Detailed Report on U.S.-Mexican Relations

Emphasis on Borderlands

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46. [BORDERLANDS]. MEXICO (Republic). MINISTERIO DE RELACIONES EXTERIORES. Memoria que en cumplimiento del precepto constitucional presentó al octavo Congreso de la Union en el primer periodo de sus sesiones Juan de Dios Arias, oficial mayor encargado del Ministerio de Relaciones [wrapper title] Memoria del Ministerio de Relaciones. 1875.Mexico: Imprenta del “Eco de Ambos Mundos,” Hospital Real número 3, 1875.  [1-3] 4-79 [1, blank], [4], [1] 2-3 [1, blank], [1] 2-18, [1] 2-4, [1] 2-4, [1] 2-3 [1, blank], [1] 2-7 [1, blank], [1-3] 4-69 [1, blank], [2], [1] 2-22, [8], [1] 2-38, [2] pp., 4 folded tables. Folio (34.2 x 24.5 cm), recent half brown calf over marbled boards, spine gilt lettered and decorated, raised bands, with original upper purple printed wrapper bound in. Wrapper clumsily recolored and slightly wrinkled and stained. Interior very fine, untrimmed and partly unopened.

     First edition of a very important, detailed report that reveals much about U.S.-Mexican relations at the time. Not in Palau or other standard sources. See Latin America: A Guide to Economic History 2885 (similar imprint, but dated 1874). Included as Anexo 1 is the well-known Borderlands report, Informe de la Comisión Pesquisidora de la Frontera del Noroeste; see: Adams, Guns 1108. Adams, Herd 558 & 2264. Graff 2765. Howes I32. Palau 119576–119578.

     Although the author states that relationships with the U.S. remain basically sound and cordial (p. 13), the text through page 49 is filled with a litany of troubles that the U.S. wants Mexico to address and some that Mexico wants the U.S. to address. Most troubling are the frequent robberies and killings of U.S. citizens living in Mexico, some of which occur in broad daylight and with which the Mexican authorities seem to make little progress in solving, to the U.S.’s frustration. The recounting of these atrocities and their resolution takes up most of the discussion. To the contrary, the old problem of Native American raids into Sonora is addressed (pp. 27-30), a situation that Mexico declares the U.S. is not doing enough to prevent. Finally, Mexican cross-border raids from Matamoros into Corpus Christi drew vigorous U.S. protests and even rumors of a U.S. invasion to stop the problem. The main discussion ends on p. 75, most of the text having been taken up at that point with issues between Mexico and the U.S.

     The remaining text consists of appendixes and printings of various documents, including the 1875 treaty establishing the Comisión Mista, which was formed to settle claims between the two countries. Two of the folded tables list all the claims of both Mexican and U.S. citizens against the other country that were decided by the Comisión. Also included is a long report from the never-ending Comisión Pesquisidora concerning depredations and crimes committed by the U.S. and its citizens against the Mexican populace (pp. [1]-69).

     In addition to those reports, there are numerous other documents and discussions of Mexico’s relations with Guatemala, for example, and European powers. Diplomatic ties with other countries are strengthened through the ratification and designation of treaties and conventions.


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