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Auction 15: Fine Collection of Californiana Formed by Daniel G. Volkmann Jr.

Lots 33-36: French Voyages, Mexican Law, Native Americans

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33. CARRILLO, Carlos Antonio. Exposicion que el diputado de la Alta California...hace á la cámara de diputados, pidiendo se establezcan en aquel territorio los tribunales competentes para su administracion de justicia. Mexico: Imprenta de Galvan á cargo de Mariano Arévalo, 1831. 15 pp. 8vo, later protective decorative wrappers. Title and rear endpaper slightly stained and worn, marginal wormholes filled. The Estelle Doheny copy, with her gilt morocco book label, preserved in full crimson levant morocco drop box lined in crushed red velvet.

     First edition. Clifford Sale (California & the West) 22 (this copy). Doheny Sale 200 (this copy). Libros Californianos, pp. 21 (Cowan) & 28 (Dawson & Howell): “Only two copies are known to us of this early attempt by a native Californian to convince the Mexican Congress to give Alta California more independence through having its own judiciary.” Carrillo presented this proposal to the Mexican government while he was representative from California to the Mexican Chamber of Deputies. Since its founding, California had operated under a justice system divided between the military and the ecclesiastical establishments. Carrillo argues that this somewhat clumsy system is against the expectations of colonists, most of whom are from Mexico and expect a justice system similar to the one they enjoyed in Mexico itself. He argues in part that the present justice system has harmed the settlement of California because it interferes with the normal expectations of the populace. His fifteen articles are designed to give California its own justice system based on a more traditional civilian model. This is an important document in the growth and transition of California and the borderlands into more full-fledged members of Mexican society.

34. CATLIN, George. Salesman’s dummy for: Letters and Notes on the Manners, Customs, and Condition of the North American Indians. Written during Eight Years’ Travel amongst the Wildest Tribes of Indians in North America. Philadelphia: J. W. Bradley, 1860. [5]-32 pp., steel-engraved frontispiece, 9 steel engravings, 32 hand-colored wood engravings, some with gesso highlights. Binding sample affixed to front pastedown. Bound in rear is a broadside advertisement for the work (slightly trimmed). 8vo, original sheep over elaborately embossed black cloth, marbled endpapers and edges. Spine very rubbed and edges worn, lower hinge open but holding, one front flyleaf missing lower portion, subscription pages removed. Light foxing and staining to text, steel engravings moderately foxed, wood engravings lightly browned. An unusual survival.
    First edition. Salesman’s sample book for Bradley’s edition of Catlin (for the published edition see Plains & Rockies IV:84:20). Includes complete table of contents, sample pages, and sample illustrations for this work, which was to sell for $3.00. Given the poor quality of the sample wood engravings here, as opposed to the elegant prints in earlier editions, even asking $3.00 for a copy seems audacious.

35. CHAPPE D’AUTEROCHE, Jean. Voyage en Californie pour l’observation du passage de Vénus sur le disque du soleil, le 3 Juin 1769.... Paris: Charles-Antoine Jombert, 1772. [4] 170 [2] pp., 3 copper-engraved plates (natural history and transit of Venus), folded letterpress scientific table, copper-engraved folded map (Plan de la Ville de Mexico [lower right below neat line]: de la Gardette Sculp.; 38.5 x 51.7 cm; 15-1/8 x 20-3/8 inches). 4to, contemporary mottled calf, raised bands, spine gilt with red morocco label. Joints expertly restored, scattered very light foxing, otherwise fine. The map has a closed tear at text block, else fine. With both printed bookplate on front pastedown and ink stamp on title page of Bibliothèque École Libre, and ink stamps of two Jesuit libraries on front flyleaf and title page.

    First edition of one of the earliest scientific expeditions to California. Barrett 508. Cowan I, p. 46. Cowan II, p. 114. Hill 278. Howell 50, California 40. Howes C299. Mathes, California Colonial Bibliography 61. Palau 67059. Sabin 12003. Streeter Sale 2443. Wagner, Spanish Southwest 158. “A thrilling account of a race against time to reach Lower California before the transit of Venus occurred. After nerve-racking delays, which began in Spain, and narrow escapes from disaster, the goal was reached late in May. Two days after the transit was observed a malignant fever spread through the little group and Chappe d’Auteroche [1728-1769], who nursed the sick and dying, took it himself and died on the first of August. Mr. Cowan is quite incorrect in his note on this book, saying ‘this celestial phenomenon was visible only upon the coast of California.’ It was in fact visible throughout the western hemisphere and expeditions to observe it were sent to numerous stations. Also Spain not only knew of the expedition, but in the end co-operated in every way to make it a success.” (Streeter Sale 2443).
    The French government sent out two expeditions to observe the transit of Venus of 1769: one to the Philippines and this one to Baja California, which was accompanied by two Spanish scientists. Chappe d’Auteroche’s account ends on p. 39. The remarks on California are not considered of critical value, but the expedition itself was viewed with such suspicion by the Spanish that it resulted in the dispatch of Gaspar de Portolá in 1769 and hastened settlement of Upper California. Trabulse (Historia de la Ciencia en Mexico III, pp. 462-466) illustrates title pages to this edition and the English edition, the plate, and provides a translation into Spanish of part of the work.
    Edited by Jean-Dominique Cassini. According to most sources, the engraved map of Mexico City probably was based on one by José Antonio Alzate y Ramírez. Toussaint, in Planos de la Ciudad de México, pp. 25-26, states that apparently Alzate lent his map to Chappe d’Auteroche when he passed through Mexico City; the map, however, was not up-to-date and appears to show the city as it was before 1750 rather than in 1770. Despite this, Toussaint says it is an important map. Carrera Stampa, Planos de la Ciudad de México, pp. 212-213 (dimensions incorrect). Mayer, Poblaciones mexicanas, planos y panoramas, siglos XVI al XIX, pp. 21, 190, 294, 304 & 330 (illustrated). Illustrated as plate 138 in vol. 1 of Atlas Historico de la Ciudad de Mexico (Mexico City: Smurfit, 1966).

36. CHAPPE D’AUTEROCHE, Jean. A Voyage to California, to Observe the Transit of Venus.... With an Historical Description of the Author’s Route through Mexico, and the Natural History of that Province. Also, a Voyage to Newfoundland and Sallee, to Make Experiments on Mr. Le Roy’s Time Keepers by Monsieur Cassini. London: Printed for Edward and Charles Dilly, in the Poultry, 1778. [8] 315 (i.e., 215) pp., 1 folded copper-engraved map (Plan of the City of Mexico; 19 x 25.2 cm; 7-1/2 x 10 inches). 8vo, modern dark brown morocco over brown cloth, t.e.g. Map strengthened and reattached at gutter, mild foxing to first few leaves, overall light age toning, paper friable. With ink stamp of John Crerar Library on verso of map and their perforated stamp on half title and F6 (not affecting text).
    First English edition of preceding. Hill 279. Howes C299. Sabin 12004. Wagner, Spanish Southwest 158a. The map is re-engraved on a smaller scale than the one that appeared in the first French edition. Although this is a complete translation of Cassini’s version of the original French work, it is enhanced by the translation of Jean-Dominique Cassini’s experiments with Pierre Le Roy’s widely acclaimed maritime chronometer. That section includes extensive remarks on the American cod fishery and Morocco and is important in the history of the search for a method of accurately determining longitude at sea.

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