A Grand Canyon & Colorado River Rarity with a Superb Map
Privately Printed in an Edition of Fifty Copies
42. BERTON, Francis. Un Voyage sur le Colorado par Francis Berton Membre Correspondant de la Société de Géographie de Genève. San Francisco, 1878. [1-5] 6-64 pp., 3 lithograph maps, 16 lithograph plates (see below), text illustrations. 8vo (21.5 x 13.3 cm), original blue ribbed cloth, title in gilt on upper cover. Spinal extremities very lightly worn, corners lightly bumped, very light shelf wear, and minor stains on upper cover (barely noticeable). Endpapers lightly browned, interior and plates very fine and fresh. The large folding map (often lacking) is absolutely superb. Title with author’s signed presentation to Monsieur Le Contre-Amiral Terre; red ink stamp in script lettering: “Avec les Compliments de l’Auteur”; small oval stamp effaced, but with remaining ink shelf mark: “K.408” (stamp repeated on p. 20 and at the bottom of p. 64).
Plates & Maps:
Map of Arizona Prepared Specially for R.J. Hinton’s hand book of Arizona Compiled from Official Maps of Military Division of the Pacific. Surveyor General’s Office A.T. & from the Notes of Col. W.G. Boyle Col. J.D. Graham, H. Ehrenberg, Prof. Pumpelly and Lieut. Philip Reade U.S.A. 1878. [left of title] Payot, Upham & Company Publishers & Wholesale Stationers 204 Sansome Street near Pine San Francisco. [right of title] Lith. Britton, Rey & Co. S.F. Copyright secured by Richard J. Hinton. [inset map at lower left] Map of the Southern Pacific Rail Road Connecting with the Central Pacific R.R. at Goshen 1877. Neat line to neat line: 88 x 61.2 cm; overall sheet size: 91 x 63.6 cm. Affixed to lower pastedown (as issued).
Jesuit Map of Arizona 1698. [above neat line at lower right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Image and title: 16.6 x 10 cm. Follows title. Kino’s map, see Burrus, Kino and the Cartography of Northwestern New Spain, between pp. 46-47.
Casa Grande | Gila Valley [below neat line at lower right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Image and title: 10.2 x 16.3 cm. Ruins of Casa Grande with one cowboy climbing on ruins while four others look on, one on a horse. Follows p. .
Plan of Loop | Tehachapi Pass | On the Line of | Southern Pacific R.R. [below title] G.E Gray. Chief Engineer. | W. Hood. Chief Ass. & Engr. [below lower neat line] F.T. Newbery. Del. | Lith. Britton & Rey. S.F. Image and title 9.4 x 16.2. Map shows railroad routes between Los Angeles and San Francisco with tunnel passes numbers 9, 10 and 11. A county road is noted with a double dotted line. Tehachapi Creek is located on map. The map shows topography without naming the elevations. Image of a decorative compass rose as crossed Indian arrows. Follows p. 6.
View of Loop | Tehachapi Pass. | S.P.R.R. [below lower neat line at right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Image and title: 10.4 x 16.4 cm. Rocky landscape of scrub and cacti with road winding around the bases of elevation in the topography. Follows p. 8.
San Fernando Tunnel | South Portal. [below lower neat line at right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Image and title: 10.2 x 16.4 cm. Railroad train steaming down the tracks toward lower left of image. At the base of a distant mountain is the tunnel. Various structures along the rail line. Follows p. 10.
Santa Monica Harbor | And Surroundings [below lower neat line at right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Image and title: 10.1 x 16.3 cm. Village on bay with structures clustered on a grid of streets; six ships in harbor, half with steam and half with sails; railroad train lower left travels toward the harbor. Follows p. 12.
Fort Yuma [below lower neat line at right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Image and title: 9.8 x 16.2 cm. Military structures on and approaching a prominent uplift at the edge of the water; U.S. flag flies outstretched over the left of the compound; a couple of rowboats and a sailboat on bay; trees in foreground. Follows p. 14.
Two images on one plate: [Upper image] Cactus Yucca [lower image] Steamer Cocopah [below neat line at lower right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Images and titles: 16.7 x 8.9 cm. Upper image shows multi-branched yucca with sparse cacti landscape. The lower image looks into a steamship with a couple of men standing on deck. The steamer is docked with a single plank to the river’s bank. A few structures and trees adorn the river’s edge. A man in a rowboat is on the calm river in the background. Follows p. 16.
Ancient Cliff House. [below neat line at lower right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Image and title: 17 x 9.2 cm. Two people look toward structures built within the cliffs that rise to the upper right of image. Sun rays light the cliff. Small tree and grass landscape in foreground. Follows p. 22.
The Grand Cañon of the Colorado [below neat line at lower right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Image and title: 9.9 x 16.4 cm. Image shows Colorado River falling over a precipice into the canyon. In the distance the winding river emerges in view between distant canyon walls. Small tree and grass landscape in foreground. Sun rays light the canyon. Follows p. 24.
Prescott | Capital of Arizona [below neat line at lower right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Image and title: 10 x 16.3 cm. Cluster of town streets and structures encircled by tree-covered hills. Faces p. 37.
Ruins of the Mission of Tumacacori | Destroyed by Apache Indians. [below neat line at lower right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Image and title: 10 x 16.3 cm. Mountains rising behind the abandoned mission. From center left in the image, sunlight illuminates wisps of clouds across the sky. Faces p. 43.
Grand Cañon of the Colorado-Mouth of Kanabwash, Looking East [below neat line at lower right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Image and title: 16.3 x 9.2 cm. River at center rushing through canyon walls rising from both sides of the image. Sunlight shines on distant mesa and clouds. Follows p. 44.
Indien Yuma. Indienne Yuma. Indienne Mohave. Indien Mohave. [below neat line at lower right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Image and title:9.6 x 16 cm. Image shows four Native Americans: two women and two men. A Mohave woman is sitting on a stump at center in the image and a Mohave man is standing behind her right in image. A Yuma woman is standing center next to the other woman. Behind her left in image is standing a Yuma man. The landscape is cacti and grasses. Mountains rise in the distance. Faces p. 48
Two images on one plate: [Upper] Entrée du Cañon du Colorado | Roche Fendue Surplombant le Fleuve [lower] Orangerie à Los Angeles. [below neat line at lower right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Images and titles: 9.8 x 16.1 cm. The image on the right shows a steamship traveling on the river next to rock pillars with rising mountains in the distance. The left image is an orange orchard with palm trees. Faces p. 50.
The Saguara [below neat line at lower right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Image and title: 16.8 x 9.2 cm. Image shows a couple of saguaros as upright cacti center in the image, a few others are in the background. Lower left are shorter growing prickly pear cactus. Standing in the shadow of a center saguaro is a Native American with a walking stick and spear. Faces p. 52.
Two images on one plate: [Upper] Chimney Pick [lower] Pont du Chemin de fer à Yuma sur le Colorado. [below neat line at lower right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Images and titles: 16.3 x 8.8 cm. The upper image is a cactus landscape with a vertical rock formation standing in the topography. The lower image is a river scene with a docked steamship and a railroad bridge. A person is in a rowboat on the water. Faces p. 58.
Loop Line |Tehachapi Pass | S.P.R.R. [below neat line at lower right] Lith. Britton. Rey & Co. S.F. Image and title: 10.4 x 16.4 cm. Image shows engine of a train emerging from a tunnel center of image. Another train is traveling across the image horizon in the distance. One man stands and another sits below a tree to the left of the tunnel. They appear to be holding rifles. Faces p. 62.
First edition, 50 copies privately printed. Cowan II, p. 51. Edwards, Desert Voices, p. 27. Edwards, Lost Oases along the Carrizo, p. 75 : “The author leaves San Francisco in April, 1878, and crosses the San Joaquin and Merced Rivers, the Tehachapi Pass, the Mohave Desert, the San Fernando Valley, Los Angeles, San Gorgonio Pass, the Colorado Desert (with special mention of Seven Palms, Indio, and Dos Palmas). Pp. 14-15 (Mojave) and pp. 22-26 and 93-95 (Colorado) afford us our direct desert references.” Holliday Sale 85. Howell 50, California:1475: “The charming lithographs and maps were prepared by Britton and Rey of San Francisco, and include a map and view of the Tehachapi Pass, the San Fernando Tunnel, and Santa Monica Harbor.” Howes B394. Nasatir, French Activities in California, p. 416. Spamer, Grand Canyon, p. 16. Streeter Sale 523.
Farquhar, The Books of the Colorado River & The Grand Canyon 29:
The rare map also appeared in Hinton’s 1878 Hand-Book to Arizona: Its Resources, History, Towns, Mines, Ruins, and Scenery, “the earliest book on mining in Arizona” (Bancroft, Arizona & New Mexico, pp. 592-593), but the map is seldom found in the book. Streeter had the map in pocket map format. The Anderson Sale (1686:552) and the Eberstadts (110:8 & 167:46) list an 1877 version in pocket map format. Streeter Sale 525 (1878 edition, but colored): “The northern boundary of Arizona is still the 37th parallel, but only to the 114th meridian. That meridian, south to the Colorado River at a little north of 36° and continuing along the Colorado, is now the western boundary. The line of the proposed Atlantic and Pacific R.R. is shown more or less along the line of the 35th parallel, with the Southern Pacific partially lined up along the Gila in Western Arizona. TWS.”
The expansive map emphasizes the growing prospects of the area, especially mining, transportation, and communication opportunities. Numerous grants and other areas are shown already platted. Although they have yet to arrive, the proposed routes of the Southern Pacific Railroad and the Texas and Pacific Railroad are shown, the former dipping below the 32nd parallel into the area that comprised the Gadsden Purchase. The Texas and Pacific, however, follows the route along the Gila River. The inset map shows the proposed route of the Southern Pacific and Central Pacific railroads from Yuma to Sacramento.
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