Handsome Texas Pocket Map in Superb Condition
376. [MAP]. YOUNG, J[ames] H[amilton]. Map of the State of Texas from the Latest Authorities, by J.H. Young. Published by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. Philadelphia. 1854. J.L. Hazzard sculp. [below neat line at left] Entered According to Act of Congress, in the Year 1850, by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., in the Clerk’s Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. [inset map at upper left] Northern Texas on the Same Scale as the Larger Map [inset at lower left] Map of the Vicinity of Galveston City. Lithograph map within ornate border in yellow, map with original full hand color, neat line to neat line: 32.3 x 40 cm; overall sheet size: 33 x 40.5 cm. Numerous descriptive texts on navigability of the Rio Grande, population and statistics of Texas, and railroads in Texas. Bound in pocket covers (12.7 x 8.4 cm), original blind-embossed burgundy roan, original leather label on upper cover lettered in gilt: Mitchell’s Map of Texas, with small printed broadside (12 x 7.4 cm) affixed to pastedown entitled: Population of Texas, by Counties, in 1850, original brown pastedowns. A few tiny voids, small minor stain at lower right, otherwise very fine, the covers exceptionally well-preserved. Pocket maps of Texas in such fine condition are increasingly difficult to find.
The roots of this map may be traced back to J.H. Young’s wonderful series of maps of the Republic of Texas which came out under the title of A New Map of Texas with the Contiguous American and Mexican States beginning in 1835 (Streeter 1178 lists eight editions published in the pre-Republic and Republic era). This map is an early intermediary issue of Young’s 1850 map. The copyright date is unchanged, but the map shows Edinburg in Cameron County. Habitación was renamed Edinburg in 1852 and made county seat of the newly formed Hidalgo County. Here the new county seat is shown, but the county itself is not, and the county is not listed on the small broadside census. In upper Texas, the northern route of the Union Pacific railroad is shown, but the alternate route from San Antonio to El Paso is not; the latter appeared on later iterations of the map (see Taliaferro, Cartographic Sources in the Rosenberg Library 311A and 311B).
Reflecting the progress and westward push of Texas settlers, this map shows a well-organized eastern Texas with many counties, with railroads (both existing and proposed) and roads connecting most towns. In the unsettled west a few roads, passes, trails, and forts are shown, including the so-called “Emigrant’s Route” which links up with Whiting and Smith’s route to El Paso. Emigrants who stayed are reflected in the notation “German Settlements” shown on the Llano River just east of Fort Mason. The map shows Texas’ border with New Mexico as decided in the Compromise of 1850.
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