AUCTION 23

 
 

“A fine map such as we have learned to expect from both Charles Drayton Gibbes and Warren Holt”—Wheat

 
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629. [MAP]. GIBBES, Cha[rle]s Drayton (cartographer) & Warren Holt (publisher). Map of the States of California and Nevada. Carefully Compiled from the Latest Authentic Sources. By Chas. Drayton Gibbes, C.E. Comprising Information Obtained from the U.S. Coast and Land Surveys; State Geological Surveys, by Prof. J.D. Whitney, Railroad Surveys and the Results of Explorations made by Brevet Lieut. Col. R.S. Williamson, U.S.A., Henry de Groot, C.D. Gibbes, and Others. Published by Warren Holt. No. 607 Clay St. 1873. San Francisco, Cal... Entered According to Act of Congress in the Year 1873 by Warren Holt in the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington [lower center above border] S.B. Linton (Formerly of the U.S. Coast Survey) Draughtsman & Lithographer 148-1/2 S. Fourth Street Philadelphia, Pa. [insets and text above title]: [1] Judicial Districts of California. And the Counties Composing the Same;[2, symbols for gold, silver, copper, quicksilver, tin, coal, oil springs; key with colors] Explanations;[3] United States Land Districts. San Francisco, 1873. Lithograph map on bank note paper, original outline hand coloring (vivid rose at boundary of California), original full color wash on California and Nevada; geometric ornamental border, border to border: 90.1 x 79 cm; overall sheet size: 102 x 85 cm. Folded into original pocket covers (15.5 x 10.1 cm), original terracotta cloth lettered in gilt on upper cover: Holt’s Map of California and Nevada, both covers blind-ruled. Map: Other than a few minor fold splits (no losses, very fine with excellent color. Pocket covers: Spine chipped with minor losses and weak, cloth spotted faded lightly rubbed.

     Gibbes’ maps of California and Nevada were constantly updated as new information and improvements became available, See next entry for a later version of this map, on a new stone and extensively revised. Rumsey 5154. Streeter Sale 3939: “A smaller but updated version of the Gibbes’ 1869 map. There are still only three counties for all of Southern California, but Nevada has added three new counties and more settlements are shown to the south. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West #1240 & Vol. V (part 2), p. 285: “Charles Drayton Gibbes, C.E., assumed responsibility as compiler, though this map is the lineal descendant of the 1869 production [Streeter Sale 3930] in which Gibbes appeared as one of several authors. This edition is considerably reduced in size, now on a scale of 18 miles to an inch...and the 10, 20, and 30 mile limitations affecting railroad land grants are marked. More detail is provided in southern Nevada, and the whole map has been updated more or less; in short, this is a fine map such as we have learned to expect from both Charles Drayton Gibbes and Warren Holt.” Wheat (1208 & V, pp. 268-269) remarks of the 1869 map: “No amount of time spent on this map would be wasted; its detail is fascinating,” an observation that applies equally to the present edition. Although on a smaller scale than the 1869, the present map is also quite detailed and shows many of the changes and improvements that have occurred since the 1869 edition was published. The continuing progress, for example, of the railroad systems in the state is quite obvious with their land grants carefully indicated in manuscript colors. Hundreds of small towns, villages, and other settlements are indicated. As always, careful attention is meted out to minerals.

     Cartographer Gibbes and publisher Holt were responsible for some of the more important and influential maps of California and Nevada during the mid- and late nineteenth century. Holt (active and prolific between 1862-1875) also issued Gibbes’ 1869 map. Gibbes’ cartographical career commenced after his arrival in the Gold Rush, including his landmark Gold Rush maps: A New Map of the Gold Region in California printed in Stockton in 1851 (Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Regions 192) and his 1852 Map of the Southern Mines (Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Regions 157), which also appeared in Carson’s 1852 Recollections of the California Mines (Zamorano 80 #16). After a distinguished career as a mapmaker and civil engineer in California, Gibbes (1813-1893) became curator of mineralogy at the California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, following which he retired on a small pension. As Wheat notes, he left “a record of long-continued and important scientific service in his adopted state.” Philadelphia lithographer and engraver S. Benton Linton was one of the prominent map printers of the late nineteenth century.

($2,000-4,000)

Sold. Hammer: $2,000.00; Price Realized: $2,450.00.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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