Embracing Surveys of the Farallones, Entrance to the Bay of San Francisco, Bays of San Francisco and San Pablo, Straits of Carquines and Suisun Bay, Confluence and Deltic Branches of the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers, and the Sacramento River (with the Middle Fork) to the American River, Including the Cities of Sacramento and Boston, State of California. Washington: Printed by Jno. T. Towers, 1851. 44 pp., 11 lithographed plates on tinted grounds (including frontispiece), coastal profiles and views, 6 folded lithographed maps (the maps, except the first, all have the following text somewhere beneath the neat line: C. B. Graham, Lithr. Washington, D.C.; Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1851 by Cadwalader Ringgold in the Clerks Office of the District Court for the United States in the District of Columbia). 4to, original purple cloth, upper cover stamped in gilt (“Memoir And Maps Of California Ringgold US Navy 1851” and showing an eagle holding a banner and anchor beneath whom Columbia sits holding the shield of California with a bear asleep at her feet, the whole surrounded by an elaborate frame with dolphins and banners), repeated in blind on the rear cover. Binding sunned, lower joint starting at top, light offsetting of plates, sheets uniformly age-toned, minor tears (no losses) in a few of the folded maps, otherwise, an excellent copy of a fragile book. Author’s presentation in ink on title page: “For the Hon. Ruben Robie of NYK with the respects of the Author,” and with Robie’s ink stamp on the front pastedown.

The plates are:

Frontispiece: View of Sacramento City from the west bank [lower left in image]: Edwin Cullberg; [lower right in image]: Wm. H. Dougal.

Entrance to San Francisco [lower left in image]: C. Ringgold U.S.N. [lower right in image]: W. H. Dougal. (p. 9)


View of San Francisco from Yerba Buena Island [lower right in image]: W. H. Dougal. (p. 11)

View of Monte Diablo from Garnet Island [lower left]: E. Gullberg [lower right]: W. H. Dougal. (p. 18)

View of Benicia from the Anchorage East of Seal Island [lower left]: S. F. Blunt U.S.N. [lower right]: W. H. Dougal. (p. 25)

View of Monte Diablo from Forks of the Sacramento [lower left]: E. Cullberg [lower right]: W. H. Dougal. (p. 26)

Entrance to the Sacramento River [lower left in image area]: Edwin Cullberg [lower right]: W. H. Dougal (p. 26)

[Left]: Mark for the Invincible Buoy Point Smith, east end of Angel I. on with Signal Hill [lower left in image]: S. F. Blunt U.S.N. [lower right in image area]: W. H. Dougal; [right]: Mark for Invincible Buoy North extreme of Marin Is. on with Clump of trees north of San Rafael [lower left in image area]: S. F. Blunt [lower right in image area]: W. H. Dougal. (p. 31)

Mark for Tongue Shoal [lower left in image area]: E. Cullberg [lower right]: W. H. Dougal. (p. 37)

Mark for entering the second section of the Middle Fork on the Sacramento River [lower left]: Edwin Cullburg [lower right]: W. H. Dougal. (p. 37)

Marks for entering the Sacramento and its Forks at their confluence [lower left in image area]: Edwin Cullberg [lower right in image area]: W. H. Dougal. (p. 37)

Map list:

(1) General Chart Embracing Surveys of the Farallones Entrance to the Bay of San Francisco Bays of San Francisco and San Pablo Straits of Carquines and Suisun Bay and the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers to the Cities of Sacramento and San Joaquin California by Cadwalader Ringgold Commander U. S. Navy. 1850. Constructed, Projected and Drawn by Fred D. Stuart, Hydrographer, late of the U. S. Ex. Ex. assisted by Chas. Everett Jr. Draughtsman and Inscribed to William H. Aspinwall Esq. City of New York (51 x 77 cm; 20-1/8 x 30-3/8 inches), 16.5 cm (6-1/2-inch) tear at text block, otherwise very fine.

(2) Chart of the Farallones and Entrance to the Bay of San Francisco California by Cadwalader Ringgold Commander, U. S. Navy Assisted by Simon F. Blunt, Lieut. U. S. Navy 1850. Constructed, Projected and Drawn by Fred. D. Stuart, Hydrographer, late of the U. S. Ex. Ex. [left below neat line]: C. B. Graham, Lithr. Washington, D.C. (51.1 x 77.2 cm; 20-1/8 x 30-3/8 inches), 25 cm (10-inch) tear at text block, otherwise very fine. This map also repeats the image of Entrance to San Francisco (see above plate list).


(3) Chart of the Bay of San Pablo Straits of Carquines and part of the Bay of San Francisco California by Cadwalader Ringgold Commander, U. S. Navy Assisted by Simon F. Blunt, Lieut. U. S. N. 1850. Constructed, Projected and Drawn by Fred. D. Stuart, Hydrographer, late of the U. S. Ex. Ex. Assisted by A. H. Campbell, Civil Engineer. [right below neat line]: C. B. Graham, Lithr. Washington, D.C. (77.8 x 51.2 cm; 30-5/8 x 20-1/8 inches), very fine. This map also repeats the images of the two views of Mark for Invincible Buoy (see above plate list).

(4) Chart of Suisun & Vallejo Bays with the Confluence of the Rivers Sacramento and San Joaquin California by Cadwalader Ringgold Commander U. S. Navy Assisted by Sam R. Knox, Lieut. U. S. N. and Wm. P. Humphreys & J. H. Rowe Engineers. 1850. Constructed, Projected and Drawn by Fred. D. Stuart, Hydrographer, late of the U. S. Ex. Ex. assisted by John Tyssowski Draughtsman. [left below neat line]: C. B. Graham, Lithr. Washington, D.C. (51.1 x 77 cm; 20-1/8 x 30-3/8 inches), 2.5 cm (1-inch) tear at text block, otherwise very fine. This map also repeats the images of the View of Benica, Mark for Tongue Shoal, and Entrance to the Sacramento River (see above plate list).

(5) Chart of the Sacramento River from Suisun City to the American River California by Cadwalader Ringgold Commander, U. S. Navy Assisted by Edwin Cullberg, Lieut. of the Hydrotechnic Corps Swedish Navy and T. A. Emmet, Civil Engineer 1850 Projected, Constructed & Drawn by Fred. D. Stuart, Hydrographer, late of the U. S. Ex. Ex. assisted by A. H. Campbell, Civil Engineer. (76.2 x 51.1 cm; 30 x 20-1/8 inches), with insets (clockwise from upper left): Part Of The River Sacramento showing the location Of The Cities Of Sacramento And Boston; Confluence of the Sacramento River and its Middle & West Forks; Suisun City and part of the Sacramento River. [left below neat line]: C. B. Graham, Lithr. Washington, D.C. 7.5 cm (3-inch) tear at text block, wrinkled along right side, otherwise fine. This map also repeats the images of Sacramento City from the west bank, Marks for entering the Sacramento and its Forks, and Marks for entering the second section (see above plate list).

(6) [Six charts on one sheet clockwise from upper left]: (1) Straits of Carquines and Vallejo Bay by Cadwalader Ringgold, U. S. N. 1850.; (2) Depot of the Pacific Mail Steam Company Benicia; (3) Anchorage off Sacramento City by Cadwalader Ringgold, U. S. N. 1850.; (4) Anchorage off New York of the Pacific by Cadwalader Ringgold, U. S. N. 1850.; (5) Anchorage off San Francisco by Cadwalader Ringgold U. S. N. 1850.; (6) Vallejo and Mare Island Strait from the U.S. Coast Survey. 1850. [left below neat line]: C. B. Graham, Lithr. Washington, D.C. (51.4 x 77.1 cm; 20-1/4 x 30-3/8 inches), 18 cm (7-inch) tear at text block, otherwise very fine.
    Second edition, second issue, first illustrated edition. This 44-page issue was first issued without maps or plates this same year; here, the sheets are unchanged but the maps and plates have been added. This second edition was preceded by an unillustrated edition of 48 pp., also this same year. Braislin 1555. Cowan II, pp. 533-534n. Howes R303 (calling for 8 plates). Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 536c (calling for 8 plates). Norris 3732. Peters, California on Stone, II, pp. 112-113 (listing 12 images on 11 sheets, the plates being the same as those here). Sabin 71425 (calling for 8 plates). Streeter Sale 2679 (calling for 11 plates): “The charts, which include much of the shore and give many place names, together with the views give a picture of how the country from the Golden Gate to Sacramento appeared in 1850, which is of great interest.... The plates in the 1851 edition are certainly preferable to those in the 1852 edition.”

    Based on the results of Ringgold’s surveys of 1849-1850, this publication, which produced the most accurate charts up until that time of the areas covered, was of immense practical value to the “intelligent practical navigators” for whom they were intended. According to his introduction, Ringgold was persuaded by the citizens of San Francisco to undertake the task of accurately surveying the seaward approaches to the coast and the interior because of the vast amount of ship traffic that the area endured because of the Gold Rush and because, more ominously, of the “thousands of human beings...anxiously flocking thither, often in open boats, ill suited to the exposed navigation leading to the interior” (p. [5]). His introduction is a model of apparently sincere nineteenth-century graciousness and courtesy toward those who assisted him. The text comprises detailed instructions for mariners and includes very flattering remarks about the area. The book was so popular that it went to a fifth edition by 1852.
    The plates were executed by prominent engraver William H. Dougal, who also illustrated Wilkes and Marcy. Many of the original drawings are by Swedish Navy officer Edwin Cullburg (or Cullberg) who was with Ringgold’s survey. Curtis Burr Graham, who lithographed the maps (and probably the plates, too), was the longtime lithographer for the U.S. Coast Survey. As Peters notes of the various manifestations of Graham’s firm, “All their work has an extraordinary excellence” (I, p. 198), an opinion confirmed here by the delicate, beautiful plates. Ringgold (1802-1867), a professional U.S. Navy officer, had a checkered career despite some brilliant successes during difficult missions.
($2,000-4,000)


163. RINGGOLD, Cadwalader. A Series of Charts, with Sailing Directions, Embracing Surveys of the Farallones, Entrance to the Bay of San Francisco, Bays of San Francisco and San Pablo, Straits of Carquines and Suisun Bay, Confluences and Deltic Branches of the Sacramento and San Joaquin River (with the Middle Fork) to the American River, Including the Cities of Sacramento and Boston, State of California. Fourth Edition, With Additions. Washington: Printed by Jno. T. Towers, 1852. 48 pp., 8 lithographed plates on tinted grounds (including frontispiece), 6 folded lithographed maps. 4to, original plum gilt-pictorial cloth stamped as in the 1851 edition, above. Spine faded and slightly frayed, covers faded and frayed, front hinge open, front flyleaf separated, rear hinge starting, text and plates moderately foxed, text block loose in binding, overall a good copy, the maps fine.

Plate list:

Frontispiece: View of San Francisco from Yerba Buena Island. [lower right in image area]: W. H. Dougal

Entrance to San Francisco. [lower left]: C. Ringgold U. S. N.; [lower right]: W. H. Dougal (p. 9)

View of Sacramento City from the west bank. [lower left in image area]: Edwin Cullberg; [lower left in image area]: Wm. H. Dougal. (p. 19)

View of Benicia from the Anchorage East of Seal Island. [lower left]: S. F. Blunt, U. S. N.; [lower right]: W. H. Dougal (p. 25)

[Top]: View of Monte Diablo from Garnet Island. [lower left]: E. Cullberg; [lower right]: W. H. Dougal; [bottom]: View from the Forks of the Sacramento. [lower left]: E. Cullberg; [lower right]: W. H. Dougal (p. 26)

[Top]: Mark for Invincible Buoy Point Smith, east of Angel I. on with Signal Hill [lower left]: S. F. Blunt U. S. N. [lower right]: W. H. Dougal; [bottom]: Mark for Invincible Buoy North extreme of Marin Is. on with clump of trees north of San Rafael [lower left]: S. F. Blunt; [lower right]: W. H. Dougal (p. 31)

[Top]: Mark for Tongue Shoal [lower left]: E. Cullberg; [lower right]: W. H. Dougal; [bottom]: Entrance to the Sacramento River [lower left]: Edwin Cullberg; [lower right]: W. H. Dougal (p. 34)

[Top]: Mark for entering the Sacramento and its Forks at their confluence [lower left]: Edwin Cullberg; [lower right]: W. H. Dougal; [bottom]: Mark for entering the second section of the Middle Fork of the Sacramento River [lower left]: Edwin Cullburg; [lower right]: W. H. Dougal (p. 36)

Map list (the maps are the same as in the other edition offered as item 162 herein; condition reports follow):

(1) Slight wrinkling from improper folding, else very fine.

(2) 5 cm (2-inch) mended tear at text block, else very fine.

(3) 12.6 cm (5-inch) closed tear at text block, else very fine.

(4) Right edge slightly wrinkled and soiled, else very fine.

(5) 17.5 cm (3-inch) closed tear at text block, otherwise very fine.

(6) Two small tears at text block, else very fine.

    Fourth edition. Cowan II, p. 534: “Best edition.” Hill 1454. Howes R303. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 536e. Sabin 71425. In this edition, the text has been rewritten; some sections have been expanded while others that appeared in the first edition have been deleted. The sailing directions especially have been brought up-to-date with new information. Several new tables have also been added.
($1,500-3,000)


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