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AUCTION 20

89. [MEXICAN-AMERICAN WAR]. MEXICO (Republic). MINISTRO DE ESTADO Y DEL DESPACHO DE GUERRA Y MARINA (José Ignacio Gutiérrez). El Ministro de Estado y del Despacho de Guerra y Marina. Por quanto en el Ciudadano [Eleuterio Méndez Coronel] concurren las circunstancias provenidas en el artículo 20. del Reglamento para el servicio de secciones ligeras de la guardia nacional de los Estados y territorios de la República, circulado por este Ministerio con fecha 28 de Abril último: y en consideracion á que para auxiliar las operaciones del ejército permanente, en la presente guerra con los Estados-Unidos del Norte, ha pedido la autorizacion necesaria para levantar, organizar y poner en estado de servicio, una seccion de voluntarios de la referida guardia en la demarcacion de [Chalco] perteneciente al Estado de [Coyocán]....Dado en el Palacio del Gobierno general en México.... Mexico, May 8, 1847. Large folio broadside on thin paper (43 cm. tall, folded to 4 pp. with integral blank), ornate lithograph of Mexican eagle at top; completed in ink, signed, and with contemporary ink note apparently by the son of Méndez stating that the document concerns his late father’s appointment as a military commander, on verso of p. [4]. Creased where formerly folded and a few small holes (touching three letters), otherwise fine and very handsome. A scarce type of documentation from “The Other Side.”

     Col. Eleuterio Méndez is granted permission by the Secretary of War to raise a militia of volunteers in Chalco to fight the North American invaders. The relative ease with which the United States’ invading army cut to the heart of Mexico exposed the country’s weak system of national defense, necessitating and inspiring volunteer companies like the one documented here. ($200-400)

Sold. Hammer: $225.00; Price Realized: $264.38

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