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Texas is part of Coahuila y Tejas, evidence of the unsettled

political status of Texas; [3]

North America

, 25.5 x 19.5 (10 x

7

inches); Austin’s Colony is not specifically located (but is

mentioned), and San Felipe and San Antonio are located.

A plate at the back entitled

Modes of Travelling

has an early

depiction of a train. “Thomas Gamaliel Bradford (1802-1887)

of Boston served as an assistant editor of the

America Ency-

clopedia

before entering the field of atlas publishing” (Ristow,

p. 270).

($1,000-2,000)

First printed atlas to contain a separate map of Texas

5. [ATLAS]. BRADFORD, T[homas] G[amaliel].

A Com-

prehensive Atlas Geographical, Historical & Commercial.

Boston:

William D. Ticknor; New York: Wiley & Long, [copyright

1835]. 53 leaves (irregularly numbered 1-178), 2 engraved

plates (hand-colored frontispiece,

The Five Varieties of the

Human Race

; and elaborate pictorial title drawn by E. Tisdale

and W. Croome, engraved by J. Andrew), 77 engraved maps

with original outline coloring. Folio, original three-quarter

tan sheep over brown marbled boards (neatly rebacked, new

sympathetic spine, original matching marbled endpapers pre-

served). Covers scuffed, light foxing and offsetting to interi-

or, generally fine. The map of Texas is fine, save for moder-

ate foxing to blank margins. Later ink stamp of J. L. Kennedy

on front fly leaf, old pencil cost of $12.

First edition of the first printed atlas to contain a separate map

of Texas.

This is a revised version of Bradford’s 1835 small-

format atlas (see preceding entry), here with page numbers

added to both text leaves and maps, but more importantly, the

first version of Bradford’s atlas to contain the separate map of

Texas based on Stephen F. Austin’s celebrated map (here sim-

ply entitled:

Texas

, grants hand-colored in outline; 20 x 26.6

cm; 7

x 10

½

inches); plus the added leaf of text (numbered

64B & 64C) relating to Texas. The map of Texas in this atlas

includes early issue points, such as

Mustang Wild Horse Desert

(shown in south Texas), Nueces River designated as south-

western boundary of Texas, land grants shown instead of

counties, city of Austin (founded 1839) not shown yet, etc.

Subsequent issues of the atlas had only one page of text on

Texas. As in the earlier version, there are three maps show-

ing Texas as part of Mexico (see preceding entry).

Wheat,

Mapping the Transmississippi West

408, 409, 410.

This version of the Bradford atlas is not in Phillips (

Atlases

)

or Shaw & Shoemaker. Martin & Martin 31: “Although

Thomas Gamaliel Bradford was not a leading figure in the

nineteenth-century American map trade, his atlases are sig-

nificant to the cartographic history of Texas because they

included the first two maps to depict Texas as an independ-

ent republic. Bradford’s first of three works,

A Comprehensive

Atlas...,

has survived in at least four variant forms, all dated

1835, but some clearly published later.... Bradford, aroused by

the revolutionary events in Texas that led to conflict, insert-

ed a new map of Texas after the one of Mexico and accompa-

nied it with a two-page text describing Texas as ‘at present

engaged in an arduous struggle for independence.’ The text

included a complete geographical description of the province,

its rivers and harbors, its colonies and towns, its climate,

crops, and natural resources. It also included a brief account

of the colonial developments, leading up to the Declaration of

Causes that initiated the Texas Revolution in November

1835. After quoting clauses of this declaration, the account

concluded: ‘It is needless to enter into the details of what fol-

lowed, as they are fresh in the minds of all.’

“The map itself appeared to be copied directly from

Austin’s, the only readily available authority. The depiction of

the rivers and the coast were certainly modeled from Austin’s,

as were the numerous notes on its face relating to Indian

tribes and horse herds. The map differed from Austin’s prima-

rily in its prominent display of numerous colonization grants

and a plethora of new settlements and towns, indicative of the

massive influx of colonists occurring after the publication of

Austin’s work. Another significant departure from Austin

was the map’s depiction of the Arkansas boundary controver-

sy. The ‘Boundary of 1819’ was shown, corresponding to the

present boundary of the state, but to the west another line,

labeled ‘prop’d Boundary of Arkansas,’ was depicted, which

would have assigned the northeast corner of Texas to that

state. The map also extended west beyond Austin’s to the

Pecos, erroneously showing the Guadalupe Mountains to the

east of that river....

“Aside from showing Texas as a separate state, the maps

and text Bradford inserted into his atlases are historically

important for clearly demonstrating the demand in the Unit-

ed States for information about Texas during the Revolution

and the early years of the Republic. They also serve to con-

firm the importance of Austin’s map as a source for that infor-

mation.” It is always preferable to acquire maps of this nature

in situ, as part of the original atlas.

($4,000-8,000)

Earliest bird’s-eye view of Laredo listed by Reps

6. [BIRD’S-EYE VIEW: LAREDO, TEXAS]. [WELLGE,

Henry (attributed)].

Perspective Map of the City of Laredo,

Texas. The Gateway to and from Mexico....

[At top]:

Presented

with the Compliments of the Laredo Real Estate & Abstract Co. W.

R. Page Pres’t.

[Insets]: Maps:

Laredo’s Railway Connections

;

Continuation of “The Heighths”

[sic]

from Point A

. Views:

City

Hall

;

Webb County Court House

;

Opera House

;

Office Block

;

Masonic Hall

;

Hotel Hamilton

;

The Laredo Improvement Co.

;

Commercial Hotel.

Milwaukee: American Publishing Co., ca.

1890-1892. Uncolored lithograph bird’s-eye view with some

subtle gum arabic highlights. 50.2 x 84 cm; 19

x 33

inches

(image); 54.3 x 84.1 cm; 21

x 33

inches (image with title

& text). Mounted on stiff board at an early date, uniform light

age toning, a few moderate stains (particularly at old folds),

light waterstaining at upper left and lower center generally

not affecting image, overall very good. With contemporary

walnut frame (no glass).

Earliest bird’s-eye view of Laredo listed by Reps (

Cities of

the American West,

Fig. 18.15 (illustrating LC copy & citing

date as ca. 1890) & p. 614;

Cities on Stone

, Plate 48 (illustrat-

ing the Amon Carter colored copy & cited as 1892; & p. 94);

Views and Viewmakers of Urban America,

Plate 70 (illustrating

LC copy & cited as 1892) & 3985 (two locations: LC & Amon

Carter) & pp. 55, 85, 215: “By the time this view was pub-

lished, a new bridge had replaced the more picturesque but

less efficient ferry across the river.... Tanneries, brick manu-

facturing plants, lumber yards and furniture shops, a woolen

mill, Fort McIntosh, and a complex of activities associated