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blank margin where former ink inscription was abraded, uniform light to moderate

foxing and o

ff

setting,

fi

rst few leaves lightly stained, generally very good, maps

fi

ne.

Contemporary ink ownership inscription in ink on title.

First American edition

(originally published at London, ca.

1758

; see Phillips,

Atlases

621

). Evans

33794

. Phillips,

Atlases

691

. Walsh,

Maps Contained in the Publica-

tions of the American Bibliography,

1639

-

1819

#E

33794

(p.

52

). Wheat & Brun,

Maps &

Charts Published in America before

1800

, p.

169

: “Maps have been re-engraved from

the

1792

(English) edition except for the map of France. The descriptive notes have

been omitted on the American maps.”

It would appear that the present

Atlas Minimus

is the

fi

rst

24

mo-format pocket

atlas published in the U.S. Small-format pocket atlases were conceived early; the

fi

rst

such atlas created to address the needs of travelers is thought to be Ptolemy’s

La

Geogra

fi

a

(Venice: Niccolo Bascarini for Giovanni Battista Pedrezano,

1548

). Others

are well-known, such as John Seller’s

1679

Atlas Minimus

in London. In the early

decades of U.S. printing there are a few

24

mo-format geographies containing a few

maps, such as those of Benjamin Workman (

1789

) and Charles Smith (

1795

). Mathew

Carey published the

American Pocket Atlas

in

1795

, but it was

12

mo in format.

Publisher Carey states in the preface that this petite atlas forms a good companion

piece to his large atlas of the United States published earlier that same year. He also

states that the atlas is “intended to give young gentlemen and ladies a general idea of

geography” (p. [

3

]). This atlas is an early (if not the

fi

rst) atlas published in the U.S.

meant for young people.

In the present copy, the

Index

calls for

38

leaves of maps; this copy does not have

the maps of Africa, North & South America, and Asia; however, it has maps of Brazil,

Paraguay, and Peru that are not called for but clearly issued with this copy. It also

lacks

Explanations

3

through

6

, which would seem to be the ones meant to accompa-

ny the absent maps; however, it has present

Explanations

39

through

41

, meant to

accompany the South American maps here present. This volume is probably com-

plete, therefore, as sold to the original purchaser.

Most of the maps were engraved by Joseph T. Scott of Philadelphia; France and

Egypt by William Barker; Denmark by Francis Shallus; Turkey in Europe, Naples &

Sicily, Brazil, Paraguay, and Peru by J. Roche;

fi

ve are unattributed. See Groce &

Wallace and Stau

ff

er, Fielding & Gage,

American Engravers upon Copper and Steel

for

more information on these engravers.

(

$2

,

000

-

4

,

000

)

4

. [ATLAS]. JOHNSON, [Alvin Jewett].

Johnson’s New Illustrated (Steel Plate) Family

Atlas, with Physical Geography, and with Descriptions Geographical, Statistical, and

Historical, and Including the Latest Federal Census, a Geographical Index, and a

Chronological History of the Civil War in America. By Richard Swainson Fisher,

M.D.,...Maps Compiled, Drawn, and Engraved under the Supervision of J. H. Colton

and A. J. Johnson.

New York: Johnson andWard, Successors to Johnson and Browning

(Successors to J. H. Colton and Company),

1864

.

105

[

1

, terminal ad for Johnson’s

fi

rm] pp.,

67

engraved plates as follows:

2

single-sheet plates (

American Atlas

[uncol-

ored pictorial title] and

A Diagram Exhibiting the Di

ff

erence of the Time between the

Places Shown &Washington

[colored]);

2

double-sheet colored plates:

Mountains and

Rivers

and

Johnson’s New Chart of National Emblems

;

63

plates of maps with original

hand coloring to states and regions (

31

double-sheet maps and

28

single-sheet maps;

3

of the single-sheets with

2

maps per sheet; maps with ornate borders, many maps

with views and inset detail maps and plans); numerous text engravings (

6

colored

spheres, numerous uncolored detail maps, views, indigenous peoples, diagrams, etc.).

Folio, original three-quarter black roan over embossed olive green cloth, upper cover

with large gilt-embossed title and seal of national symbol of eagle clutching arrows

and olive branch, large stars

fl

anking the seal (design repeated, blind embossed, on

lower cover), original marbled endpapers and edges. Roan binding chipped and worn

(especially at extremities, joints, and lower corners, which are bumped). The interior

and maps are

fi

ne and bright with only occasional foxing and spots, two old tape

repairs to versos of

2

plates. Laid in is publisher’s printed notice, which assists in

understanding the varying complement of maps found in the Johnson atlases of that

era: “To the Subscribers to our New Atlas” stating, “In order to avoid the expense of

purchasing any other Map or Atlas for Many Years, we, the undersigned...have gone to

the cost and trouble of having inserted Extra Guards between the maps in the Atlas,

so that any person with a little Mucilage or Paste can easily introduce new Maps from

time to time, without the least detriment to the work. Should there be important

changes made, such as New Territories laid out; New States admitted; a Railroad to the

golden shores of the Paci

fi

c established, or any other marked change...requiring a few

New Maps, they will, of course, be made for our Atlas.”

This is an early intermediate version of A. J. Johnson’s very popular and enduring

atlas, which, as can be seen from the imprint above, had a complex publishing histo-

ry. According to Ristow, the atlas owed its genesis to J. H. Colton’s sale of the copy-

right to his atlas to Johnson in

1860

, the year the atlas was

fi

rst published in the pres-

ent format by Johnson. Johnson was a leading atlas publisher during and after the

Civil War, and the

New Illustrated Family Atlas

is considered his foremost work.

Various editions are listed by Phillips for several decades commencing in

1860

(see

Atlases

837

,

840

,

843

, etc.). The plates were based on Colton’s maps, but the decora-

tive borders were changed. Colton’s maps were engraved on steel plates and trans-

ferred to lithographic stones for printing, rather than the cheaper wax-engraving

method used by most map publishers of the era.

The present version of the atlas is augmented with information on the progress of

the Civil War, in both the maps and the lengthy detailed text entitled “The

Chronological History of the Great Rebellion” (pp.

96

-

105

), which terminates with the

text of Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. The double-sheet plate of international

emblems and

fl

ags includes seven

fl

ags of the United States, but predictably, not the

rogue

fl

ag of the Confederates. The ad leaf at the end presents the publishers’ hype

(“The Largest, Finest Executed, and Only Illustrated Township Atlas of the World Ever

Published”) and endorsements by “distinguished gentlemen,” including inventor

Samuel Morse and A. J. Hamilton of Texas. About half the maps focus on the United

States and America, including a military map of the U.S. showing forts and posts.

The large, handsome engraved title,

fi

rst published in J. H. Colton’s

American Atlas

(

1855

), is the work of Carl Emil Doepler (

1824

-

1905

), a Warsaw artist who came to the

U.S. in

1849

and worked as an illustrator for Harper & Brothers and Putnam (see