219. [VIRGIN OF GUADALUPE]. TORNEL Y MENDÍVIL, J[osé] Julián. La aparición de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe de México, comprobada con documentos históricos y defendida de las impugnaciones que se los han hecho.... Orizaba: José María Nareda, 1849. , 206,  + , 209  pp. 2 vols. in one, 8vo, original black Mexican sheep over green and black patterned boards, spine lettered and decorated in gilt, edges sprinkled. Moderate shelf wear, binding lightly rubbed, corners bumped, hinges starting (holding strong), scattered foxing and light browning to text, generally a very good copy. Contemporary ink inscription on front fly leaf.
First edition. Palau 334543. Puttick & Simpson, Bibliotheca Mejicana 1671. “The Virgin of Guadalupe offers one of history’s outstanding examples of the fusion of religious devotion and national identity” (Mathes, Bibliotheca Novohispana Guadalupana). The author (1801-1860), a prominent Mexican scholar and politician, was a warm defender of Catholicism. This work is considered the best and most extensive refutation of Muñoz’s supposed calumnies concerning the Virgin of Guadalupe that had appeared up to that time. The second volume is an extensive point-by-point rebuttal of the work of Muñoz, which Tornel y Mendívil decries as a work “con el objeto de burlarse de una creencia de tres siglos, y reducir à meras consejas una de la tradiciones mas bien acreditadas de la tierra.”The author was the brother of José María Tornel y Mendívil, Mexican Secretary of War during the Texas and Pastry Wars and Minister Plenipotentiary to the U.S. from Mexico who unsuccessfully tried to stop Anglo colonization of Texas by refusing passports to applicants. ($250-500)
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