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who supported the federalism for which the Texans fought, upon

orders of Santa-Anna faced a

fi

ring squad for unpardonable treason

in bringing foreign adventurers into the country. See

Handbook of

Texas Online

: José Antonio Mexía.

(

$2

,

000

-

4

,

000

)

16

. BENNET, Miles Squier. Original autograph journal (signed

“M.S.B.” on

fi

rst page) describing his life in early Texas, mostly in

Dewitt Colony (Gonzales area), also in San Antonio and excursions to

the west. May

25

,

1838

–May

27

,

1854

.

4

to,

50

pp. Some sheets split or

splitting where folded,

11

sheets with tears repaired or edges reinforced

with cello tape, one leaf is actually two sheets pasted onto a sti

ff

paper

backing. Overall good to very good. The journal spans the years from

Bennet’s arrival in Texas in

1838

at age

20

to life as an established

farmer on the Guadalupe River in

1854

. Bennet (

1818

-

1903

) was the son

of Major Valentine S. Bennet who immigrated to Texas in

1825

and

fought in the Texas Revolution. Miles documents his May-June

1838

journey to Texas accompanying his father; surveying expeditions west-

ward from San Antonio with John Co

ff

ee ( Jack) Hayes (

1838

) and Ben

McCulloch (

1840

); Ranger Henry W. Karnes’ expedition with a hun-

dred men against the Comanche (

1839

); trip to Cincinnati to bring his

sister back to Texas (

1840

); Native American incursions and depreda-

tions; etc. Bennet soon settled down, and the majority of his journal

entries relate to agriculture, stockraising, and family life, the latter of

which provide insights into social history of nineteenth-century Texas.

(

$3

,

000

-

6

,

000

)

Bird’s-Eye Views

17

. [BIRD’S-EYE VIEW]. BRAZOS RIVER CHANNEL &

DOCK COMPANY.

Velasco the First & Only Deep Water Port on the

Coast of Texas. The Commercial Hope of the Trans-Mississippi. Louis

Giraud....

[St. Louis: Gast, ca.

1892

]. Lithograph with original color.

60

.

5

x

91

.

7

cm. Very rare, large, and colorful promotional of Velasco,

with bird’s-eye view of the Velasco area and other images on recto, and

breathless, boosterism text on verso, including: “Velasco, the Liverpool

of the Trans-Mississippi.” Not in Reps, Day, or other sources. The

present imprint was part of the campaign to promote Velasco’s deep-

water port, which ran to a depth of

17½

feet. By

1892

over a million

dollars worth of lots had been sold, and the town and region

fl

ourished, with railroad connections and a bustling shipping center.

(

$1

,

500

-

3

,

000

)

RARE KUCHEL & DRESEL LITHOGRAPHS

OF GOLD RUSH TOWNS

FROM ON-THE-SPOT DRAWINGS

The next six lots are exceedingly rare bird’s-eye views made from

on-the-spot drawings during California Gold Rush. They are early

(and sometimes the

fi

rst or only) nineteenth-century views of the

towns depicted. “During the late Fifties, Kuchel and Dresel and

others drew many a mining camp and California town on stone.

From these, lithographic prints were made. Their excellence

astounded the draftsmen of the older centers of the United States.

Boston, New York and Philadelphia hailed the work of the western-

ers as outstanding examples of the lithographic art, and even today

collectors and critics

fi

nd good reason to prefer San Francisco litho-

graphs of that period to those made at the same time on the eastern

seaboard. In very few of our great libraries can there be found even

incomplete

fi

les of these notable lithographic prints”—Douglas S.

Watson, foreword to

California in the Fifties

(San Francisco, John

Howell,

1936

).

Of the Kuchel & Dresel views, bibliographers have commented:

Cowan I, pp.

133

-

134

: “A series of large and very interesting views of

California towns... Of their kind, these plates are the

fi

nest that have

been issued in California. They were sold separately, and may yet

occasionally be seen.”

Libros Californianos

(Dawson & Howell List),

p.

31

: “The most accurate delineations of the California mining towns

and cities made in the

1850

’s.” Reps,

Views and Viewmakers of Urban

America

, pp.

187

-

188

: “These lithographs captured images of the Gold

Rush settlements only a few years after their creation, and they pro-

vide incomparable records of their urban and architectural character.

Streeter had a rare album of thirty of the lithos, which sold at his auc-

tion in

1968

for

$19

,

000

(lot

2787

).

18

. [BIRD’S-EYE VIEW]. KUCHEL, [Charles Conrad] & [Emil]

Dresel (artists) & [ Joseph Britton & Jacques Joseph Rey] (lithog-

raphers).

Coloma,

1857

. El Dorado County, California. First Discovery

of Gold....

[San Francisco, ca.

1857

]. Lithograph on bu

ff

-toned

ground, original applied white highlights. Image including title and

caption above:

27

x

37

cm. Browned and a few marginal tears

repaired (professionally restored and stabilized). Early view of

Coloma. Reps,

Views and Viewmakers of Urban America

#

75

. Within

Reps’ sequence of Coloma views, this is the third listed, although in

fact, according to Reps’ text, it is the

fi

rst Kuchel & Dresel version.

(

$10

,

000

-

20

,

000

)

19

. [BIRD’S-EYE VIEW]. KUCHEL, [Charles Conrad] & [Emil]

Dresel (artists) & [ Joseph Britton & Jacques Joseph Rey] (lithogra-

phers).

French Bar Siskiyou C

o

.

[San Francisco, ca.

1857

]. Lithograph

on bu

ff

-toned ground, original applied white highlights. Image

including title below and caption above:

28

x

27

.

2

cm. A few fox

marks (four of which a

ff

ect image), professionally restored and stabi-

lized. French Bar was one of the communities that sprang up in the

area formed by the Scott River, and it is mostly lost to history except

through this beautiful print.

(

$7

,

500

-

15

,

000

)

20

. [BIRD’S-EYE VIEW]. KUCHEL, [Charles Conrad] & [Emil]

Dresel (artists) & [ Joseph] Britton & [ Jacques Joseph] Rey (lithogra-

phers).

Placerville, El Dorado County.

[San Francisco: Davis & Roy, ca.

1856

]. Lithograph on bu

ff

-toned ground, original applied white high-

lights. Image including title and text below:

34

.

5

x

52

.

2

cm. Trimmed

close in blank margins (not a

ff

ecting image or title), professionally

restored and stabilized. This is the

fi

rst large view of Placerville

.

Reps,

Views and Viewmakers of Urban America

#

188

. The present lithograph

is important because the town was virtually destroyed this same year

by a

fi

re in early July.

(

$10

,

000

-

20

,

000

)

21

. [BIRD’S-EYE VIEW]. KUCHEL, [Charles Conrad] & [Emil]

Dresel (artists) & [ Joseph] Britton & [ Jacques Joseph] Rey (lithog-

raphers).

Union, Humboldt County, Cal.

1857

.

[San Francisco, ca.

1857

].

Lithograph on bu

ff

-toned ground, original applied white highlights.

Image including title and caption above:

26

x

37

.

3

cm. Browned,

dime-size light spot at center, minor fox mark at upper right, profes-

sionally restored and stabilized. Not in Reps (

Views and Viewmakers

of Urban America)

, although he lists two other Kuchel & Dresel views

of Union (later renamed Arcata). Founded by the Union Company

early in

1850

, Union was the

fi

rst signi

fi

cant town on Humboldt Bay.

(

$6

,

000

-

12

,

000

)

22

. [BIRD’S-EYE VIEW]. KUCHEL, [Charles Conrad] & [Emil]

Dresel (artists) & [ Joseph] Britton & [ Jacques Joseph] Rey (lithog-