104. [MAP]. STRICKLAND, M[iles] (lithographer). Map
of the City of Corpus Christi with a Condensed Sketch of Its Environs.
The Lots Numbered 1-to-12 in Each Block Are Designated as Seen in Block
No. 1 Both on the Beach and Bluff Beginning at theS.E. Corner,
Scale-360 Feet to One Inch [above neat line at lower right] Lith.
by M. Strickland, Galveston; [inset at top left: untitled view
of the area around Corpus Christi]. Galveston, n.d. [after 1874, possibly
1875?]. Lithograph map. 64.6 x 49 cm. Light offsetting,
moderate scattered foxing, some splitting at folds (no losses).
First printing. Cf. Taliaferro, Cartographic Sources in the Rosenberg Library 354 (listing a map of Corpus, ca. 1875, with same title and similar dimension, but with a key identifying important sites; the present map has no key, but indicated are Market, City Hall, Artesian Well, and Court House). Not in Day or other sources consulted. This is a town plan of Corpus Christi, Texas, immediately following the postbellum period, when the city began to grow in importance as a shipping center (due to the growth of the cattle and sheep ranching and related industries in the town and region). In 1874 the main sea channel was dredged to allow steam navigation, and in 1875 the first railroad was established (no railroad lines are shown yet on the present map). The list of owners is like a who’s-who of South Texas, including R. King (of the King Ranch), W. W. Chapman (in partnership with King and constructed Fort Brown, later Brownsville), F. A. Blücher (interpreter, surveyor, and engineer, who came to Texas with Solms-Braunfels), J. W. Vineyard (founder of Ingleside, businessman, cattleman-farmer, moneylender, and underwriter of dredging the Morris-Cummins Cut to get deep water to Corpus Christi in 1874), W. S. Harney (United States Army officer), et al.
Besides the importance of the city plan in the development of Corpus Christi, it also sheds light on nineteenth-century lithography in Texas, being the work of Miles Strickland (d. 1882), active in the 1870s and early 1880s, assisting with the creation of directories, maps, and prints. Strickland is thought to have been among the early lithographers in Texas, preceded only by Wilhelm Carl August Thielepape. Strickland sold his interest in his firm to Clarke & Courts, which closed in 1989. ($1,000-2,000)
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