AUCTION 23

 
 

A Visual & Textual Effusion in Honor of Cinco de Mayo
& Hero of the Day, Tejano General Zaragosa Seguín

 
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96. [CINCO DE MAYO]. CARRASCO, José (editor). 5 de mayo de 1862 periodico ilustrado editor y director José Carrasco colaboradores: Rafael de Zays Enriquez...[et al.] 5 de Mayo de 1898. Precio del ejemplar, un peso.... [Mexico, 1898]. [4], [1-3] 4-17 [1, blank] pp. (text printed in triple columns), title within ornamental border, 7 plates: lithograph half title (illustrated allegorical title of winged Victory distributing laurels above a battle scene at Puebla on May 5, 1862), plus 6 unattributed lithograph plates (life-size bust portraits: Zaragoza, Berriozabal, Díaz, Méndez, Negrete, and Cravioto); folded leaf at end with descriptive text (official report by Zaragoza, etc. originally printed at Puebla May 9, 1862) surrounding lithograph map: Plano Oficial de la Batalla que tuvo lugar el dia 5 de Mayo de 1862, en los suburbios de la Ciudad de Puebla, entre las fuerzas mexicanas y las francesas, que fueron rechazadas al emprender el asalto del cerro de Guadalupe (leaf measures approximately 44 x 65 cm; map measures 29.2 x 33.5 cm). Folio (44 x 32.5 cm), original green lithograph and letterpress wrappers bound in later dark olive green gilt-lettered cloth. Wraps lightly faded around outer margins and on back wrap where formerly folded. Interior and plates very fine. OCLC locates 3 copies (University of Texas at Austin; University of New Mexico at Albuquerque; University of Wisconsin at Madison).

     First edition. Palau 45086. A handsome Cinco de Mayo tribute with excellent lithography, this rare work consists basically of biographies, poetry, other literary musings, and an elaborate folding battle plan with a detailed explanation, including a report by General Zaragoza. The battle scene on the illustrated half title was adapted from Escalante and Iriarte’s large colored print Batalla Ganada a los Franceses. The folded leaf with the map is also an adaptation of an earlier map published by Cumplido in 1862. The date is observed in the United States as a celebration of Mexican heritage and pride. In the state of Puebla, the date is observed to commemorate the Mexican Army’s against-all-odds victory over French forces at the Battle of Puebla under the leadership of General Ignacio Zaragoza Seguín (1829–1862). General Zaragoza was born in the Mexican-Texas village of Bahía del Espirítu Santo (now Goliad, Texas), in what was then Coahuila y Tejas. He was the son of Miguel G. Zaragoza and María de Jesús Seguín, niece of Erasmo Seguín and cousin of Juan Seguín.

     Handbook of Texas Online: “Zaragoza’s well-armed, well-trained men forced the withdrawal of the French troops from Puebla to Orizaba. The number of French reported killed ranged from 476 to 1,000, although many of the troops were already ill from their stay in the coastal lowlands. Mexican losses were reported to be approximately eighty-six. Although the French captured Mexico City the next summer, the costly delay at Puebla is believed to have shortened the French intervention in Mexico and changed its outcome, since the French were planning to aid Confederate forces in Texas during the Civil War. In addition, the battle rekindled the spirit of the Mexican people to win and preserve their independence.... On September 11, 1862, President Juárez issued a decree changing the name of the city of Puebla de los Angeles to Puebla de Zaragoza and making Cinco de Mayo a national holiday. Zaragoza became one of the great national heroes of Mexico. Songs have been written in his honor, and schools, plazas, and streets have been named either Zaragoza or Cinco de Mayo. Each year on May 5, Zaragoza societies meet throughout Mexico and in a number of Texas towns.” The Goliad State Historical Park has a ten-foot statue of Zaragoza.

($500-1,000)

Sold. Hammer: $500.00; Price Realized: $612.50.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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