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AUCTION 21

October 26, 2007

Centralist Skirmishes in Northern Mexico & The Pastry War

215. NUEVO LEÓN. LINARES. Collection of manuscript documents relating to conflict with the Republic of Texas, the Republic of Rio Grande, continuing Federalist-Centralist flurries in Northern Mexico, and the Pastry War. Nine autograph letters, signed, most originating from the Prefecture of Linares in southeastern Nuevo León, 1838-1840. Five items are 8vo; four are folio. Seventeen pages on seventeen leaves, some with integral blanks. All creased where formerly folded. One letter is moderately browned, otherwise overall condition is very good. Unusual local history.

            This group constitutes an interesting insight into the day-by-day affairs of a small Mexican town that is often called on to react to national problems and to do such things as supply the Mexican Army with various articles it needs. The collection consists of the following items:

[1] Joaquín García to Pedro José García, Monterrey, November 7, 1838. Personal letter to his dear friend reporting that, according to Lt. Colonel Francisco González Pavón, Licenciate José Antonio Canales has taken arms and munitions from the city council buildings of Camargo. Because of this suspicious development, he makes García responsible for whatever may happen and orders vigilance, states that he understands that Canales is heading for Monterrey or Montemorelos, and that if there is trouble, he will have González Pavón occupy Camargo. If Canales is arrested, he is to be sent to Monterrey, not to González Pavón. Canales was the father of Antonio Canales Rosillo, who was the main actor in setting up the Republic of the Rio Grande, for which he recruited troops in Texas itself. See Handbook of Texas: Antonio Canales Rosillo; Republic of Rio Grande.

[2] Circular letter to Prefects of Nuevo León from Gregorio de la Garza, Cruillas, January 7, 1840. Garza sends a letter (not present) from the commandant of the first flying company of Tamaulipas, Anastasio Parrodi, to General Mariano Arista, stating that the letter is important for the national good and should be sent with caution and with acknowledgement of receipt. Mariano Arista defeated the movement to establish the Republic of the Rio Grande in 1840, and went on to command the Mexican troops in the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, fought in Texas on May 8 and 9, 1846. See Handbook of Texas: Mariano Arista.

[3] Circular letter from Pedro José Garcia, Prefect of Linares, to the Ayuntamiento of Linares, December 8, 1838. Transmits orders of the Secretariat of Government of December 3, announcing the opening of war with France (i.e., The Pastry War), calling for defense of the nation, and ordering the district to organize a company of cavalry and a company of infantry for the defense of Nuevo León. He orders the enlistment of 100 infantrymen and 120 cavalrymen beginning on December 9, the actions to be initiated by December 11 and 12, respectively.

[4] Circular letter from Pedro José Garcia, Prefect of Linares, to Linares’ Chief Magistrate, December 10, 1838. Garcia transmits communiqué from Colonel Francisco González Pavón at Reynosa to the prefect of Cadereyta, to the effect that the rebels have approached Matamoros and captured the town, forced the retreat of Colonel Pedro Ampudia, and captured large numbers of horses, going to the other side of the river into Texas. He specifies that notice should be given to the prefectures of Linares and Montemorelos so that they will prevent the rebels from capturing pasture and horses. He also orders that appropriate measures be taken to protect pastures within his jurisdiction. This apparently relates to the continuing back and forth between the centralists and federalist rebels in the borderlands regions of Northern Mexico. See Handbook of Texas: Pedro de Ampudia.

[5] Circular letter from Pedro José Garcia, Prefect of Linares, to Linares’ City Council, December 12, 1838. Garcia orders the enlistment of companies of infantry and cavalry as set out on December 8 and states that the enlistees may not leave the city until the forces are perfectly organized. Relates to preceding.

[6] Note from Francisco de la Guerra Valdes, Prefect of Linares, to Linares’ Second Magistrate, February 10, 1840. Valdes informs the magistrate that the beeves and other aid requested for Colonel Ampudia will be facilitated at a fair price, as agreed.

[7] Note from Francisco de la Guerra Valdes, Prefect of Linares, to Linares’ Third Magistrate, February 10, 1840. Valdes states that a cartload of wheat straw is needed for Colonel Ampudia and orders him to see to it that it is delivered.

[8] Note from Francisco de la Guerra Valdes, Prefect of Linares, to Linares’ Chief Magistrate, February 10, 1840. The prefect sends a list (not present) of the distribution of the eighteen horses that, in addition to those lent, make up the forty needed by General Arista. He states that this is an urgent matter.

[9] Note from José María Moreno, Galeana Justice of the Peace, to the Linares’ Prefect, August 12, 1840. Mereno reports that on August 8, 1840, Generals Valentín Canalizo, Woll, and Conde arrived at Rancho de las Tapías with their escort and that the residents provided all necessary assistance so that they could continue their march.

($250-500)

Auction 21 Abstracts

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