New Mexico Emigration & Economic Development in 1803
Promotion of Textile Arts
441. [NEW MEXICO EMIGRATION]. SPAIN. LAWS (August 26, 1803). [Decree of August 26, 1803, establishing incentives for settlement and promotion of New Mexico]. [At top] D. Joseph de Yturrigaray, Caballero profeso de la Orden de Santiago, Teniente General de los Real Exércitos, Virey…. [text commences] Deseoso el Rey nuestra Señor de proporcionar á la Provincia de Nuevo México, una de las Internas de este Reyno, el fomento y felicidad de que ha carecido á causa de la remota distancia.... [at end] Dado en México á 20 de Octubre de 1803. [Mexico City, 1803]. Folio (43 x 31 cm). Broadside on watermarked laid paper with two ink sello cuarto seals on verso. Signed in type by Joseph de Yturrigaray with his paraph and in ink by José Ignacio Negreyros y Soria. Creased where formerly folded, light edge soiling, otherwise a fine, untrimmed copy of a rare, important broadside.
First edition. Porrúa 7663. Not in Medina, México. By making these important exceptions to normal colonial economic and trade policies, Charles IV attempted to help New Mexico grow and flourish. Among the orders and provisions meant to accomplish these ends are forgiving taxes on precious metals mined in the area, the establishment of an annual fair, and a promise to send skilled artisans in textiles and fabrics from Mexico City to promote local industry (“artesanos inteligentes en las Artes de Texidos y Fábricas, á fin de que se propague y fomente la industria en aquel Pais”). Like all of Spain’s Borderland territories at that time, New Mexico was badly underpopulated and severely underdeveloped. As liberal as these measures were, they made little difference in the situation on the ground.
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