24. COAHUILA (State). COMISIÓN DE LÍMITES DE COAHUILA. Documentos relativos a la linea divisoria y mapa que determinan los límites del Estado de Coahuila con el de Durango y Zacatecas. Saltillo: Imprenta del Gobierno, 1881. xiv, 38 pp., folding lithograph map outlined in bright pink: Provincia de Coahuila [lower right]: Lit. G. Bröss Saltillo y F. de Leon (sheet size: 33.5 x 43 cm). 8vo, original beige printed wrappers (title within typographical border). Wrappers lightly waterstained along spine, a few spots on upper wrap, minor chipping to wraps, a few leaves dog-eared, generally very good, the map fine. Contemporary ink note on upper wrapper (“Al gobierno del estado de Puebla”). Although unmarked as such, this copy is from the private library of Juan N. Méndez (1820-1894), who twice served as governor of Puebla.
First edition. Eberstadt, Texas 162:776 (the only copy we trace on the market in the past few decades): “Historical summary of the dispute, plus text of numerous old documents relating to early Texas history. The map is exquisitely crude and greedy, showing Coahuila as extending far beyond the Rio Grande, its extreme eastern point being San Antonio.” With all due respect to the venerable Eberstadts, the contention that the map is “greedy” is incorrect. The map was intended to show historical claims and old boundaries (Texas was at one time part of Coahuila), thus negating the characterization of “greedy,” an adjective some might consider more applicable to the U.S. absorbing approximately half of Mexico’s territory in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
The commissioners set forth the Coahuila side of a long-running dispute between it and the adjoining states of Durango and Zacatecas over who had control of the area around Parras, especially the area between the Rio del Nazas and the Sierra de Mapimí. The work includes many historical documents (generally from the eighteenth and early nineteenth century) generally supporting Coahuila’s claim to the area. The map shows the historical extent of Coahuila’s claims, including territory which was then in Texas. The various border disputes were not settled definitively until 1892, when Díaz set the limits between Coahuila, Durango, and Nuevo León. ($400-800)
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