Rare Kansas Pocket Map in Two Sheets
122. [MAP]. REAM, Robert L. New Sectional Map of Kansas Compiled from the U.S. Surveys by Robt. L. Ream, Late Principal Clerk in the Surveyor Generals Office at Leavenworth, Published by G. W. and C. B. Colton, 172 William St. New York. 1865 Entered According to Act of Congress in the Year 1865 by G. Woolworth Colton in the Clerk’s Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York. [inset map lower left] Routes from Chicago and St. Louis to Kansas [showing Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Missouri, and Illinois]. New York, 1865. Lithograph map on two separate sheets of bank note paper (not joined), original full hand color, ornate vine border. Measurements, border to border: left sheet 71.3 x 67 cm; right sheet 71.3 x 51.5 cm. Folded into original dark brown embossed and gilt-lettered cloth covers (15.7 x 11.3 cm), lettering on upper cover: New Sectional Map of the State of Kansas Published by G. W. & C. B. Colton; on pastedown is Colton’s printed ad (obscured by left sheet). Spine slightly deteriorated at upper extremity, boards moderately shelf worn, small bits of old paper adhered to top of upper cover. Other than a few minor splits at folds (no losses) and minor browning at some folds, very fine, crisp, and bright.
Not in Phillips; while he lists an 1857 sectional map of Kansas by Colton, it is considerably smaller than the present example. According to Phillips, Ream also compiled the Sectional Map of Nebraska Territory issued in 1857 by E. Mendenhall in Cincinnati. This map was intended to detail Kansas’s advantages for potential emigrants. When the Territory was established in 1854, many of the settlers who moved there were either pro-slavery or abolitionists, creating a literal battleground that would only find resolution when Kansas was admitted to the Union as a free state in 1861. Growth was somewhat stunted by the Civil War, but once that conflict was over, the state enjoyed a huge surge in population. This is evident on this map, which shows roughly the eastern half of the state as having been rapidly settled. The city farthest west is present-day Salina, Kansas. The map shows roads, railroads, waterways, settlements, and Native American lands (Cherokee, Osage, et al). The Union Pacific Railroad extends only as far as Lawrence. The inset map shows a large number of railroads reaching west toward the state, although only two reach it.
Surveyor Robert L. Ream (1809-1885) was Chief Clerk in the Kansas Surveyor General’s Office for a time. Ream was originally from Pennsylvania, and is principally remembered as the father of sculptor Vinnie Ream (Notable American Women, III, pp. 122-123). When her father was involved in making real estate maps, Vinnie assisted with her artistic talents. ($1,000-2,000)
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