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Auction 4: LOTS 133-150


   

FIRST ISSUE OF STEPHEN F. AUSTIN’S MAP OF TEXAS
VERY CHOICE TEXANA

133. [MAP: TEXAS]. AUSTIN, Stephen F. Map of Texas, with Parts of the Adjoining States Compiled by Stephen F. Austin. [Philadelphia: H. S. Tanner, 1830]. Pocket map. Engraved folding map of Texas. Original hand-colored outlining. 29 x 23-1/2 inches, folded into original 24mo red straight-grain morocco folder, gilt-decorated border and gilt-lettered Texas on upper cover. Scale: One inch = approximately 24 miles. Lower right engraved arms of the Republic of Mexico, with Mexican eagle on prickly pear cactus, one ear of which bears the designation Coahuila y Tejas. A few small ink spots. A superb, crisp copy, in its original pocket map folder. Extremely rare, especially in near perfect condition, like this splendid copy. Preserved in a full red morocco gilt four-fold archival case. A cornerstone of any serious Texas collection. Texana does not get much better than this.

First printing. Fifty Texas Rarities 10: “This rare map of Texas was part of Austin’s campaign to encourage settlers to take up homesteads on his lands. The huge Austin grants are clearly marked and are made as attractive cartographically as possible. The map is the result of years of work by Austin himself in gathering and refining the necessary data.” Howes A404. Martin, “Maps of an Empresario” (SWHQ 85:4): “Tanner's publication was apparently an immediate commercial success, and Austin was importuned by would-be colonists to furnish them with copies.... The first map to achieve wide circulation and credibility, and it appeared on the scene in the U.S. at a time of growing public demand for information about the region.... By widely disseminating an accurate depiction of Texas at a pivotal time in the history of the region, Austin initiated the modern period of Texas cartography. He deserves recognition for his contributions to the cartography of Texas commensurate with that he has long received for his efforts in its colonization.” Martin & Martin 29. Schwartz & Ehrenberg, color plate 154 & p. 253.

Streeter 1115: “This is one of the great Texas maps;” p. 329 (listing the six most important maps for a Texas collection): “The map of Texas I most prize is [that of] Stephen F. Austin, Philadelphia, 1830. This, by the founder of present-day Texas, shows on a large scale, and for the first time, the result of American emigration into Texas.” Taliaferro 236: “This is the first issue of one of the most important maps in Texas history.” This incredible map is one of resounding consequence in the history of the United States and the West. Its influence in drawing a large Anglo population to Texas and the success of Texas in gaining independence from Mexico, makes this map extremely pivotal in the history of Western expansion.
($75,000-150,000) $103,500.00


MANUSCRIPT MAP OF THE RIO GRANDE REGION

134. [MAP: TEXAS & NORTHERN MEXICO]. [PAZ, José Ignacio]. Untitled manuscript map of the Rio Grande region of Texas and Mexico. [Spain, 1853]. Sepia and watercolor on heavy paper. 22-1/2 x 16-3/8 inches. Scale not stated (but one inch = roughly 60 miles). Compass rose. Very fine and attractive. Unusual.

This manuscript map was part of a collection of ten maps purchased from the descendants of the Spanish cartographer Paz (d. 1890). In 1853 Paz was given permission to make copies of important manuscript maps that up to that time had been highly restricted and labeled secret. It was Queen Elisabeth II of Spain who gave permission to open the archives to study of earlier material (the frontispiece to the collection bore an allegory to the Queen and her husband). Six of the maps were sold to the Museo Naval, Madrid; these were areas like Yucatan and Panama. Further research at the Museo revealed more maps like this. The paper is typical of that manufactured in Spain in the middle of the nineteenth century.

Prominently displayed are mountain ranges in profile. Shaded in blue are waterways: Mar de el Norte (Gulf of Mexico from south of Tampico to the San Jacinto River at present-day Baytown-LaPorte), Rio del Norte and Rio brabo (Rio Grande), Rio de Conchas (San Fernando), Rio de Pánuco, Rio Blanco, Rio de los Otates, Rio de Sague de Mexico, Rio de San Juan, Rio de Ramos, Rio de Pilon, and their numerous branches. The barrier islands along the Gulf Coast of Texas and Mexico are fairly well delineated. Boundary lines between states are indicated by dotted lines in sepia ink. Detail in Provincia de los Tejas is sketchy, with two large salt lakes in far south Texas and the mouths of seven rivers drawn along the coast, but not continued into the interior. Two major crossings are marked on the Rio Grande-El Paso and Laredo(?), and the presidio of El Paso (on the Mexican side of the border) is shown. A large mountain range is illustrated in upper Texas, northeast of El Paso. The region encompassing southern Texas and northern Mexico (corresponding to colonial Tamaulipas) bears the designation “Pais despoblado hasta la Costa” (unsettled country up to the coast). Significantly more features are shown in Mexico, but as in Texas, the geography is creative. Nuevo León has many villages, towns, rivers, missions, and Chichimeca tribes. The region between Linares and the mouth of Rio de Conchas (San Fernando River) bears the legend “Aqui se pretende la Poblazon” (here is where the settlement is to be). Many Mexican sites are shown, including Guasteca, Purificación, Panúco, Tampico, San Antonio, La Malinchi, Linares, Tamaulipas, Valle de Pilon, Villa de Cadereita, Ciudad de Monte Rey, Valle de Pesquería, Voca de Leones, Misión de la Punta, Coaguila, three unidentified salt lakes, and many others.
($2,500-4,500) $4,370.00


For additional maps see items 13, 59, 70, 72, 86, 90, 97, 111, 112, 152, 161, 168, and 180 herein.


SIGNED BY CUBA’S GREATEST HERO

135. MARTÍ, José Julián. Autograph letter, signed, to “Mi distinguido compatriota.” [New York, November, 1887]. 1 p., small 4to. Some marginal chipping or small tears. Gilt frame, matted with a modern copy of a vintage photograph of Martí. A very rare signature.

A momentous letter documenting the beginnings of the Partido Revolucionario Cubano. Martí (1853-1895), Cuban revolutionary leader, essayist, and poet, is considered the greatest hero of his native Cuba and a symbol of liberty throughout Latin America. When Martí wrote this letter, he was living in New York marshaling forces for the Revolution, writing letters, making speeches, collecting money, and traveling up and down the Atlantic Coast organizing groups of Cubans in exile. These early efforts led to the organization of the Partido Revolucionario Cubano, which would ultimately free Cuba. Martí invites the recipient to a lecture and discussion on Wednesday, the 30th, at the home of Sr. Enrique Trujillo to plan the best way to carry forward the work of the revolution. We are aware of the existence of at least one other similar letter in the Archivo Nacional (addressed to J. Castillo and dated November 26, 1887).
($1,500-3,000) $2,070.00


THE COMMUNIST “POET LAUREATE”

136. MAYAKOVSKY, V[ladimir Vladimirovich]. Grosnii smekh: Okna rosta. [Moscow & Leningrad: Gosudarstvennoe Uzdatelstvo, 1932]. 79 pp. (in half and full size), portrait of author, numerous illustrations. 4to, original white boards printed in red and black (designed by Varvara Stepanova), illustrated endpapers. Covers lightly stained and worn at joints and edges. Rare.

First edition of a posthumously published book by the outstanding Russian poet of the Soviet period. The flamboyant Mayakovsky (1893-1930), one of the signers of the manifesto announcing the foundation of Futurism, exhibited a tremendous feeling for rhythm, mastered the effective use of slang, and created a dazzling stylistic originality. This work contains satirical verses and poster-like illustrations from the Okno Satiry (Window of Satire) series created by Mayakovsky for Rosta (State Telegraph Agency) during the early twenties. Mayakovsky (1893-1930) explains in the introduction that this is not just a book of verses or of decorative illustration, but rather a “memoir of three years of revolutionary battle transmitted by the paint and the clanging of placards” (p. 3). The impact of the illustrations is maximized by the alternating size of pages. Mayakovsky, Paris Cat., pp. 72-75.
($500-1,000) $632.50


THE BANDITTI OF THE PLAINS

137. MERCER, A. S. The Banditti of the Plains: Or, The Cattlemen’s Invasion of Wyoming in 1892 (The Crowning Infamy of the Ages). [Denver or Cheyenne: Privately published, 1894]. [14 (blanks)] [2 (ad, verso blank)] 139 [1 (blank)] pp., map, portraits, other illustrations (included as text illustrations). 8vo, signatures bound within clay-coated white paper wrappers (two glossy leaves at front and two at rear, the two outer pages with printed text of a shorthand manual; the glossy leaves probably were intended to be used as pastedowns). Last few leaves very slightly soiled, else remarkably fine, mostly unopened, laid in acid-free phase box.

First edition. Adams, Guns 1478: "One of the rarities of western Americana;" Herd 1474; One Fifty 103. Dykes, Western High Spots (“A Range Man’s Library”), p. 80: “The Johnson County Wyoming affair is perhaps the most widely publicized of all range wars.” Graff 2750. Howes M522. King, Women on the Cattle Trail and in the Roundup, p. 17: “Includes an account of the hanging of ‘Cattle Kate,’ who was accused of rustling cattle in Wyoming.” Merrill, Aristocrats of the Cattle Country, pp. 8 & 21. Reese, Six Score 79: "Mercer, a promoter and newspaper editor, wrote the Banditti as an attack on the actions of the Wyoming Stock Growers Association during the Johnson County War." Smith 6735. Streeter Sale 2385.

Mercer’s book is one of those intriguing Western books with as much legend surrounding its history as its origins. Adams and others alleged that the book was systematically destroyed and purloined by members of the Wyoming Stock Growers Association because of Mercer’s vitriolic denunciation of them. Philip Ashton Rollins claimed that when the books were shipped, they were hosed down to destroy them. We place more credence in William Reese’s even-handed view of the matter: “The book is said to have been suppressed, and may have been to a certain extent, but a fair number of copies exist today, although it certainly remains rare. Its importance is great, chronicling one of the last great upheavals of frontier violence in the wars for the open range against fencing” (Catalogue 67:452). Reese, like Fred Rosenstock, believed the book to have been printed in Denver, rather than Wyoming.
($1,500-3,000) $2,185.00


A HERO OF SAN JACINTO VETERAN DEFENDS HIS HONOR

138. MILLARD, Henry. Autograph letter, signed, “To the Officers of the 4th Regiment.” Galveston, December 5, 1842. 1 p., 4to. Creased at folds, else fine.

The writer (1796?-1844), founder of Beaumont and a relation of President Millard Fillmore and Nathaniel Hawthorne, served as Lieutenant Colonel at San Jacinto (commanding the right flank and capturing the Mexican breastworks). At the time Millard wrote this letter, he was serving as Colonel Commandant of the 4th Regiment at Galveston. Here Millard begs off attending a meeting of his regiment, offering as an excuse “extreme debility.” Millard refers to charges against him by George Washington Hockley, who had been serving as President Sam Houston’s Secretary of War and Navy. Millard states:

Your own good sense will dictate to you the proper course to pursue, I will only say there is necessity for joint action on your part to declare to the world by Resolution, whether you are willing to be governed by a petty ruler [Hockley] sent here by the Executive [Houston], or by the constitution and laws of your own country, the charges and specifications will show you the grounds on which he has based his power, also what submission he expects of you.

The following day the officers of Millard’s regiment voted to protest the charges and express their confidence in Millard’s ability as a man and a military officer. The charges came at a time of deep dissension among Texans regarding the proper stance to be taken toward Mexico.
($400-600) $632.50



detail from binding

139. MILNE, A. A. When I Was Very Young. New York: The Fountain Press; London: Methuen and Company, Ltd., 1930. 26 [2] pp., illustrations by Ernest H. Shepard. Narrow 8vo, original pink and cream patterned cloth, printed paper spine label. Very fine in publisher’s grey board case (label dark, top of case detached). Scarce.

Limited edition (#269 of 842 copies, signed by author). Cutler & Stiles, p. 117.
($150-250) $230.00


SECRET SCIENCES

140. [MONTFAUCON DE VILLARS, Nicolas de]. The Count of Gabalis: or, Conferences about Secret Sciences Rendered out of French into English, with an Advice to the Reader. By A. L[ovell]. A.M. [Master of Arts]. London: Robert Harford, 1680. [8] 126 [8] [6, publisher’s catalogue] pp. Small, narrow 12mo, old calf. Spine dry and abraded, head of spine chipped, hinges cracked but strong, title worn and browned at far right edge (due to contact with calf overlap on inside front board), text trimmed close, a few tears and corners absent (affecting a few letters of text on p. 119). Occasional nineteenth-century ink notes.

Second English edition (first edition, Paris, 1670; first English edition, London: for B. M., 1680). Wing 386A. This is the second of two translations to appear in the same year; the first translation is quite common, but the present version is extremely rare. In this maliciously humorous work lampooning secret societies the translator complains in his “Advice to the Reader”: “About Four Months ago I translated into English this Treatise concerning Secret Sciences. I delivered the Copy to the Bookseller who imployed me; but he not over-hasty to publish it before the Term, I find another hath done it for him.” The first translation was by Philip Ayres. An article from the London Review (1867) tipped in at the back of the book states: “The book pretends to reveal the occult and mystical knowledge contained in the Cabala; but it is thought to have been ironically and jocosely intended. The author was Montfaucon de Villars, a witty French Abbé of the seventeenth century. A second volume was promised, but the author was murdered on the high-road. The gnomes and sylphs of Pope’s ‘Rape of the Lock’ were derived from this work; and, if our memory serves us, it is mentioned by Lord Lytton in his ‘Zanoni,’ which is full of Rosicrucian lore.”
$400-600) $488.75


ORDER SIGNED BY MORELOS AT THE CONGRESS OF CHILPANCINGO

141. MORELOS Y PAVÓN, José María. Original document, signed. Congress of Chilpancingo, Mexico, September 27, 1813. 1-1/2 pp., folio. Very fine, large bold signature with rubric. Excellent condition, with integral blank.

Styling himself “servant of the nation and generalísimo of the armed forces of this North America,” illustrious Mexican patriot Morelos (1765-1815) issued this order requiring all settlements to take an oath, or at the very least to have a mass sung, as a sign of obedience to the congress organized at Chilpancingo, successor to the Junta de Zitácuaro. This order was to be sent as a circular to all provincial governors, who would then pass it on to the settlements. The Junta that met at Zitácuaro was not a formal government and had difficulty organizing the war effort. A number of insurrectionists called on Morelos to organize a congress in order to establish a formal government. The most important action taken by the Congress of Chilpancingo was to declare Mexican independence from Spain on November 6, 1813. Following the execution of Hidalgo in June of 1811, Morelos took up the cause of independence; between 1812 and 1815, he controlled the country southwest of Mexico City. The following year he was captured by the Spanish, defrocked as priest, and shot. Autograph material by Morelos is extremely difficult to obtain. Dicc. Porrúa II, pp. 1979-81.
($1,500-3,000) $2,185.00


UNRECORDED 1836 BROADSIDE RECRUITING VOLUNTEERS TO TEXAS

142. MORGAN, T[homas] Jefferson. To all Patriotic and Enterprising Men. Volunteers for Texas. To Rendezvous at Washington, Pa. on the 6th of September. Washington, Pennsylvania, August 18, 1836. Folio broadside (14-1/2 x 11-1/4 inches), printed in two columns, at top is a large woodcut of American eagle grasping in its beak and talons a banner bearing the words: “Virtue, Liberty, & Independence;” the title is in three increasingly large sizes of type (approximately 24, 46, and 72 point). A few short tears to blank margins, some creasing (particularly at old folds), slight loss of inked image at top (where formerly pasted in scrapbook?), two small holes and a few splits to text (partial loss of only four words), a few minor foxmarks and light soiling. Minor flaws for so bold, choice, and rare a broadside, emphatically documenting pro-Texian sentiment in the U.S. in the most rousing language.

First printing. Unrecorded. Not in Streeter. In this patriotic recruitment broadside, Thomas Jefferson Morgan exhorts the Freemen of Pennsylvania to service in the Texian cause, vigorously calling forth the spirit of the American Revolution:

THE DESCENDANTS OF REVOLUTIONARY HEROES too well appreciate the blessings of FREEDOM, to fail sympathizing with Nations, struggling for INDEPENDENCE.... FREEDOM’S call once more summons us to action! Humanity beckons-Philanthropy beseeches-Duty Commands us to hasten to the rescue of our fellow countrymen!... to fly to the succour of our fellow citizens, and avenge the slaughter of our butchered brethren.

The Texians are, emphatically, “blood of our blood, and bone of our bone:” they confidently cast their eyes to the United States for assistance in their struggle for Independence. Shall they be disappointed? Shall the blood of Fannin, Travis, Bowie, Crockett, and a host of other martyrs of Freedom, have been shed in vain? Look to yon fearful pile upon which are stretched the yet struggling forms of those victims of Mexican duplicity, and worse than savage barbarity!-See! the torch is applied, and now the awful, deafening shriek ensues! Anon, the curling smoke ascends towards Heaven, and bones and ashes are the sad remnants of our countrymen! Who does not cry aloud for vengeance? Who does not burn with impatience to chastise the Mexican bloodhounds?....

Countrymen! I know full well it is unnecessary to mention any other inducement which is extended to Volunteers, than that of a desire to establish Free and Liberal Principles upon the ruins of Tyranny, Fanaticism, and Bloodshed-but, for the sake of information, I shall subjoin the Terms upon which Volunteers Enter the Army of Texas.... Each Volunteer serving 3 months, shall receive 320 acres of land...2110 acres of land if a single man-and if a married man he shall receive 5240 acres of land.... History does not furnish so wide and fertile a field for enterprise as ever having been presented to the view of any People. Those individuals who have no other aim in this life than the mere accumulation of riches, where will they have so favorable an opportunity to realize their hopes as is now offered upon the plains of Texas? If wealth then, be your sole desire, go to Texas, “the fairest of a thousand lands!”....

Rally, Fellow-countrymen, rally! Thousands of our citizens from the South and from the West are pouring into Texas-some of our greatest and best men are to be found among the number; will you be backward when the cause of Freedom is at hazard? No! I know you better: -You will prove true to your ancestors, true to yourselves, and true to your posterity! Come on-come on! Liberty calls you to her standard-The spirits of our departed Heroes beckon you onward! Come on-come! Riches, Honor, Happiness, await you! On! On! The Free of every clime will pour forth to the God of battles their fervent supplications for your success, and unborn millions will bless your memories!

The more research we pursued on this broadside, the more interesting it became. George Washington Morgan (the writer’s younger brother) tells the story of the gathering organized to recruit volunteers for Texas for which this imprint was created (SWHQ III, pp. 178-205). At the general muster of the Pennsylvania Militia, with several thousand men in attendance, Thomas Jefferson Morgan posted this broadside and raised the Lone Star “Liberty or Death” flag in front of the Court House at Washington, Pennsylvania. The Militia Generals “took umbrage at the foreign flag being raised...over the Stars and Stripes” and demanded that it be removed. A large crowd swarmed behind the Generals to the Morgan home, and after an initial angry confrontation, a truce was made that the Texian flag would be allowed to fly in front of the Morgan home.

Morgan describes the event: “My brother sprang on to a chair and in indignant tones demanded to know by what right they invaded the sanctity of his father’s house, and by what authority they threatened to take down the Texan recruiting flag; adding: ‘If I am violating law, I am ready to respond to the law; but show me the law under which you pretend to act. It is you and not I who are the disturbers of the peace; and if evil comes of this, the responsibility will be yours. And now I warn you that I will defend that flag, and the first man who dares molest it shall be shot down by my orders!’”

Fresh out of college, Thomas Jefferson Morgan quickly raised a full company of 280 Pennsylvanian Volunteers for the Texian cause in 1836. He and his fifteen-year old brother George Washington Morgan (New Handbook IV, pp. 835-36; SWHQ XXX, January 1927; & DNB) joined the Texas cause and came to Texas, commencing service in the fall of that year (see our Auction Catalogue One, items 148 and 149, describing their original army commissions, signed by Sam Houston). The Morgan brothers were of upstanding old Pennsylvania stock, grandsons of William Duane (1760-1834), journalist, politician, and Adjutant General through the War of 1812 (DNB). Their father, Thomas Morgan, was an intimate of Andrew Jackson and his wife, and their grandfather Colonel George Morgan served under George Washington during the American Revolution (it was at his home “Morganza” that Aaron Burr revealed his plans for a South Western Empire, and Morgan was the first to inform President Jefferson of Burr’s intended plot). Richard Bache, a grandson of Benjamin Franklin who came to Texas in 1832 and settled in Austin’s colony at Brazoria, was their cousin. In a letter to the Morgan brothers’ mother, Catherine Duane Morgan, dated January 31, 1837, Sam Houston describes the lads thus: “I have visited the army and met with your noble sons, and I really think if asked for your jewels you might well give the answer of Cornelia and point to your boys.... Their standing in the Army is very high and they bear the stamp of worth, honour and valour upon their manly features. The indications of their future usefulness and distinction are palpable as any I have ever met with” (Writings of Sam Houston, II, pp. 45-46).
($22,000-32,000) $25,300.00


143. MORLEY, Christopher. Lot of eleven books by Morley, including: The Haunted Bookshop. Garden City: Doubleday, Page & Company, 1919. 8vo, original brown cloth with black lettering. Spinal extremities frayed, slightly shelf-slanted. Author’s signed presentation copy to Fred Case: “When this little and very amateurish book was written, the author had no idea there would be so many successors-and PFC seems to have them all-Christopher Morley.”

First edition. The issue points have always been in dispute. In this copy the numeral 76 is not present at the bottom of the page and the type is broken in Burroughs. However, p. 100, line 1, has “Sty” rather than “Styx,” and p. 163, line 1 reads “footfalls.” Plus ten other books by Morley (all but one are first editions, all signed, some presentation copies). Condition varies, mostly good to fine. (ll vols.)
($500-750) $575.00


144. NAZARI, Giovanni Battista. Della Tramutatione metallica sogni tre.... Brescia: Pietro Maria Marchetti, 1599. [16] 231 [1] pp., 17 woodcuts (12 hand-colored) some full-page, some repeated, a few grotesque, woodcut initials, Aldine-type anchor on title and last leaf. 8vo, old vellum. Binding spotted and with three small abrasions, first three leaves stained, original paper flaw to lower blank corner of one text leaf, generally a very good, tall copy. Two contemporary ownership inscriptions on title and a few ink notes and markings in text.

Third and best edition of this sought-after alchemical work, the first to contain the Concordantia de Filosofi (pp. 169-231), ascribed to Arnold de Villanova by Ferguson, and containing the list of alchemists and alchemical books, greatly enlarged from the second edition (1572). The first edition was published at Brescia in 1564. Bibliotheca Esoterica, pp. 342-43. Caillet 7937. Duveen 426. Ferguson II:131-32: “Nazari had read an infinity of authors, even those little known, and had worked at the subject for forty years, though probably not practically.” BMC (Italian STC), p. 463. Mellon 55 (& see 45). The woodcuts include examples of Bernardus Trevisanus instructing the author, and Nazari sleeping in the woods. The grotesque woodcuts are quite fantastic, including Mercury without hands and feet, monkeys dancing around an ass playing a recorder, and a three-headed mercurial dragon with a human face at its stomach. Little is known about Nazari; Jung mentions the work in Psychology & Alchemy.
($2,000-3,000) $2,300.00


145. [NEBRASKA: BOX BUTTE COUNTY]. Original manuscript ledger of Jail Record. Alliance, Box Butte County, Nebraska, October 14, 1887, to March 31, 1959. The manuscript is divided into two parts: (1) Alphabetical register of defendants (scantily kept). 52 pp. (2) Chronological records with prisoners’ names, crimes, dates of residency, disposition, and financial accounting. 316 pp. Very large folio, original calf gilt, spine with oversize raised bands, entirely covered with contemporary protective steel grey cloth and red leather corners. Two leaves removed at end. Very fine and legible, written in numerous sheriffs’ hands. Taped at rear are receipts for juvenile offenders delivered to the Kearney Boys’ Training School between 1951 and 1966.

This early ledger for the Northwestern Nebraska county records standard infractions, such as drunk and disorderly, assault, adultery, rape, robbery, theft, forgery, gambling, destroying railroad property, illegal train-riding, etc. Some idea of the changing patterns of crime over seven decades may be inferred by comparing the entries. The early, less populated years seem to have been fairly free of crime, with only five partial pages devoted to the years from 1887 to 1901, though there are fewer petty crimes. During Prohibition, the preponderance of crime relates to alcohol (bootleggers, drunkenness, possession of still, sale of liquor to Indians, etc.). With the advent of the automobile, the infractions found are speeding, driving without lights, driving without a license, reckless driving, “joy riding,” driving while intoxicated, auto theft (replacing horse-stealing), etc. During the second World War, the number of offenders with Native American names increases (perhaps reflecting a trend toward integration into town life). At least two persons, one with Hispanic surname, were jailed for possession of marijuana (1948 and 1950).
($500-1,000) $575.00


SECOND LITHOGRAPHIC VIEW OF NEW BRAUNFELS

146. [NEW BRAUNFELS, TEXAS]. IWONSKI, Carl G. von. Neu-Braunfels. Deutsche Colonie in West Texas [panoramic view of New Braunfels from a nearby high point, cabin and three men at right]. Leipzig: J. G. Bach, [1856]. Toned lithograph, hand-colored. 7-1/4 x 17-7/8 inches. Mounted on board (print and board professionally deacidified).

First printing. Reps, Views and Viewmakers of Urban America 3989 (2 loc. Witte Memorial Museum, San Antonio & Center for American History, UT Austin). Steinfeldt, Art for History’s Sake, pp. 135-44: “Iwonski’s pencil rendition of this view was acquired by Duke Paul Württemburg during his brief visit to New Braunfels, Texas, in 1855, [and he] may have been responsible for having the lithograph made. Unfortunately, the original sketch [was] destroyed by bombing in World War II.... Iwonski’s panorama of New Braunfels is particularly important as a graphic document of the site. It has been widely reproduced in Texas literature.”

Tyler locates four additional copies of the print (Sophienberg Museum, New Braunfels; Texas State Library; HRC at UT Austin; private collection) and comments: “The second lithographic view of New Braunfels...was surely the work of a twenty-five old, self-trained artist named Carl G. von Iwonski.... A splendid print made from the perspective on the Vereinsberg.... The cabin at the right is probably part of the Sophienburg. The road at the left, over which the covered wagon is being drawn, is probably the San Antonio-Austin Road.” The UT copy identifies the three men at the right as Ernest Dosch (one of the first German settlers in New Braunfels), Dr. [Ferdinand von] Remer [or Roemer] (either the New Braunfels physician or the German geologist who explored Texas from 1845 to 1847), and Ferd[inand Jacob] Lindheimer (noted German-Texas botanist). The Sophienberg Museum copy identifies the three as Ernest Dosch, Dr. Wilhelm Remer, and Viktor Bracht, the latter of whose book, Texas im 1848, gives a vivid view of mid-nineteenth-century Texas. Iwonski (1830-1912) joined the first group of German immigrants to Texas under the leadership of Carl of Solms-Braunfels in 1845 and probably was among the group who protected the immigrants on their hazardous march from the coast to New Braunfels; later Iwonski worked in partnership with Texas painter Hermann Lungwitz. New Handbook III, p. 882.
($2,000-3,000) $3,450.00

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EARLIEST SURVIVING NEW MEXICO IMPRINT

147. NEW MEXICO (Mexican Department). SANTA FE. AYUNTAMIENTO. Lista de los ciudadanos que deberán componer los jurados de imprenta, formada por el ayuntamiento de esta capital.... Santa Fe: Imprenta de Ramón Abreu á cargo de Jesús María Baca, 1834. 1 p., folio broadside (13 x 7-1/2 inches), printed in two columns. Thomas W. Streeter’s copy, with printed label and his small pencil note indicating acquisition from the Eberstadts in March 1945.

First printing of “the earliest New Mexico imprint that has survived” (Streeter Sale 409). AII, New Mexico Imprints 3. Streeter, Americana-Beginnings 61. Trienens, Pioneer Imprints from Fifty States, pp. 58-59: “The first press of New Mexico was imported overland from the United States in l834 [and] was operating at Santa Fe by August 1834 with Abreu as proprietor and Baca as printer, the latter having learned his trade in Durango, Mexico.” The broadside, printed when New Mexico was still a Department of the Republic of Mexico, lists ninety men qualified to be jurors in Santa Fe under Mexican law. See also Wagner, “New Mexico Spanish Press 1834-1845” in NMHR (Jan. 1937).
($2,000-3,000) $2,300.00


PORTRAIT MEDALLION BY ELISABET NEY

148. NEY, Elisabet. Plaster cast, circular medallion with bas-relief bust portrait of a Renaissance woman, lettered VXOR BERNARDVS BARBIGE NONII[]STROZA. 3-1/2 inches (diameter); 1/2 inch (thickness). Signed with incised initials E.N. on lower rim. Two shallow chips (one on back, not affecting image; the other, at front right, affecting perhaps a letter or two). Some minor surface scratching. A gracious sculptural gem, exhibiting the artist’s classical and realistic style.

Why Ney created this most unusual, intimate sculpture is an intriguing question to which we find no satisfactory answer. The Renaissance lady portrayed was a member of the notable Italian family of Strozzi, either by birth or marriage. The Florentine family pursued banking, patronized the arts, and was banned from Florence by the Medicis in 1434. Ney (1833-1907), one of the first professional sculptors in Texas, was born at Münster, Westphalia, attended the Munich Academy of Art, studied with noted sculptor Christian Daniel Rauch, and worked and traveled extensively in Europe before emigrating to the U.S. and finally Texas in 1872. Artist of international reputation, sculptress of statesmen, friend of Schopenhauer, and an outspoken, imaginative freethinker, Ney was frequently misunderstood. Examples of her works are exhibited at the Texas State Capitol, the Statuary Hall in the Capitol at Washington, D.C., the Smithsonian, and her studio in Austin, an historic landmark. Bachmann & Piland, Women Artists, p. 191. Bénézit, Dictionnaire VI, p. 347. Notable American Women II, pp. 623-25.
($2,000-4,000) $2,530.00

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149. NEY, Elisabet. Autograph letter, signed, to Mr. & Mrs. W. Graham. Formosa, Hyde Park, Austin, Texas, February 29, 1900. 2 pp., 4to, on pictorial stationery (with half-tone illustration of Ney’s studio, Formosa), written in pencil, recipient’s manuscript note on p. [3]. Lightly creased where folded, otherwise fine. Three letters of one word enhanced by another hand. Ney manuscript material is rare in commerce; the few items we have seen were for appraisals going to institutions.

In an obviously labored hand, Ms. Ney graciously declines an invitation and notes: “I am still incapacitated to mingle in large gatherings, as my writing even is yet with my left hand.”
($750-1,500) $862.50


150. NUTTALL, Zelia. Codex Nuttall: Facsimile of an Ancient Mexican Codex Belonging to Lord Zouche of Harynworth, England. Cambridge: Peabody Museum, 1902. 35 pp. (text) + 84 pp. (full color lithographic facsimile). Oblong 4to, unbound (loose sheets, never bound). Title page lightly soiled, otherwise fine.

First printed edition. Glass, p. 664: "Based on artist's copy, with historical and descriptive commentary." Facsimile of one of the finest extant Mesoamerican pictorial codices, dating from preconquest Western Oaxaca, containing genealogies, history, year- and day-signs, and chants. The original, now in the British Museum, is said to have been presented by Cortés to Charles V in 1519. ($400-800) $460.00

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