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Disturnell Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo Map
180. [MAP: MEXICO]. DISTURNELL, John. Mapa de los Estados Unidos de Méjico, según lo organizado y definido por las varias actas del Congreso de dicha República: y construido por las mejores autoridades. New York: J. Disturnell, 1847. Pocket map. Engraved map on onionskin paper. 74.4 x 99.8 cm. (29-1/4 x 39-1/4 inches), folded into original 16mo blind-stamped brown pictorial cloth covers gilt-stamped with Mexican eagle. Original full and outline coloring. Scale: 1 inch = 70 miles. Large engraving of Mexican eagle on cactus at upper right; inset in lower left: Carta de los caminos &c. desde Veracruz y Alvarado a Méjico, 2 tables (distances and statistics), 4 insets in Gulf section (battlegrounds of Palo Alto and Resaca de Palma, Bay of Veracruz, Tampico, Monterrey). Pastedown with printed statistics of Mexico. Cloth covers rebacked with sympathetic cloth, splits at folds, but generally fine and crisp. Very rare.
"Ninth edition" of the important "Treaty Map" (Buena Vista appears near Saltillo, but the name S. Pablo does not appear at the confluence of the Gila and Colorado Rivers). John Disturnell was primarily a businessman rather than a cartographer. As events of the Mexican-American War developed and as changes occurred, he incorporated dates and places in new issues of his map without comment. Between 1846 and 1849 no less than twenty variants of the map appeared.
The Disturnell Treaty Map was not an official
government publication—it just happened to be
the map that Nicolas P. Trist took with him when he was
sent as peace commissioner to Mexico in 1847. It was to be
the map's inaccuracies in locating El Paso and the Rio
Grande, rather than its correctness, which made it
historically significant in U.S.-Mexican relations. "[The
map] assumed a lasting place in history when Nicholas P.
Trist...used Disturnell's map in negotiating the Treaty....
Differences soon arose over the wording of the treaty
vis-à-vis the actual depiction on Disturnell's map
of the Rio Grande and the position of the city of El Paso.
The lands in question were particularly important to the
prospective railroad route to California and its newly
discovered gold mines, a controversy which resulted in the
United States purchase in 1854 of the Gadsden Territory"
(Martin & Martin 38). Martin & Ristow, "John
Disturnell's Map of the United Mexican States" in A la
Carte, pp. 204-21. Rittenhouse, Disturnell's Treaty
Map, pp. 5-6 & 17 (no. 12): "Few maps in U. S.
history have had a role as interesting as that of the
Disturnell Map.... The boundary line between New Mexico
(and what is now Arizona) and Old Mexico was to be based on
mileages from El Paso. But the Disturnell Map showed El
Paso at a latitude 34 miles north and longitude 100 miles
east of the true position of that city on the earth....
Part of the disputed territory—the Chamizal area
at El Paso—was not determined finally until
1963." Schwartz & Ehrenberg, p. 274. Taliaferro 283.
Wheat, Transmississippi West 540; Gold
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Most Complete Version of Mitchell's Important Mexican-American War Map
181. [MAP: MEXICO & THE SOUTHWEST]. MITCHELL, S. Augustus. Map of Mexico, including Yucatan & Upper California, exhibiting the Chief Cities and Towns, the Principal Travelling Routes &c. Philadelphia, 1847. Pocket map. Engraved map. 82.2 x 60.0 cm. (32-3/8 x 23-5/8 inches), folded into original 16mo embossed green leather covers, gilt-lettered MEXICO. Original full coloring with bright rose outline coloring around Texas in its Emory conformation with greatly extended Panhandle. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 120 miles. Inset at top right: Battle Field of Monterey on pink ground, 15.1 x 16.2 cm. (6 x 5-3/8 inches). Lower portion is a large inset map with Mexican eagle and profile below: Map of the Principal Roads from Vera Cruz and Alvarado to the City of Mexico, Including the Valley of Mexico, Mountains, Plains, Volcanoes, Lakes, &c...by Geo. Stealey, with principal road marked in red. 37.4 x 57.3 cm. (14-3/4 x 22-1/2 inches), table to right of profile showing altitude at which various crops flourish. Table: "Extent and Population of Mexico" on front pastedown. Spine rubbed and beginning to separate; other than a few clean splits at folds, the map is very fine, with wonderful, bright coloring.
This is the most detailed version of the series of
popular maps that Mitchell began to publish at the outbreak
of the Mexican-American War. First issued in 1846, with
only the upper inset (titled The Late Battlefield)
and without the Map of the Principal Roads below
(see Taliaferro 284 for first issue). As the war
progressed, Mitchell rapidly revised his original map of
1846. With each appearance he added more detail, increasing
the number of flags which mark the sites of battles
(including the Alamo and San Jacinto). Another version
followed dated 1847, but with copyright date of 1846. Also
in 1847, yet another version appeared (again with 1846
copyright) adding the lower large inset Map of the
Principal Roads, but with the same title to the upper
inset (see Wheat, Transmississippi West 548). The
present map (Wheat, Gold Regions 35) adds many
details over the earlier versions (rivers, river names,
towns, Indian tribes, recent battlefields, Mayan ruins,
etc.). The inset at upper right is renamed from The Late
Battlefield and has additional information in its
legend. The map has been narrowed by approximately two
degrees of longitude on each side. Of the variants we have
examined, the present version appears to be the most
Click for image
The Routes to the Gold Regions, 1849
182. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. COLTON, J. H. Map of the United States the British Provinces Mexico &c. Showing the Routes of the U.S. Mail Steam Packets to California, and a Plan of the Gold Region. New York: Colton, 1849. Pocket map and accompanying text (Particulars of Routes, Distances, Fare, etc. to Accompany Colton's Map of California and the Gold Region. 11 pp.) Lithographic map. 46.0 x 61.0 cm. (18-1/8 x 24 inches), folded into original 16mo brown blind-stamped cloth covers with printed paper label. Original outline coloring, boundaries in pink, routes in blue, gold regions in California colored yellow. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 230 miles. Two insets at left: Map of the Gold Region. California and Pyramid Lake, Upper California. Inset at right: From New York to San Francisco via Cape Horn. Table of distances below, ships at sea and ornate grapevine border. Light wear to corners of covers, a few short splits at folds of map (no losses), one fold reinforced, but generally just about fine in excellent covers and with the original printed label that is often missing. Preserved in a half burgundy morocco slipcase.
First edition. Braislin 446: "Extremely
rare." Graff 835. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush
149: "The text accompanying Colton's map includes
interesting explanatory information on the routes and long
quotations from President Polk and Walter Colton on the
prospects in California." Phillips, America, p. 900.
Plains & Rockies IV:164a (new entry). Streeter
Sale 2534: "Emigrant routes from Independence to Walla
Walla, to San Francisco via Bent's Fort, to San Diego via
Bent's Fort and Santa Fe, and to San Diego from the Texas
coast via Mexico, are shown by blue lines. This appears to
be the first Colton map showing the gold fields." Wheat,
Transmississippi West 591; Gold Regions 70.
This map was used in works by Robinson, Foster, Fremont,
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Exceedingly Rare & Little-known Pressler Map of Texas in 1851
Item 183, detail
183. [MAP: TEXAS]. PRESSLER, Charles W. & W. Völker. Map of Texas. Compiled from Surveys at the Land Office of Texas by K. W. Presler [sic] & W. Völker, Geometers of the Land Office of Texas. Wolfenbüttel: L. Holle, 1851. Lithographed map of Texas to approximately 100ºW longitude (Presidio) and north to the Red River. Printed on 2 sheets, northern and southern, measuring overall 61.7 x 44.7 cm. (24-1/4 x 17-5/8 inches). Original outline coloring around counties. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 23 miles. Left half of map with mild to moderate waterstain, blank margins with some spotting and staining (not affecting text or image).
First edition of Pressler's little-known and earliest map of Texas, created only one year after he began working for the General Land Office in Texas. This two-sheet map appeared in George M. von Ross' 1851 immigrant guide, Der nordamerikanische Freistaat Texas (see Graff 3582 & Howes R55); according to the printed caption above the neat line (L. Holle's Handatlas von Texas No. 20 [&] 21), the map also appeared in an atlas. Martin & Martin 46 (citing Pressler's 1858 map of Texas, but not mentioning the present map, which predates it by seven years): "The role of the General Land Office in mapping Texas in the second half of the nineteenth century centered in the career of Charles William Pressler, who immigrated to Texas from Prussia in 1846. As a trained surveyor, Pressler moved from Galveston to Austin, where he was employed by the noted mapmaker, Jacob De Cordova, to conduct surveying expeditions for the benefit of De Cordova's cartographic productions. In 1850, Pressler joined the staff of the General Land Office, where he collected and disseminated information concerning the geography of Texas until his retirement in 1899. Having come to Texas as part of the Adelsverein, an organization created for the purpose of bringing German immigrants to Texas, Pressler was keenly aware of the needs of potential immigrants. He aided these people by making available travel literature and maps of the period."
"Along with De Cordova maps, Pressler's maps can be
regarded as the first truly accurate maps of the state
because of the actual surveys which had been
accomplished.... Pressler...record[ed] the greatest era of
change in Texas history" (Contours of Discovery, pp.
57-58). Phillips, America, p. 844. Taliaferro 317n
(mentioning this map). See also New Handbook V:334.
This beautiful two-sheet map by one of Texas' great
cartographers is a fantastic item, both for its
cartographical advances and as documentation of German
immigration to Texas. Certainly nothing can compare with
Stephen F. Austin's great map of Texas, but this is one of
a handful of maps of Texas produced from 1830 to 1860 that
contribute to Texas geography as a whole and provide an
important record of the evolution of the state during the
pivotal years when it was first settled by Europeans.
Click for image
184. [MAP: UNITED STATES]. TALLIS, J. & F. United States. London, n.d. [ca. 1851]. Engraved map. 24.7 x 34.4 cm. (9-3/4 x 13-9/1 inches). Original outline coloring. Scale: 1 inch = Approximately 190 miles. Illustrated vignettes: Allegorical symbols for the U.S.; shield of U.S. flag; portraits of Washington and Franklin; Washington's Monument; Penn negotiating a treaty with Native Americans; buffalo hunt; ornamental border. Very fine.
The configuration of Texas is unusual for this late
date, with the northern border running west from the Red
River to El Paso and no Panhandle. The area designated
"Western Territory" includes what is now the Panhandle,
Oklahoma, Kansas, and the eastern edge of Colorado. "New
Mexico or Santa Fe" is bounded by the Rio Grande on the
west, and the region to the west is still designated as
Mexico. The map appeared in Tallis' Illustrated
Atlas. Day, p. 47. Phillips, Atlases 804.
"A Magnificent Piece of Map-Making"—Wheat
185. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. COLTON, J. H. Colton's Map of the United States of America, the British Provinces, Mexico and the West Indies. Showing the Country from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans. New York: J. H. Colton, 1854. Wall map, mounted on cartographic linen with original wooden rollers. Engraved map. 130.7 x 146.7 cm. (51-1/2 x 57-3/4 inches). Original full coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 60 miles. Insets: lower left: Map of Central America; upper right: Map of Newfoundland; center right: The South Eastern Part of the West Indies; table of distances; numerous pictorial vignettes: sailing- and steamships (some being specific vessels such as the Georgia), banana tree, sugar cane, Native Americans hunting buffalo, emigrants travelling overland in covered wagon, beaver, bear, antelope, and other fauna; elaborate floral, vine, and trellis border. Map fragile and rubbed, varnish cracking in a few spots, one-half inch triangular piece missing from lower Caribbean (present and preserved in an envelope), waterstain along bottom, lower roller separated from map. Much better condition than these huge wall maps are usually found; a splendid display piece.
First state of Colton's reworking of his
large and colorful map of the U.S. and Central America
which came out in the early 1850s. In its present state the
map is slightly enlarged, information is updated and
corrected, and additional vignettes have been added. The
Gadsden Purchase is not yet reflected, and the area is
called "disputed territory." This state was subsequently
revised (see item 186 herein). Martin & Martin 43: "In
New York, the firm of J. H. Colton emerged as a leading
supplier for...demands [for information on the West]. He
published a major, enlarged map of the United States,
showing most of the continent, reissued it in 1853
incorporating new information on the American West, and
issued it again in 1854. Although it does not depict the
boundary changes resulting from the Gadsden Purchase, the
map was up-to-date in most of its information and was one
of the most influential of that period.... The vignettes on
the map provide an interesting visual compliment to the
information disseminated on the document itself, adding a
distinctive American flavor to the nineteenth century map
trade." Wheat, Transmississippi West 747 & pp.
153-54 (describing the 1852 edition): "J. H. Colton's
Map of the United States of America...is a
magnificent piece of map-making.... This was a large and
showy Wall map of the United States and it had much
influence;" Gold Regions 216.
186. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. COLTON, J. H. Colton's Map of the United States of America, the British Provinces, Mexico and the West Indies.... New York: J. H. Colton, 1855. Wall map, mounted on cartographic linen with original wooden rollers. Engraved map. 130.7 x 146.7 cm. (51-1/2 x 57-3/4 inches). Original coloring. Map fragile and rubbed, varnish cracking in a few spots, rollers becoming separated from map.
Another issue of preceding map, with changes, such
as "disputed territory" on the borderlands is now replaced
with text referring to the Gadsden Purchase.
187. [MAP: TEXAS]. COLTON, J. H. New Map of the State of Texas compiled from J. De Cordova's Large Map. New York, [copyright date: 1855]. 40.2 x 63.7 cm. (15-13/16 x 25 inches). Original full coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 35 miles. Insets at left: Plan of the Northern Part of Texas; Plan of Galveston Bay; and Plan of Sabine Lake. No. 37 and No. 38 above neat line at left and right. Uniform light browning, two short tears at lower edge (no losses), generally very good to fine.
First printing. Day, p. 64: "In printed
colors the map shows counties, towns, roads, railroads,
rivers, mountains, and a United States Mail Route." The
most popular and widely reprinted map of Texas in the
nineteenth century, by Colton, who purchased the rights to
De Cordova's map, upon which the present map is based.
"How the cartographers did want to construct railroads!"—Wheat
188. [MAP: UNITED STATES]. JOHNSON, D. G. & A. J. Johnson. A New Map of the Union with the adjacent Islands & Countries, from authentic Sources. New York, 1857. Wall map, mounted on cartographic linen with original wooden rollers. Lithographic map. 109.4 x 129.6 cm. (43-1/16 x 51 inches). Original coloring. Scale not given. Ornamental border with pictorial vignettes of famous persons and allegorical figures. Large-scale inset of the Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska border at lower left. Illustrations include the U.S. Capitol, Sutter's Saw-Mill, Gold Rocker, the Smithsonian Institution, and the Patent Office. Some abrasions and varnish cracking, two smaller than dime-sized portions missing (in Saskatchewan and inset), lower roller separated from map.
Wheat, Transmississippi West 925 & pp.
64-65: "It carries the route of the 'Proposed Northern
Pacific Rail Road,' coming up the Missouri to the Medicine
River, crossing the Rockies by an unnamed pass, and
continuing down Clark's Fork to Fort Colville on the
Columbia. There it branches.... Farther south, on
Lieutenant Whipple's 35th parallel route, is a line marking
a railroad headed 'Proposed Central Rail Road to the
Pacific' from the Mississippi to Fort Riley and thence
west, near the Santa Fe Trail, to Santa Fe, and due west
from there to Walker's Pass.... Still further south is the
'Proposed Southern Pacific Rail Road Route' crossing the
Rio Grande north of El Paso, running due west to Tucson,
crossing the Colorado near Yuma, which is not named, and
branching at San Felipe.... How the cartographers did want
to construct railroads!"
189. [MAP: TEXAS, NORTHERN MEXICO, & PARTS OF NEW MEXICO AND OKLAHOMA]. ETTLING, T. United States of North America, South West Sheet. London: Weekly Dispatch (Day & Son, Lith.), [1858-1863]. Lithographed map. 42.3 x 30.8 cm. (17 x 12-1/8 inches). Original outline coloring and light wash along coasts. Scale: 1 inch = 55 miles. Fine.
The map appeared in the Weekly Dispatch Atlas
published in London 1858-1863. Texas is shown as far east
as Matagorda Bay; Mexico, as far south as Tampico. The map
bears some interesting legends in Texas, such as Wild
Horses and Cattle and Grassy Plains in South
Texas, Mesquito Openings along the proposed Pacific
RR route, Rolling Table Lands near Big Spring,
Salt Plains east of El Paso, Northern and Middle
Comanches in the Panhandle, Llano Estacado (or
Staked Plains), along with various explorers' and
emigrant routes, etc.
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