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AUCTION 16

“THE WORLD RUSHED IN”
THE CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH

Lot 102

102. [MAP]. HUTAWA, Julius. Pocket map:

Map: Map of Mexico & California Compiled from the Latest Authorities by Juls. Hutawa Lithr. Second St. 45 St. Louis, Mo. 2nd. Edition 1863 [edition statement altered on plates, 1863 and New Mexico overprinted]. Lithographed map within plain ruled border, original bright outline coloring of boundaries, folded into covers. Neat line to neat line: 59.6 x 46 cm (23-1/2 x 18-1/8 inches). Inset at top: Vicinity of Mexico (13 x 12.5 cm; 5-1/8 x 4-7/8 inches). A few scattered minor spots and browning along folds, a few small voids.

Cover: Hutawa’s Traveling Map of Mexico, and California. 12mo (height: 13.6 cm; 5-3/8 inches), original boards covered with printed orange paper. Pale blue printed label on front pastedown: From A. Bronsema, Stationer, Printer and Blank Book Manufacturer, No. 93 Common Street, New Orleans. Fragile paper boards rubbed and moderately soiled.

     “Fourth issue” (according to Streeter Sale 180). Howell, California 52:440. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 562n & 1072; Maps of the California Gold Region 46n. The printing history of this map is, to say the least, not well understood. Hutawa’s first foray into mapping this area seems to be his 1847 map depicting the area as it was concerned in the Mexican-American War. That map was published as a supplement to the October 1, 1847, edition of the Missouri Republican of Saint Louis (see Wheat 547 and p. 46). Apparently a version of this map was reissued in 1848 with the date 1848 and the words “St. Louis” in the imprint; unfortunately, the nature of this map is imperfectly known. The map was again perhaps reissued with the words “St. Louis” (still partially visible here) removed and the words “2nd Edition” substituted. It was then again reissued in 1863, as found here, with the date “1863” and the words “New Mexico” placed on the map by typography rather than lithography. Wheat (Transmississippi West V, p. 99) characterizes this map as a “commercial” venture and states that the depictions shown seem to demonstrate that “Hutawa seems to have lost his taste for work...; its only ‘new’ features being boundary lines (as of about 1853) for Washington, Oregon, Utah, and New Mexico.” Although not originally intended, apparently, for the Forty-Niners, the 1848 edition would have been a serviceable addition to such a person’s travel guides.

     The map seems clearly intended for use as something of a vade mecum for the western traveller and miner. Indicated still are the routes of Smith, Lewis and Clark, Kearney, Frémont, Cooke, Gregg, and others. Also shown are various trails and landmarks, such as forts or trading posts. One thing clearly obvious from the map is that the great West is alive in Native American tribes, the locations of many of which are shown. The map seems to have been published in the interest of those who wanted to develop the area around Santa Fe, New Mexico. Not only does the map show the route of the Santa Fe caravans, the area around the city of Santa Fe is depicted as far better developed than any other portion of the United States; even California, which is outlined in gold, by contrast is relatively empty. Perhaps this map was reissued to assist in the great commercial mining ventures that were being developed in the area and in Mexico itself.

     Oddly, the northern U. S. boundary line is still on the plate at the 42nd parallel, although the correct boundary is indicated by outline color farther north. The Gadsden Purchase is also indicated by a similar use of coloring, and Texas’ Trans-Pecos West has been significantly downsized.

     Julius Hutawa, among the early German immigrants to Saint Louis, Missouri, arrived with the Berlin Society in 1833 with his brother Edward. The brothers engaged in lithography and publishing, and among the maps created by Julius were Frémont and Nicollet’s Map of the City of St. Louis (1846; see Peters, America on Stone, p. 2287), Map and Profile Sections Showing Railroads of the United States (1849), Map of the United States Showing the Principal Steamboat Routes and Projected Railroads Connecting with St. Louis (1854), etc. (see Tooley). The brothers also published city views (see Reps, Views and Viewmakers of Urban America 774, 1002, 2036, and 2043).

     Although the Eberstadts had a small remainder of copies, the map is now quite scarce, no copy at auction since 1992. ($2,500-5,000)

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