Oversize Map of Central U.S. Railroad System—Superb, Original Condition
373. [MAP]. WOODWARD & TIERNAN PRINTING COMPANY (publisher). Map of the Missouri Pacific Railway, Denver & Rio Grande Railroad, Rio Grande Western Railway, Rio Grande Southern Railroad, St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern Railroad, Texas & Pacific Railway, International & Great Northern Railroad, St. Louis Southwestern Railway, Leased, Operated & Independent Lines and Connections [right of title at lower margin, color key and explanation, with 20 colored bars denoting railroads] Explanation of Colors… [below lower neat line at right] Woodward & Tiernan Printing Co., Map Engravers, St. Louis. St. Louis, n.d. [late nineteenth or early twentieth century]. Lithograph wall map with original black wooden rods, printed on stiff polished paper, original tinting of land masses in pale yellow, water in blue, boundary lines for states in bright yellow, border with Mexico in orange, railroad lines in vivid primary colors, neat line to neat line: 101 x 137 cm, overall sheet size: 105 x 143 cm. Lower margin browned from paint transfer from rod, short tear at lower margin with no losses, otherwise exceptionally fine with superb color retention and original selvages on verso. The unusual paper on which the map was printed, with its smooth, waxy finish and stiff yet flexible quality, has resulted in this large wall map retaining its original condition, unlike most wall maps from this period, which tend to be train wrecks. Very rare.
Not in the Newberry collection, Modelski’s two works on railroad maps, Library of Congress, Yale, Rumsey, or other standard sources. Another map of the same title, which is commonly found, was published by Rand McNally and Company in 1900, but at 60 x 61 cm (dimensions from the Yale copy), it is considerably smaller. The map encompasses the territory east to west from Prescott, Arizona, to the western border of Alabama (including Mobile), and north from a line running roughly from Ogden, Utah, to Chicago (i.e., the 42nd parallel), and thence south to Laredo, Texas (i.e., the 27th parallel). Major cities shown include New Orleans, Houston, Dallas, Fort Worth, Austin, San Antonio, El Paso, Ogden, and Chicago. Though undated, the map was probably published around the turn of the century, since it shows only a projected railroad line to Beaumont, Texas. By the early 1900s, Beaumont had several lines running to it (including the Missouri Pacific) as a result of the Spindletop gusher of 1901.
The printing and publishing firm of Woodward & Tiernan was the Rand McNally, Jr. of the day. Their work is easy enough to find in myriad railroad timetables, annual reports of various railroad companies, and the deluge of transportation and related land promotionals that flooded the United States during the late nineteenth century. In 1898, at the pinnacle of its history, Woodward & Tiernan’s premises covered 148,000 square feet and its staff numbered around seven hundred under the direct supervision of Mr. Woodward and his three sons. During the Civil War, Woodward was a member of the Missouri Home Guards, and served as 3rd Sergeant of Company K, 1st Regiment under General E.C. Pike in the effort to repel the invasion of General Sterling Price in 1864. See National Cyclopedia of Biography, p. 26 (William Henry Woodward).
Sold. Hammer: $1,400.00; Price Realized: $1,680.00
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