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1

. [ATLAS]. ARROWSMITH, [Aaron] & [Samuel] Lewis.

A New and Elegant General

Atlas. Comprising All the New Discoveries, to the Present Time. Containing Sixty Three

Maps, Drawn By Arrowsmith and Lewis. Intended to Accompany the New Improved

Edition of Morse’s Geography, but Equally Well Calculated to Be Used with His

Gazetteer, or Any Other Geographical Work.

Boston: Published by Thomas &

Andrews. Sold at Their Bookstore, No.

45

, Newbury-Street, and by the Principal

Booksellers in the United States, May,

1812

. [

4

] pp. (title and list of maps),

63

copper-

engraved maps (

2

foldout). Small

4

to, contemporary sheep over boards covered with

paper. Sheep dry and worn, front hinge cracked and weak, fragile paper-covered

boards worn (especially at corners and edges). Interior age-toned and with mild to

moderate o

ff

setting, staining, and foxing, overall a very good, complete, unsophisti-

cated copy. This copy is in its original uncolored state (the atlas is more frequently

found with crude hand-coloring).

The

fi

rst edition of this early, in

fl

uential American atlas was published at

Philadelphia in

1804

, with an edition following at Boston in

1805

. The present edition

contains the same maps as the

fi

rst edition, plus seven new maps.

American Imprints

24632

. Cohen,

Mapping the West

, p.

80

(commenting on the Louisiana map): “The

Samuel Lewis map was the primary map of the newly purchased territory of

Louisiana and its surroundings and, as such, re

fl

ected the shaped American popular

geographical images of the western interior at the time of Lewis and Clark.” Phillips,

Atlases

718

. Walsh,

Maps Contained in the Publications of the American Bibliography

1639

-

1819

, pp.

141

-

143

. Wheat,

Mapping the Transmississippi West

259

,

260

,

261

&

262

(listed in both vols. I and II).

This atlas contains twenty-two maps of American interest, including four very

important ones relating to the AmericanWest which also appeared in the

1804

edition:

(

1

)

Louisiana Drawn by S. Lewis.

25

x

20

.

2

cm (

9⅞

x

8

inches). Extends from New

Albion and the Paci

fi

c shores, with the prominent feature being “Roche or Stoney

M

ns.

[Rocky Mountains]. The map is illustrated in Wheat (vol. II, plate following p.

2

) and Cohen ( p.

81

). “The most interesting of the four maps.... It is not too much to

say that, until Lewis and Clark’s own map appeared in

1814

, the Soulard map, in the

version o

ff

ered to the public by Arrowsmith and Lewis constituted the most ambi-

tious, and—despite its many obvious in

fi

rmities—the most informative published

attempt to portray the West and Northwest of what is now the United States” (Wheat,

vol. II, pp.

4

-

8

; see vol. II, pp.

9

-

12

for a fascinating discussion of the other three maps

relating to the American West and Texas; also, vol. I, pp.

157

-

160

).

(

2

)

British Possessions in America....

19

.

8

x

24

.

7

cm (

7⅞

x

inches).

(

3

)

Spanish Dominions in North America....

20

.

2

x

24

.

7

cm (

8

x

inches).

(

4

)

North America.

24

.

6

x

20

cm (

9⅝

x

inches).

This atlas in its portrayal of the American West is a summation of all the hopes

and fears of various competing factions for possession of the North American West.

The present mapmakers give some emphasis to British pretensions to the territories

shown, while nodding to Spanish and U.S. possessions. Probably deliberately, the

western portions of geographical knowledge are shown basically in nebulous out-

line, although the map of Louisiana is based upon the apparently solid and experi-

enced work done by French mapmaker Antoine Soulard, who is given no credit

here. In this Louisiana map, based upon Soulard’s projections, Louisiana stretched

almost coast-to-coast, re

fl

ecting French pretensions and probably published in this

form as a warning to those pretensions rather than as an actual portrayal of facts.

Despite those prejudices, the maps here in some form were the ones used by Lewis

and Clark in their explorations, and they had to contend with the inaccuracies

embodied in them. It was not until the

1814

publication of Lewis and Clark’s travels

that the portrayals here were somewhat corrected. (See Wheat, vol. II, pp.

4

-

8

; see

vol. II, pp.

9

-

12

for a fascinating discussion of the other three maps relating to the

American West and Texas; also, vol. I, pp.

157

-

160

). Interestingly, U.S. mapmaker

Samuel Lewis took editorial responsibility for both the maps here and the ones pub-

lished in the

1814

Lewis and Clark report.

This discussion does not encompass other notable maps in Arrowsmith and Lewis’s

atlas, such as the map of Ohio, which was the

fi

rst separately printed map of Ohio (see

Thomas H. Smith,

The Mapping of Ohio

; Kent: Kent State University Press,

1977

).

Aaron Arrowsmith (

1750

-

1823

), prominent English cartographer, engraver, and

publisher, created about two hundred maps during his illustrious career. He became

hydrographer to the Prince of Wales around

1810

, and to the king in

1820

. Samuel

Lewis (

fl

.

1774

-

1807

), noted American draftsman, penman, cartographer, and geogra-

pher, published both independently and jointly with Arrowsmith. Samuel Lewis “is

to be especially remembered as the draftsman who put in form for publication the

celebrated map (originally drawn by William Clark) that in

1814

gave to the world its

fi

rst detailed re

fl

ection of the American Northwest, as Lewis and Clark had pictured it”

(Wheat, vol. II, p.

5

, footnote

3

; see also Wheat

316

and

317

).

(

$1

,

000

-

3

,

000

)

The Nathan Appleton Copy

of the

1838

Bradford Atlas—With the Texas Map

2

. [ATLAS]. BRADFORD, T[homas] G[amaliel].

An Illustrated Atlas, Geographical,

Statistical, and Historical, of the United States, and the Adjacent Countries.

Boston:

Weeks, Jordan, and Company, [

1838

]. [

4

]

170

pp.,

39

engraved plates as follows:

1

engraved pictorial title with hand-colored vignettes (views of Niagara Falls, the

Capitol, medallions of a Native American and George Washington, and various

American

fl

ora and fauna, within border composed of snakes and cane poles),

5

sheets of city plans with contemporary coloring (plan of New York City bound at

front of atlas, opposite the title page, with purple tissue protective sheet in between),

33

maps with contemporary color outlining and shading, the map of the United

States being double-sheet. The plate list at the front calls for

40

maps and plates, but

the double-sheet map of the U.S. is counted on the plate list as two maps, making an

actual total of

39

maps and plates. Small folio (

42

.

6

x

34

.

8

cm;

17⅞

x

13¾

inches), con-

temporary three-quarter brown leather over plum cloth with embossed

fl

oral pat-