The following lots (185-208) consist of ephemeral Mexican publications that are rarely encountered. By their nature, they were not really meant to survive. Many of them concern problems and issues in Texas, California, New Mexico, and other Mexican Borderland areas. They offer considerable insight into the day-to-day pressing events that needed to be addressed by Mexico as the Texas Revolution gradually built and unfolded. As such, there is an immediacy about them. Sometimes the information in this type of material cannot be found in standard sources such as Arrillaga and elsewhere. To fully appreciate the history north of the border, it is useful to understand the history from The Other Side.
185. MEXICO. ARMY. DIVISIÓN DEL NORTE. GENERAL EN GEFE. Noticia extraordinaria.... A las doce del dia de ayer he ocupado esta plaza con las tropas de mi brigada, habiendo convenido al Sr. general Urrea.... [Letter from Valentín Canalizo dated Monterrey June 21, 1839, reporting on the terms that he and Urrea have reached.] [Dated and signed at end]: Monterrey, June 21, 1839, Pedro de Valle. [Colophon]: Monterrey:=1839.--Imprenta del Gobierno, á cargo del C. Froylan de Mier. 2 pp., folio (30.7 x 21 cm), wove paper. Creased where formerly folded, otherwise fine.
First edition. After José de Urrea’s participation in combating the Texas Revolution, he basically spent the rest of his career fomenting one rebellion after another. At the time when the Republic of the Rio Grande was being contested by Federalists and Centralists, Urrea proclaimed Sinaloa and Sonora to be part of the Federalist system. However, he was defeated shortly thereafter, whereupon he fled to Durango and became involved in yet another uprising in conjunction with José Antonio Mexía (see Handbook of Texas Online), the end of which is documented here. On April 30, 1839, Santa-Anna reached Puebla first, thereby securing it for the Centralist forces. Three days later, Mexía and Urrea were defeated, whereupon Mexía was immediately executed.
Urrea managed to elude capture and, along with some of his followers, fled to Tampico, where he could have the advantage of its strong fortifications and gunboats in the port. General Arista soon conquered the city, but Urrea again managed to escape, fleeing to Tuxpan, which surrendered a few days later. The main document printed here, entitled “Capitulación de Tuxpan” and dated June 13, 1839, stipulates almost total amnesty for both troops and civilians who participated in the Federalist uprising. A final article contains Urrea’s agreement that he will return to private life. In reality, however, General Paredes had agreed that Urrea could be restored as a general in the Mexican army, an arrangement Santa-Anna annulled.
One of the ships Urrea had available to him at Tampico was the former Texas Navy schooner Independence, which had been captured in 1837 by the Mexicans; however, its crew was taken prisoner by Arista’s forces.
Tucson, Arizona, native Urrea (1797-1849) was a significant player in Borderland history for several decades. He died of cholera shortly after the Mexican-American War, in which he fought. See Handbook of Texas Online (José de Urrea). ($100-300)
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Copyright Dorothy Sloan 2007