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AUCTION 22

 

Oversize Map of Richland County, Ohio, with Directories for each Town

 

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363.     [MAP]. SMITH, Robert Pearsall (publisher), et al. Map of Richland Co. Ohio from Actual Surveys by P. O’Byrne. 1856. Matthews & Taintor Publishers 17 & 19 Minor St. Philadelphia. Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1856 by Robert Pearsall Smith in the Clerk’s office of the district court of the eastern district of Pennsylvania; [14 insets, from top left, counterclockwise] [1] [view of architecture] Court House [2] [street map and directory] Lucas [3] [street map and directory] Lexington, [4] [street map] Independence [5] [statistical tables] Statistics of Richland Co.… Population… Education… Denominations… Agriculture… [6] [street map and directory] Plymouth [7] [street map and directory] Bellville [8] [street map and directory] Rome [9] [street map and directory] Olivesburgh [10] [street map and directory] Ontario [11] [street map and directory] Newville [12] [street map and directory] Shelby [13] [directory] Directory of Mansfield… [14] [street map] Plan of the Town of Mansfield…. Philadelphia, 1856. Lithograph map with townships outlined in original bright pink, decorative border, 42 sections mounted on contemporary cartographical linen, original pink cotton selvages, four original brass hanging rings, and one section with blue, brown, and green marbled paper on verso; border to border: 146 x 99 cm; overall sheet size: 152.5 x 103 cm. Except for a few minor losses of backing and some light browning at folds, very fine.

     First edition. Phillips, Maps of America, p. 747. We locate only one copy, at the Library of Congress. The most unusual feature of this mammoth cartographical production is the manner in which it combines street maps with key business directories for every town shown on the insets, resulting in both a map and a directory of the county. Because of its generous size, the map includes an astonishing amount of detail. It shows all settlements, waterways, roads, swampy and low-lying areas, railroads, and even lists the names of every landowner along with the amount of acreage in each tract. Richland County was established in 1813. By 1856, the population was slightly over 30,000 and the number of sheep was 96,341. Mansfield, Ohio, and Richland are remembered as places where John Chapman (Johnny Appleseed) spent a great deal of time.

     Matthews & Taintor of Philadelphia also created a map of Portage County, Ohio (Phillips, America, p. 716). Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers, revised edition (Vol. III, p. 341) lists only the present map for surveyor O’Byrne (or O’Beirne). By far the most interesting of the collaborators on this map was copyright holder and publisher Robert Pearsall Smith (1827-1899), a descendant of Pennsylvania Quakers including James Logan. Although best known as a member of the Holiness Movement, where he was a prominent speaker in both the U.S. and abroad, he also was a Philadelphia map publisher and produced maps by the famous James Charles Sidney, an architect and surveyor employed for a time by the Library Company of Philadelphia. According to Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers, revised edition (Vol. IV, p. 173, photographic portrait on p. 179), he was an early advocate of lithography and produced more than 150 maps and city plans. In 1888, Smith and his family moved to England. See also Ristow, American Maps and Mapmakers.

($1,500-3,000)

 

Auction 22 Abstracts

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