A Bishopric Authorized for Santa Fe, New Mexico, in 1813
438. [NEW MEXICO]. SPAIN. LAWS (January 26, 1813). SUPREMO MINISTERIO DE LA GOBERNACIÓN DE ULTRAMAR. [Decree of January 26, 1813, promulgated by Felix María Calleja del Rey, establishing a bishopric and seminary in New Mexico]. [At top] Don Felix María Calleja del Rey, Bruder, Losada, Flores, Campeño, Montero de Espinosa, Mariscal de Campo de los Exércitos Nacionales.... [text commences] Por el Supremo Ministerio de la Gobernación de Ultramar se me ha comunicado en Real orden de 16 de Febrero último el Real decreto siguiente…. Se establecerá un Obispado en la Ciudad de Santa Fé, Capital de la Provincia del Nuevo México…tambien un Colegio Seminario de Estudios mayores. [at end] Dado en México a 14 de Agosto de 1813. [Mexico City, 1813]. Folio (31 x 21.5 cm). Broadside on laid paper watermarked (ARCE) and stamped on verso in ink with fourth seal. With rubric of Felix Calleja and ink signature of Manuel Martínez del Campo. Slight marginal dust soiling, otherwise fine.
First Mexican edition. Not in Medina, México. Despite this decree, nothing came of the new bishopric or the seminary. It was not until the arrival of Jean Baptiste Lamy in 1850 that New Mexico had a bishop. This was a momentous year in New Spain, however, since several significant religious laws were put into force, including one disbanding the Inquisition and another seizing its assets, which allowed Calleja del Rey to use its wealth to rebuild the Royalist army after he was appointed viceroy.
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