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Mexico Opens Republic of Texas Ports in October 1836

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533.     [TEXAS REVOLUTION]. MEXICO (Republic). LAWS (October 15, 1836). SECRETARÍA DE HACIENDA (José Justo Corro). [Decree of October 15, 1836, opening the ports north of Matamoros to importation of provisions intended for the Mexican Army in Texas]. [At top] El C. Luis Gonzaga Vieyra, Coronel retirado y Gobernador del Departamento de México [text commences] Por la Secretaría de Hacienda se me ha dirijido con fecha de 15 del actual, el decreto siguiente…. El permiso concedido por el decreto del Congreso general de 16 de Julio último para la importación de viveres por Matamoros.... [at end] Dado en la ciudad de Toluca á 20 de Octobre de 1836. [Toluca, October 20, 1836]. 4to (31.4 x 21.6 cm). Broadside on laid watermarked paper. Creased where formerly folded, otherwise fine.

     Department of Mexico edition. Streeter (881) lists only the Mexico City edition, first issued by the President of Mexico on October 15, 1836 (Streeter Sale 348). Eberstadt, Texas 162:527. This decree opens ports north of Matamoros to importation of the provisions listed in the lower part of the broadside and exempts them from import duties if they are shipped in Mexican bottoms. At this time, Mexico was still reeling from the loss at San Jacinto and Santa-Anna’s capture. This decree represents a certain degree of wishful thinking, since the only ports north of Matamoros were on the Texas coast and were yet to be recaptured by Mexico.

     The provisions mentioned include grain, rice, sugar, cocoa, chocolate, coffee, chiles, meat, beans, hard tack, garbanzas, lentils, corn, butter, pasta, salt, cured pork, and tea, giving a glimpse of the Mexican military diet.


Sold. Hammer: $250.00; Price Realized: $300.00

Auction 22 Abstracts

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