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11. [MAP]. EMORY,

W[illiam] H[emsley].

Map of Texas and the Countries Adjacent

Compiled in the Bureau of the Corps of Topographical Engineens

(sic)

from the Best Authorities

for the State Department under the Direction of Colonel J. J. Abert Chief of the Corps by W.

H.

Emory, 1

st.

Lieut. T. E.

War Department 1844.

[Washington, 1844]. Lithographic map. 53.2

x 78.8 cm (21 x 31 inches). Lower left: Land and population statistics; relative position of

the Presidio of Rio Grande and San Antonio de Bexar; and cartographic authorities on

whom Emory relied.

Upper right: Table of areas giving limits of Texas as de

W

ned by

Republic of Texas Congress and U.S. Senate resolution. A few tears skillfully repaired

(no losses), otherwise very

W

ne. Small blind-embossed stamp in German at lower right.

First edition,

W

rst issue

(large-scale format) of a key map in the historical cartography

of Texas and the Southwest—the

W

rst map published by the United States government

to recognize the boundaries of the Republic of Texas, thus recognizing Texas as a sepa-

rate entity. One of two large-scale issues of Emory’s map, for which no priority has been

established (the other large-scale issue bears the inscription

W. J. Stone Sc.

Wash

n.

, is on

thinner paper, has pale outlining, and

Engineers

in title is correctly spelled). A small-scale

edition came out the same year.

Martin & Martin,

Maps of Texas and the Southwest, 1513-

1900

#33: “The map...displayed the vast territorial claims of the Republic of Texas in rela-

tion to the whole of the American Southwest. First map to show correctly the full extent

of the boundaries set by the Texas Congress on December 19, 1836, extending to the

forty-second parallel above the sources of the Rio Grande and Arkansas River.... Little

was known west of Austin although the Edwards Plateau was indicated.... Emory him-

self had never been to Texas and, consequently, he based the map not on actual obser-

vation but on information gleaned from the numerous sources available to him in the

o

Y

ces of the Corps of Topographical Engineers in Washington.... In fashioning a syn-

thesis from these sources, Emory was often forced to reconcile con

X

icting information”;

p. 37: “As the Republic period drew to a close, the United States Army saw the likeli-

hood of a future war in the Texas region, and planning for that contingency, produced

a landmark

map. Compiled by William

H. Emory of the Corps of Topographical

Engineers, for whom this was merely the beginning of a long association with Texas and

the Southwest, the map represented the best available topographical description of the

region at the time of its publication in 1844.” Streeter 1543: “It is probable that the large-

scale map was issued before the edition on smaller scale.” Taliaferro, p. 15n (designating

Emory’s map as important for its contribution to Texas geography as a whole and pro-

viding a “valuable record of the social and political evolution of the state during the

crucial years when much of its territory was

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rst settled by a population of European

origin.” Wheat,

Mapping the Transmississippi

West

478 (describing the small-scale issue).

($6,000-10,000)

12. [MAP]. ENSIGN, T. & E.

H.

Map of Texas and Part of

Mexico Reduced and Compiled

from the Congressional

Map and Other Recent Authorities.

[New York], 1846. Engraved

map on sti

V

clay-coated card stock. 5

æ

x 4

inches.

Original outline coloring in lilac,

ornamental woven border. Lower blank margin with some minor staining and light

wear, overall

W

ne.

An intriguing and rare miniature map printed on clay-coated card stock, with Texas

in the Emory conformation, but with more detail provided. The map may have been

issued in response to public demand for more information on the Mexican War theatres.

We sold a copy of this map in our Auction 8 (November, 1999) for $4,600. Day, p. 43.

($3,000-6,000)

Item 10

Item 11