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AUCTION 21

October 26, 2007

Revolutionaries Will Be Exiled to California!

189. MEXICO (Republic). LAWS. [Law of the Congreso general approved by President Guadalupe Victoria on October 25, 1828, promulgated the same day by Juan de Dios Cañedo, with printed heading]: Primera Secretaria de Estado. Departamento del Interior Sección 1a. [article 2 commencing]: 2. Los ciudadanos que concurrieren á tales reuniones despues de la publicacion de esta ley, sufrirán por primera vez la pena de suspensión de sus derechos por un año; de dos por la segunda; y de confinación á una de las Californias por la tercera, por término de cuatro años. Si los confinados reincidieren, serán espulsados de la república por dos años.... [dated and signed in print at end] Méjico 25 de octubre de 1828. Cañedo. [Mexico City, 1828]. Folio broadside (30.5 x 21.5 cm) on laid watermarked paper. Slightly wrinkled on left side, otherwise fine.

            First printing. Harper (12:42) offered the Tlalpam printing of this decree ca. 1961 commenting: “Forbids all ‘clandestine’ meetings and organizations during the current political upheavals and prescribes penalties for those caught in such activities, including exile to ‘one of the Californias’.” Eberstadt (158:42) offered the present printing in 1958, describing it thus: “Decrees for regulating immigration into California, 1828,” but the decree seems to be more concerned with the conduct of citizens and foreigners in Mexico and its provinces, which then included Texas and California. Mexico was a seething hotbed of political unrest at that time, both in the interior and its far-flung provinces, particularly Texas. What is most interesting about this decree is that exile to Alta or Baja California was apparently considered to be a severe form of punishment. Despite the supposedly seditious nature of these meetings, one school of Mexican thought held that by preventing them, the Mexican government in fact prevented concerned patriots from assembling to formulate ideas to assist the country. ($400-800)

Sold. Hammer: $400.00; Price Realized: $470.00

Auction 21 Abstracts

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