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AUCTION 20

Not in Plains & Rockies
Previously Unrecorded Overland Guide, Pocket Map & San Francisco Imprint

73. [MAP]. TAYLOR, E. A. (publisher). Broadside with text surrounding map, in pocket map format. Broadside title: Railroad, Steamboat and Stage Routes in the United States. [center above map] Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1859, by E. A. Taylor, in the Clerk’s Office of the District Court of the Northern District of California. [colophon] O’Meara & Painter, print, San Francisco. Broadside printed in nine columns, sheet measures 72.5 x 60.7 cm. Inset map at center: Map of the United States of America Mexico Central America the Pacific Coast from Panama to Victoria Presenting a system of Rail Roads and Routes of Travel throughout the several States and Territories The proposed Routes of the Pacific Rail Road and the different Wagon Roads Stage Routes Isthmus transit Routes by water from San Francisco to New York New Orleans and Intermediate Ports Distances Descriptions &c. Published by E. A. Taylor San Francisco 1859. [below neat line] Kuchel & Dresel’s Lith. San Francisco. Lithograph map on wove paper, original bright outline color with gesso highlights. Neat line to neat line: 30.5 x 25.4 cm. Folded into pocket covers (13.4 x 8.7 cm), original dark brown cloth with original paper label on upper cover printed: Taylor’s New Map of the United States...The Various Overland Routesand Proposed Pacific Railroads from the Pacific to the Atlantic Coast with distances, &c. 1859 (lettering faded), pastedowns original goldenrod paper with contemporary pencilled provenance (“William Mack from Theodosius Barton...Ohio”). Slight losses and light browning along a few folds, otherwise a very fine copy of a remarkable survival. Preserved in black calf and cloth clamshell case.

     Unrecorded. Although well within the scope of Becker-Wagner-Camp (Plains & Rockies), this imprint is not listed in any of the editions. This unusual large folio broadside, like Caesar’s Gaul, is thematically divided into three parts. The majority of the text is taken up with listings of routes between various places in the U.S., from the East to the West coasts, although most of the routes listed are in the East. Detailed routes for Texas are given, however, as are numerous routes to reach the crucial port of New Orleans. At the bottom is a more far-reaching list that encompasses “Description of Overland Mail Routes and Wagon Roads, Distances, &c.,” including the Butterfield and Central Overland routes. A third smaller section below the map lists “Proposed Pacific Railroads” and enumerates routes from San Francisco via Salt Lake City, New Orleans, Puget Sound, and Santa Fe to the East. An interesting feature of the map is the location of Pike’s Peak and one of the early references to gold in Colorado. The entire listing is drawn together by the handsome centrally placed map that shows the entire nation as it is and as it will be once all the proposed transportation routes are completed.

     Greenwood lists printers John O’Meara and J. B. Painter active in San Francisco from 1854-1859. Taylor is also listed as copyrighting several other works, including a map that is quite similar in title to this one in 1858 (see Greenwood, p. 495, Item 165). Kuchel & Dressel were prominent lithographers who produced a large body of work in their years in business, on whom see Peters, California on Stone, pp. 141-151.

     This unusual broadside-pocket map apparently is unrecorded, not in Cowan, Graff, Greenwood, Plains & Rockies, etc. Greenwood (p. 494, Item 159) lists an 1858 copyright for another guide by E. A. Taylor: Traveler’s guide and table of distances in California from all the principal cities, towns, and mining camps throughout the States. ($15,000-30,000)

Sold. Hammer: $15,000.00; Price Realized: $17,625.00

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