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INDIAN-GIVING THE TEXAS PANHANDLE
235. [NATIVE AMERICANS: TREATIES (Comanche)].
Treaty between the United States of America and the
Camanche and Kiowa Tribes of Indians. Concluded October 18,
1865. Ratification Advised, May 22, 1866. Proclaimed May
26, 1866. [Washington], 1866. 8 pp. Folio. Very fine.
Preserved in a brown folding case and a half morocco brown
slipcase with gilt lettered spine label.
First edition. This treaty was concluded at the Council Ground on the Little Arkansas River in Kansas with Kit Carson acting as one of the U.S. Commissioners. By the treaty, the Comanche and Kiowa are given possession of a vast reservation in the Texas Panhandle. Unfortunately, the land the Comanche were supposedly receiving did not belong to the United States. When Texas had entered the union twenty years earlier, it was with the provision that Texas retained ownership of its public lands. The intervening Civil War had not altered that situation, and Texas was understandably reluctant to allow the Yankees to give away its land. The impasse created by Kit Carson and the other commissioners was effectively solved a few years later when Ranald Mackenzies troops slaughtered most of the Comanche tribe, thereby removing the claimant.