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215. [MEXICAN-AMERICAN WAR: TREATY OF GUADALUPE
HIDALGO]. UNITED STATES. PRESIDENT (James K. Polk).
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Message of the
President...Relative to the Treaty of Peace Concluded at
Guadalupe Hidalgo on the 2d of February, 1848.
Washington: HRED50, February 8, 1849. 82 pp. (English and
Spanish). 8vo, new green cloth.
This early edition of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is an important one, containing the first publication of documents, correspondence, and instructions to commissioners which had previously been under injunction of secrecy. Polk discusses the changes which the U.S. designated to Mexico in its protocols, including land titles in California, New Mexico, and Texas, religious and other personal freedoms, and the method by which Mexico was to pay the U.S. $12,000,000. The resounding Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican-American War and ceded to the U.S. the huge expanse of northern Mexico that included California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, and parts of Wyoming, Texas, and Colorado. Mexico lost about half of her territory, and the U.S. increased its size by a third. No Western collection is complete without some version of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
The first Mexican edition was printed at Querétaro in 1848; the first U.S. edition was printed in Washington in 1848. Cowan, p. 252. Howes M565. Libros Californianos, p. 29n: "This was the treaty that gave California to the U.S." In a joint exhibit catalogue of treasures of the Huntington Library (1986-1987) and Henry H. Clifford, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was proposed as one of five possible titles to be included in an expanded Zamorano Eighty list. Henry made this pungent comment: "[This Treaty] confirmed the annexation of Texas to the U.S.A. This embraced an area of some 525,000 square miles for California and New Mexico, as against a mere 326,000 square miles for Texas. An earlier version of this treaty could have left San Diego in the Mexican hands and permitted Mexico to repurchase Texas. How many of us are so poignantly aware that we are now permanently stuck with Texas?"