[CERRO GORDO, BATTLE OF]. JOAQUÍN DE GUERGUÉ, José. El Vice-Gobernador del Estado de Oaxaca, a sus habitantes. Oaxaca: Impreso por Ignacio Rincón, 1847. Dated in type April 21, 1847, and April 22, 1847. Broadside: 32.5 x 21.8 cm. Light horizontal crease, small fold split, several small voids not affecting text, upper left margin lightly discolored and chipped.
First edition. Eberstadt 261. Garrett & Goodwin, p. 493. Harper 297 (illustrated).
Probably the first news of the loss at Cerro Gordo. The text is broken into two parts. In the first Antonio de León announces from Orizaba that several army stragglers came into town the previous night with news of the loss and Santa-Anna’s imminent arrival. The second part consists of an impassioned statement by Guergué that the Americans had overwhelming numbers and urging all inhabitants to contribute to the war: “¿Quien puede negarse á defender su familia, su hogar, su patria y su religion?” He continues, “The whole republic is extremely moved and from Oaxaca we hope for the most extraordinary rush of patriotism, not only to help our army which has suffered such an overthrow but also to augment the forces under Antonio de Leon who are about to present themselves to danger” (Eberstadt).