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Auction 6: Lots 131-140

131. [MAP: WORLD (CALIFORNIA AS AN ISLAND)]. SEUTTER, Matthaeus. Diversi Globi Terr-aqvei statione Variante et Visu Intercedente.... [Augsburg, ca. 1734-40]. Engraved map. 50.1 x 58.2 cm. (19-3/4 x 22-15/16 inches). Original full coloring. Scale not stated. Double hemisphere map surrounded by 8 smaller projections and 4 circular diagrams; dark cross-hatched background with wind-faces and clouds; 2 ornate cartouches. Fine copy of this dramatically executed map.

This visually striking map represents an early example of advanced cartographic technique. In addition to the equatorial hemispheres, Seutter presents polar projections, optical views, and oblique projections. Seutter closely follows Carel Allard's 1696 world map, with slight changes to the major hemispheres and repeating the projections and diagrams. California is shown as an island with indented northern coastline and "Terra Essonis" extending west from North America. Phillips, Atlases 583:3 or 593:2. Shirley 578n.
($3,200-4,200) $3,680.00

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French Popple

132. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. LE ROUGE, [Georges Louis]. Amerique Septentrionale suivant la Carte de Pople faite à Londres in 20 feuilles. Paris, 1742. Engraved map of North America east of the Rio Grande, including the Caribbean. 51.5 x 48.5 cm. (20-1/4 x 19-1/8 inches). Original outline coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 20 leagues. Imprint within a pictorial cartouche of Native Americans, alligator, monkeys, parrot, Europeans landing goods from ships. Small insets of 18 towns and harbors at right margin. Edges of large blank margins (over 6 inches wide) a bit rough and short split at centerfold (neither affecting image), otherwise a fine copy of a map seldom found in commerce.

A reduced (but augmented) French version of Popple's A Map of the British Empire in America (London, 1733), the "first large scale English map of America" (Tooley, America, pp. 315-16). Popple's grand map had considerable influence, being reprinted in Holland and France. The present map, which reproduces Popple's pictorial cartouche, appeared in Le Rouge's Recueil des Cartes Nouvelles (Paris, 1742), and also his Atlas général (1741-62), both very rare works. Cumming 254: "This is one of the reduced 'key' type copies of Popple's map, made in France by Le Rouge.... This map gives more detail than the Popple map of the Carolina region." Phillips, Atlases 5975:140. Le Rouge, a military engineer, devoted himself to cartography between 1740 and 1780, creating many handsome works, including maps, plans of fortifications, campaign maps, town plans, sea charts, and atlases. The western boundary of Louisiana is west of the Colorado River and extends south of the Rio Grande into present-day Mexico.

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One of the Last Maps to Depict California as an Island

Item 133 - detail

133. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA (CALIFORNIA AS AN ISLAND)]. SEALE, Richard William. A Map of North America with the European Settlements & Whatever Else is Remarkable in ye West Indies, from the Latest Observations. [London, 1745]. Engraved map of North America. 37.4 x 46.6 cm. (14-3/4 x 18-3/8 inches). Outline coloring. Scale not stated. Ornate title cartouche with decorative scroll-work and botanical elements; small compass rose, prevailing winds. Very fine.

This highly decorative and famous English map of America appeared in Tindal's Continuation of Rapin's History of England (1744-47). Leighly 173: "By this time [1745] new maps showing California as an island were few and far between. Seale's map is among the last to be engraved." McLaughlin, The Mapping of California as an Island 228. Wheat, Transmississippi West 124. Tooley, The Mapping of America ("California as an Island") 97. The western border of Louisiana is placed at the Nueces River and its northern border at about the 37th parallel. California is shown as an island with indented northern coast, just two years before King Ferdinand VII of Spain decreed that California was not an island. The entrance to the Straits of Annian are shown.

Item 134 - detail

134. [MAP: NEW SPAIN]. BOWEN, Emanuel. A New & Accurate Map of Mexico or New Spain together with California New Mexico &c.... [London, 1748]. Engraved map extending from Panama to Santa Fe. 35.3 x 42.0 cm. (13-7/8 x 16-1/2 inches). Later outline coloring. Scale 1 inch = approximately 48 leagues. Title within masonry-type cartouche with illustration to right: man in European dress holding a sword over two bound Native Americans on their knees before him; small compass rose. Inset: The Gallapagos Islands. 14.6 x 10.8 cm. (5-3/4 x 4-1/4 inches). Very fine.

A retrogressive map except in the respect of showing California as a peninsula and referring to Kino. Bowen states in printed text at the top: California, which has been Described and Represented as an Island, even by very modern Geographers, was Discover'd by Father Eusebius Francis Kino a Jesuit, to be a Peninsula between the Years 1698 and 1701 who, together with other Jesuit Missionaries, travelled either by Land & converted, a great Number of Natives." The mouth of the Rio Colorado of the North is almost correctly shown. Phillips, Atlases 614:56 (gives source of present map as Complete Atlas or Distinct View of the Known World.... London, 1752). Wheat, Transmississippi West 126 & p. 71: "The Newberry Library copy of this map is dated 1748 (in ink) at the conclusion of the title." The cartouche is a reversal and reworking of one of the pictorial elements found on Pieter van der Aa's 1729 map Mexique ou Nouvelle Espagne (see item 127 herein).

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Item 135 - detail

135. [MAP: WEST INDIES]. BOWEN, Emanuel. A New and Accurate Chart of the West Indies with the Adjacent Coasts of North and South America.... [London, ca. 1744-1748]. Engraved map. 37.4 x 45.1 cm. (14-3/4 x 17-3/4 inches). Black and white. Scale not stated. Ornamental title cartouche, two compasses with radiating rhumb lines; routes of Spanish galleons traced. At lower right: Vol. II, Page 39. Very fine.

A very attractive map with excellent detail on navigation in the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico. Like Moll, Bowen fills his blank spaces with interesting and sometimes amusing commentary. On the present map is text on the French-English map war, history (particularly piracy), and navigational tips, e.g.: The most difficult part of the Course of sailing thro' the Windward Passage, is from Port Royal to point Morant, which being against the Trade Winds, takes up sometimes 5 or 6 weeks, tho' but the distance of 20 Leagues.... "Emanuel Bowen, map and print seller, was engraver to George II and Louis XV of France and worked in London from about 1714 onwards producing some of the best and most attractive maps of the century.... In spite of his royal appointments and apparent prosperity he died in poverty" (Moreland & Bannister, Antique Maps, p. 166).
($400-600) $460.00

Item 136 - detail

136. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. ROBERT DE VAUGONDY, Didier. Amérique Septentrionale, dressée sur les Relations les plus modernes des Voyageurs et Navigateurs, et divisée suivant les differentes possessions des Européens. [Paris], 1750. Engraved map of North and Central America. 47.8 x 58.5 cm. (18-13/16 x 23 inches). Outline coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 80 leagues. Pictorial cartouche with Native Americans, waterfall, alligator, bear, and flora. Map numbered by hand in ink: 103. A few wormholes at top (mostly confined to blank margin), short tears at creased centerfold (not affecting image). Strong impression.

Early issue (later issues, with same printed date, show Etats Unis). "The Robert de Vaugondys were descended from the Nicolas Sanson family [from whom] they inherited much of Sanson's cartographic material which they combined with maps and plates acquired after Hubert Jaillot's death in 1712 to form the basis for a beautifully produced Atlas Universel. The old material was much revised and corrected with the addition of many new place names" (Moreland & Bannister, Antique Maps, p. 166). Karpinski ("Fundamental Maps of the Great Lakes" #62, in Maps of Famous Cartographers Depicting North America, p. 141). Nordenskiöld 245. Phillips, Atlases 619. Wheat, Transmississippi West 129 & pp. 71 & 142). Wagner, Northwest Coast 567. Robert de Vaugondy's map, one of the most advanced of its day, leaves unknown areas blank, a feature typical of the scientific French school of cartography of that time. The cartouche is strategically placed to cover the unknown Pacific Northwest coast. Text on LaSalle is inserted in Texas, including location of the site of his murder: Ici fait tué M. de la Salle en 1685.

Item 137 - detail

137. [MAP: WORLD]. [PIAZZETTA, Giovanni Battista (artist) & G. B. Albrizzi (publisher)]. Mappamondo, o sia Descrizione Generale del Globo Terrestre ed Acquatico. N.p., [ca. 1750]. Engraved map. 29.8 x 35.7 cm. (11-3/4 x 14 inches). Original (?) full coloring. Scale not stated. Double hemisphere map surrounded by female personifications of the four continents; title within ornate cartouche; armillary sphere at top. Split at centerfold, two small stains at top blank margin (not affecting image).

An elegant example of the Italian school of cartography, the art work by important Italian artist Giovanni Battista Piazzetta (ca. 1682-1754), whose influence can be seen in the subsequent work of Zatta and others. The cartographic content of the map, which is drawn from De l'Isle's Mappe Monde (1700), is obviously secondary to the very beautiful, serene female figures in each corner representing the four continents. G. Batta Piaceta is shown as Inventor (left), and Guliano Giampicoli, as engraver (right). "[Piazzetta's] illustrations for Albrizzi's 1745 edition of Tasso's Gerusalemme Liberata were outstanding in their day. His nudes drawn in charcoal heightened with touches of chalk were in considerable demand. Piazzetta's finest and most mature work comes from the period 1740-50, which in tonality and the softened use of contrasts anticipated and to some extent influenced 18th-c. painting in Venice" (Oxford Companion to Art, pp. 865-66). Explorers' routes are shown; the Northwest Coast for the most part is left blank; Australia is joined to New Guinea.
($1,000-2,000) $1,265.00

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The French Reply in the Great Map War

Item 138 - detail

138. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. BELLIN, Jacques Nicolas. Carte de la Louisiane et des Pays Voisins...1750. Sur de Nouvelles Observations on a corrigé les Lacs, et leurs Environs, 1755. [Paris], 1755. Engraved map of North America from the Atlantic to beyond the Rio Grande. 48.5 x 62.0 cm. (19-1/16 x 24-7/16 inches). Original outline and wash coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 27 leagues. Ornamental title cartouche. Trimmed and mounted on old heavy rag paper. Small, light stain at upper right. Rarely offered.

Second state, with significant corrections to the Great Lakes (first state, 1750). Based on De l'Isle's important 1718 Carte de la Louisiane et du Cours du Mississipi, this map with its significantly colored boundaries shows French claims. It was the French reply to English cartographers like Senex and Moll (see items 124 & 125 herein) in the Great Map War, again restricting English claims to the region east of the Appalachians. Bellin (1703-72) was one of the most important and prolific French cartographers of the period. Appointed the first Ingenieur Hydrographe de la Marine, and also Official Hydrographer to the French King, Bellin's output included large-format atlases of sea charts and the 5-volume Petit Atlas Maritime. Cumming 107n. Lowery 406: "The first edition of this map, dated 1750 is found in his Atlas maritime, 1751, no. 22." Tooley, "Printed Maps of America," (MCS 96) 689 & Plate 2.
($1,000-2,000) $1,150.00

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139. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. BELLIN, Jacques Nicolas. La Louisiane et Pays Voisins. [Paris], 1763. Engraved map of North America from the Susquehanna River to the Rio Grande. 21.1 x 34.7 cm. (8-5/16 x 13-5/8 inches). Original(?) outline and wash coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 46 lieues communes. Ornamental title cartouche. Very fine.

Second state (according to Tooley, with Tome I No. 40 at upper right; first state also dated 1763, but without the notation at upper right). From Bellin's Petit atlas maritime receuil de cartes et plans des quatre parties du monde (1763-64). Lowery 487. Nordenskiöld 10:I(40). Phillips, Atlases 638. Tooley, "Printed Maps of America," (MCS 96) 853.

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140. [MAP: NEW FRANCE]. BELLIN, Jacques Nicolas. Suite du cours du fleuve St. Louis depuis la Riviere d'Iberville jusqua celle des Yasous, et les Parties connues de la Riviere Rouge et la Riviere Noire.... [Paris, 1764]. Engraved map of the course of the Mississippi from 30º25'N to 31ºN and of the Red River to Natchitoches and westward to Adayes Presidio Espagnol de la Province de Texas. 21.6 x 34.7 cm. (8-1/2 x 13-5/8 inches). Original outline coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 5 lieues communes. Ornate title cartouche; smaller cartouche on inset; framed text with comments on the Red River. Inset: Carte de l'Etablissement François sur la Riviere Rouge. Minor wrinkling along top blank margin, else fine.

Second state (according to Tooley, with Tome I No. 46 at upper right; first state also undated, but without the notation at upper right). One of the earliest detailed maps of the region, from Bellin's Petit atlas maritime receuil de cartes et plans des quatre parties du monde. Lowery 490. Nordenskiöld 10:I(46). Phillips, Atlases 638. Tooley, "Printed Maps of America," (MCS 96) 853. Bellin shows the French-Spanish confrontation along the Red River, with Natchitoches only seven leagues by road from Presidio Nuestra Señora del Pilar de los Adaes, founded in 1716 and rebuilt in 1721. The inset of Natchitoches depicts the Red River raft (Embaras d'Arbres) blockading the river upstream. The framed explanatory text describes the wild animals of the Red River region (Crocodiles et tres poissonneuse, Bœufs, Ours, Tigres, Loups, Cerf, et Chevreuils) and comments that the Red River is navigable only during times of high water.
($500-700) $575.00

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