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Papers, etc. This is probably Macomb’s retained copy. The document was reviewed by

the State of Texas, and no claim was made. Austin’s signature as commander in chief

is rare. He was appointed to the post only on October

11

, after the Battle of Gonzales,

and surrendered his responsibilities on November

24

, when he became Texas com-

missioner to the U.S. and departed for New Orleans, whereupon Edward Burleson

became commander. This pass is an interesting example of Austin’s sometimes

unsuccessful e

ff

orts to introduce true military discipline and practices into the frac-

tious force that the army was at the time.

On November

12

, Austin, as commander of the volunteers, had declared that no

one could pass the lines without a letter of passage. As the dockets indicate, Macomb

probably used the pass to attend both the Consultation and the “Convention,”

although the latter probably refers to the General Council, which in December called

for the Convention, which did not actually meet until February

1836

. November

1835

was a particularly perilous and dangerous time for the Texians, and the security

measure that Austin takes here, involving even a trusted comrade, is indicative of the

dangers that were present, not only from Mexican forces but also potentially from

spies and deserters. Hostilities in the Texas Revolution are generally agreed to have

commenced with the October

1

-

2

,

1835

, Battle of Gonzales, where the Texians were

victorious. At the time this pass was issued, the Texas forces had already in late

October established a defensive position along the San Antonio River, and it was

probably these lines through which this authorization allowed Macomb to pass.

David B. Macomb (?-

1837

) was a crucial

fi

gure in the success of the Texas

Revolution. Unfailingly supportive of the Texian cause, he served in many capacities

and, although unsuccessful in some endeavors, such as raising funds for ships and

cannon in New York, he did manage to recruit volunteers to serve in Texas and oth-

erwise raise money and provide supplies for the revolution. Macomb was appointed

assistant adjutant and inspector general of the Texas Army on November

11

,

1835

(see Austin’s Order Book for

1835

). At the Consultation, Macomb signed both the

declaration of war against Santa Anna and the provisional Texas constitution.

See

Handbook of Texas Online

(David B. Macomb).

(

$15

,

000

-

30

,

000

)

Tenth Texas Imprint

11

. AUSTIN, Stephen F. [Printed form for promissory note completed in manu-

script commencing]:

$50

.

00

San Felipe de Austin,

[

6

th

April

1830

, in Samuel May

Williams’s handwriting]

Having been Received by S. F. Austin, as One of the Settlers

under His Contracts with Government, in Conformity with the Terms Published by

Him,

20

th November,

1829

;——I Promise to Pay to Said S. F. Austin....

[San Felipe de

Austin: G. B. Cotten,

1829

].

1

p., oblong

16

mo. Signed by Samuel Hinch (see Virginia

Taylor,

The Spanish Archives of the General Land O

ffi

ce of Texas

; Austin: Lone Star

Press,

1955

, p.

197

). Verso docketed by Samuel May Williams: “

311

Saml Hinch.” Age-

toned, generally very

fi

ne. Apparently this claim was never perfected. Ironically, the

form is dated April

6

,

1830

, the date of the Mexican law prohibiting further Anglo

colonization in Texas.

First printing

of an early Texas imprint relating to Austin’s colony. Streeter

10

(locating three copies: two in Texas and one at Yale): “Delivery of this promissory

note was the fourth of the steps...taken by an immigrant in acquiring land in Texas.

This form for a promissory note follows the terms outlined in Austin’s

Notice

of

November

20

,

1829

.... Austin, after having had Cotten print for him on November

20

the

Notice

and the certi

fi

cates of admission, had these forms for a promissory note

printed on November

30

.”

(

$1

,

000

-

2

,

000

)

Signed by Stephen F. Austin & Four Prominent Tejanos

12

. AUSTIN, Stephen F., Ramón Músquiz, José Antonio Baldomero Navarro, José

Miguel de Arciniega & José Gaspar María Flores de Abrego. Manuscript in Spanish

recording the election of Juan Martín de Veramendi and Rafael Manchola as repre-

sentatives to the Coahuila y Tejas legislature, signed by the named parties (Austin

signing “Estevan F. Austin” with his rubric below). San Fernando de Béxar,

September

5

,

1830

.

1

p., folio, with manuscript note at top: “Sello

4

o

una cuartillo,”

which is signed “Flores” (i.e., José Gaspar María Flores de Abrego), with his rubric

below. The notation of fourth seal indicates this was a copy made for public posting

or other such purposes. Because of the scarcity of sealed paper, which was required

for copies, o

ffi

cials often had to resort to manuscript certi

fi

cations like the present

one, signed by Flores. Paper uniformly browned, a few clean splits and minor chips

to lower margin (touching only one letter), a very good example of Austin’s signature

in its Spanish form, and on a document of historic substance. This document has

been reviewed by the State of Texas, and it is not on the State Missing List or believed

to be alienated from the o

ffi

cial archives.

The content and gathering of signatures of Stephen F. Austin and Tejano luminar-

ies makes this an especially important document for Texas while it was still part of

Mexico. Although Stephen F. Austin’s name and role in Texas independence are so

well-known as to need no further comment, his fellow signers here have often been

overlooked or underappreciated. Each of the four Tejanos signing here was instru-

mental in his own way in achieving Texas independence.

Músquiz (ca.

1797

-?), merchant and political

fi

gure, established a business in San

Antonio in

1823

, became involved in the political scene in Béxar, served as political

chief of the Department of Texas in

1828

, lobbied in favor of Anglo-American

Item

11