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AUCTION 18

Texas, California, the Southwest U.S., Mexico & the Borderlands:
Interesting books, broadsides, maps & ephemera

Lot 55

Precursor Map in the Disturnell Treaty Map Sequence

55. [TREATY MAP]. WHITE, GALLAHER & WHITE. Mapa de los Estados Unidos de Méjico, segun lo organizado y definido por las varias actas del Congreso de dicha República y construido por las mejores autoridades. Lo publican White, Gallaher y White. Nueva York. 1828. Grabado por Balch y Stiles, Nueva York. Three insets at lower left: (1) Tabla de Distancias; (2) Tabla de Estadistica; (3) Carta de los caminos &c. desde Vera Cruz y Alvarado a Méjico. Upper right: Large engraving of Mexican eagle with snake in its beak, perched on cactus with names of Mexican states lettered on pads (including Coahuila y Tejas and Nuevo Méjico). Engraved map, original shading and outline coloring. 73.7 x 104 cm (29 x 41 inches). Black wooden rollers. A few fox marks and light stains, some splits from having been rolled and unroll, but professionally stabilized and laid down on archival linen. This is a handsome, presentable copy of a map often found in tatters. Perhaps the single most rare map in the Treaty Map sequence.

     First edition of the White, Gallaher & White version of the Treaty Map. Both Tanner’s English language map, on which this version is based, and the present map served as precursors for Disturnell’s epochal Treaty Map. These three versions of the map are exceptionally significant due to their historical context and function with regard to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Together the Tanner, White, Gallaher & White, and Disturnell maps document the cartographical sequence that resulted in the boundary dispute following the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The White, Gallaher & White map is perhaps the single most rare map in the Treaty Map sequence.

     Crossroads of Empire 39. Martin & Martin, Maps of Texas and the Southwest, 1513-1900, Plate 37 & p. 137. Rittenhouse, Disturnell’s Treaty Map, pp. 13-16 (#1) (designating White, Gallaher & White’s 1828 map as “one edition known”): “One of Tanner’s maps, that of 1826, was copied and published in 1828 by the firm of White, Gallaher & White, of New York City. This is the map whose plates were bought by Disturnell and used for printing the Disturnell Maps of 1846-1858. It has often been said that White, Gallaher & White (and Disturnell) plagiarized or ‘pirated’ this map. It was obviously copied from Tanner’s map, but there is no proof that it was done with intent to defraud. It might have been done as the result of an agreement. The White, Gallaher & White map was issued in 1828, and that was the year in which the United States made a Treaty of Limits with Mexico. There was a market demand in Latin America for a map with all the legends and place names in Spanish. The Tanner map was in English; White, Gallaher & White made a map with all legends in Spanish.... The original White, Gallaher & White map was grabado (engraved) by Balch & Stiles of New York. Their name, together with the copyright notice was imperfectly removed and appears faintly on all Disturnell maps printed from these plates from 1846 through 1858.”

     Streeter Sale 222: “This map is included as it is such a direct source for Disturnell’s Map of Mexico with the same title, published in New York in 1846, that Col. Martin in his elaborate survey, Disturnell’s Map, calls it the first of the 24 editions of that map, and the map published by Disturnell in 1846 the second. This White, Gallaher & White map in turn follows closely, even to errors, the Tanner Map of Mexico of 1825.—TWS.”

     Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West #384, Vol. II, pp. 95-96 & Vol. III, p. 36. Wheat, Maps of the Gold Region 33n. Of the Treaty Map sequence of over thirty-five maps, White, Gallaher & White’s map (Streeter 222), Tanner’s 1826 issue (Streeter 3824), and Rosa’s version published in Paris in 1837 (Streeter 233) are the most difficult to obtain. We locate copies of White, Gallaher & White’s map at The University of Texas at Austin, The University of Texas at Arlington, and Yale (Streeter’s copy). ($7,500-15,000)

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