Oversize 1891 Map of Sinaloa with Insets & Bird’s-Eye Views
330. [MAP]. MARTÍNEZ DE CASTRO, Mariano. Mapa Oficial [bust portrait of Porfirio Díaz with Mexican flag and other symbols of Mexico] del estado de Sinaloa México levantado bajo la inmediata dirección del Gobernador del Estado Ingeniero Mariano Martínez de Castro 1891 [key with symbols] [ornate seal of Sinaloa] Dedicado por su autor al Señor General Don Porfirio Díaz Presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos [facsimile signature and rubric] Mariano Martz de Castro [scale] Escala [below lower neat line] London: Stanford’s Geographical Establishment [11 inset maps and views from upper left]:  Ciudad y Puerto de Mazatlán [coastal chart and town plan];  Mapa general de la República de México [railroad map of Mexico, U.S. Borderlands, and northern Central America];  Plano y perfiles de los caminos de Mazatlán á Durango [map and elevation];  Mapa etnográfico del estado [tribal lands from the Yaqui south to Tepehuanes];  Mapa industrial del estado de Sinaloa [minerals, smelters, sugar factories, wineries, irrigation canals, etc.];  Puerto de Topolobampo [regional map with projected town site of Ciudad de González];  Topolobampo [bird’s-eye view of the region, signed in print at lower right: T.S.];  Plaza de Armas-Culiacán [view of main plaza, cathedral, and other architecture, signed in print at lower left: T.S.];  Palacio de Gobierno [view of Governor’s Palace];  Puerto de Altata con la Bahía. Según Plano del Ingro. Mariano Martínez de Castro [coastal chart];  Mazatlán [bird’s-eye view of the town and harbor with ships and islands in distance]. London: Stanford’s Geographical Establishment, 1891. Lithograph map on heavy paper, showing the Mexican state of Sinaloa and parts of Sonora, Durango, and Chihuahua, original color wash of coastlines and bodies of water in pale green and blue, boundaries pink, sectioned and mounted on new cartographical linen (24 sections), new marbled paper on verso of two sections. Neat line to neat line: 106.2 x 177.6 cm; overall sheet size: 109.2 x 181.3 cm. Professionally mounted on new linen, varnish removed, overall light browning with a few light stains, a few minor voids expertly infilled, a few small areas supplied in expert facsimile, overall a well-preserved copy in very good condition. Very rare.
First edition of this version. This basic map appeared in various editions and formats in 1891. The Library of Congress and the Bancroft, for example, hold a smaller version measuring about 86 x 85 cm with all of the insets found here. Another edition measuring 105 x 87 cm was also published and basically consists of the central portion of the present map. (See El Territorio Mexicano, Vol. II, p. 550, where it is illustrated.) In all likelihood, all of these maps were printed in London by the same lithographer. The present version is the most elaborate and robust manifestation of this map, far larger than the others.
This map expresses an explosion of progress and national pride promoted by President Porfirio Díaz. Numerous details fill the image, from roads to railroads. The industrial inset emphasizes the mining interests there; mining is by far the most frequently encountered industry. The main port of Mazatlán is given great prominence. Also of significant importance is the development at Topolobampo, where A.K. Owen’s proposed colony is shown (see Item 349 herein). In all, this map is a depiction of a progressive state on the move. As with many Mexican maps of the time, it was probably intended to promote foreign investment in the area.
Engineer Mariano Martínez de Castro (1841-1901) is considered one of the leading figures of Sinaloa history in the nineteenth century. He held various public offices, including the governorship. He contributed to the modernization and commercialization of his region through the development of railroads, telegraph lines, ports, etc. (see Dicc. Porrúa).
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