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Pingenot Auction, Lot 234

234. [NATIVE AMERICANS: TREATIES]. Collection of nine different treaties between the United States and Native American Nations. [Washington], 1837-67. Folio. Very good to fine.
         First editions. The collection contains treaties with: Consolidated Tribes of Sac & Fox Indians (Ratified December 13, 1837), Blackfeet Band of Dakota or Sioux Indians (Proclaimed March 17, 1866), Lower Brule Band of Dakota or Sioux Indians (Proclaimed March 17, 1866), Minneconjon Band of Dakota or Sioux Indians (Proclaimed March 17, 1866), O’Gallala Band of Dakota or Sioux Indians (Proclaimed March 17, 1866) [2 copies present], Onk-pah-pah Band of Dakota or Sioux Indians (Proclaimed March 17, 1866), Sans Arcs Band of Dakota or Sioux Indians (Proclaimed March 17, 1866), Two Kettles Band of Dakota or Sioux Indians (Proclaimed March 17, 1866), and Nez Percé Tribe of Indians (Proclaimed April 20, 1867). "In the field of Americana few aspects of the subject compare in interest and importance with that of the relationship between the whites and the Indians, and the treaties which were the manifestation of that relationship. These treaties, often the result of the white man’s greed for lands and gold are, in effect, the fundamental documents of our national domain.... In no more revealing way can the local history of America be preserved in historical libraries and collections than by accession of various of these original treaties by which was acquired the basic claim to this land of ours" (Edward Eberstadt & Sons, A Remarkable Collection of Indian Treaties). Michael Heaston, Catalogue 16: "The Indian tribes, bands, nations [were] treated as sovereign nations each signing numerous treaties of peace with our government. This process would continue until March 3, 1871, when Executive Agreements took their place. These separately printed folio treaties...were issued for official purposes and probably no more than fifty copies were printed for private distribution." As the white man expanded westward, the sites for negotiation and treaty also pushed toward the Pacific. In this collection, the earliest treaty with the Sac and Fox was concluded on the right bank of the Mississippi in Wisconsin Territory; the treaties with bands of the Dakota or Sioux, at Fort Sully in Dakota Territory; the treaty with the Nez Percé, at the Council Ground in the valley of the Lapwai, Washington Territory.
(10 vols.)
($1,000-2,500)