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PRECURSOR TO THE TREATY OF LIMITS
240. ONÍS, Luis de. Memoir upon the
Negotiations Between Spain and the United States of
America, Which led to the Treaty of 1819, with a
Statistical Notice of that Country...Translated from the
Spanish, with Notes, by Tobias Watkins. Washington: E.
De Krafft, Printer, 1821. 152 pp. 8vo, new navy blue levant
morocco over dark brown cloth, spine with raised bands and
gilt lettering. Last signature with light uniform browning,
else very fine.
Second edition in English, revised and enlarged. The first edition was in Spanish and appeared at Madrid in 1820 (that edition in 2 volumes is a great rarity, particularly Vol. 2). A Mexican edition, also in Spanish, came out in 1826. In 1821 an edition in English with only Part One was published, omitting all the documents in the appendix except the Treaty of Limits. The present edition includes material omitted from the Baltimore edition. Eberstadt 162:580: "Negotiations which lead to the Treaty of 1819...one of the important documents in Texas, [Louisiana and Florida] history." American Imprints Inventory 6349. Howes O98: "Official correspondence concerning the Floridas and the disputed western boundary of Louisiana." Raines, p. 160. Sabin 57356. Streeter, Texas 1079c.
This volume contains the negotiations that led to the Treaty of Limits, which established the Sabine boundary that had been rendered invalid with the change of sovereignty when Mexico achieved its independence. By the Treaty of Limits, Spain ceded to the United States both Floridas, including its claim to Alabama and Mississippi, and the United States agreed to accept the Sabine River as the Texas boundary. The Treaty also established Texas definitely as part of Mexico and opened the way for colonizing Texas through contracts with the Mexican government. The Treaty also set the border of the Louisiana purchase to be all the way to the Pacific Ocean, which strengthened the United States position in regard to Oregon and presaged the opening of the Santa Fe Trail. These negotiations were epochal for the future of the United States, Florida, Louisiana, and Texas.