Dorothy Sloan -- Books

AUCTION 18

Texas, California, the Southwest U.S., Mexico & the Borderlands:
Interesting books, broadsides, maps & ephemera

Lot 44

First map published by the U. S. government to recognize the boundaries claimed by the Republic of Texas

44. [MAP]. EMORY, W[illiam] H. Map of Texas and the Country Adjacent: Compiled in the Bureau of the Corps of Topographical Engeneers, [sic] from the best Authorities. For the State Department, under the direction of Colonel J. J. Abert Chief of the Corps; by W. H. Emory, 1st. Lieut. T. E. War Department 1844. [Washington, 1844]. Lithographed map. Neat line to neat line: 35.7 x 55.2 cm (14-1/4 x 21-3/4 inches). Uniform light age toning, a few scattered stains (most confined to blank margins), minor losses at fold lines, minor marginal chipping at right blank margin (no loss to image or border), otherwise fine.

     First edition, the small-format version of the first map published by the United States government to recognize the boundaries claimed by the Republic of Texas, thus recognizing Texas as a separate entity. “The order of priority of the issues cannot now be determined” (Streeter 1543B). The small format issue is more rare in commerce. Martin & Martin 33: "First map to show correctly the final extent of the boundaries set by the Texas Congress on December 29, 1836. Probably the best map of the region at the time of annexation." Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 478 (describing this version).

     One of the primary considerations during the Congressional debate on the annexation of Texas was the determination of the correct boundaries of the country. Accordingly, Congress in 1844 commissioned this map, the first to recognize Texas as a separate entity, leading directly to the Mexican-American War. Based on the great 1841 Arrowsmith map of Texas, but with improvements, the map shows an enormous proposed northern territory, including over half of New Mexico and parts of Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas, and Oklahoma. ($7,500-15,000)

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