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AUCTION 20

147. BIBLE IN ALGONQUIN. NEW TESTAMENT (Selections). [I Corinthians XXVI:1-24; II Corinthians I:1-22]. [Cambridge, Massachusetts: S. Green, 1685]. [2] pp. 12mo, matted. Age-toned, otherwise fine.

     Single leaf from the second edition of John Eliot’s Indian Bible, revised by the editor, with the assistance of John Cotton. John Eliot learned the difficult Algonquin tongue, translated the entire Bible into this unknown and unwritten language, overcoming many technical difficulties, and then taught the tribe to read their own language. Samuel Green, the printer, was aided greatly by James Printer, a Native American compositor and corrector of the press. The language is now extinct. The first edition (1663-1661) is an entry in Printing & the Mind of Man 142n: “[The Eliot Indian Bible] was not only the first Bible to be printed in the New World, but also the first complete Bible to be printed in a new language as a means of evangelization. As such it may be considered the forerunner of all the missionary translations. This translation into the Massachusetts dialect of the Algonkin family of languages, which was spoken by a large tribe, now extinct, who lived in Massachusetts in the seventeenth century, was the work of John Eliot (1604-90), the ‘Apostle to the Indians.’” ($100-200)

Sold. Hammer: $400.00; Price Realized: $470.00

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