[TEXAS]. MEXICO. SECRETARIO DE ESTADO (Lafragua). Memoria de la primera secretaria de estado y del despacho de relaciones interiores y esteriores de los estados Mexicanos leida al soberano congreso constituyente en los dias 14, 15 y 16 de diciembre de 1846 por el ministro del ramo. Mexico City: Imprenta de Vicente García Torres, en el ex-convento del Espíritu Santo, 1846. [1-5] 6-185 [1, blank], [1-3] 4-246,  pp., 21 folding statistical tables. Folio (28.7 x 20 cm), modern red buckram with gilt-lettered spine. Title foxed, light scattered foxing to text and folding tables, first table chipped and stained at right margin. Overall, a very good, complete copy. With small ink bookbinder’s stamp on rear pastedown.
First edition. Connor & Faulk 416. Garrett & Goodwin, p. 89. Palau 160957. Sabin 38613.
This report contains the first publication of important documents on the negotiations for a peace treaty between Mexico and the Republic of Texas. Texas proposed four treaty terms on March 29, 1845: 1) Mexico would recognize Texas independence; 2) Texas would never join another country; 3) the final boundaries would be negotiated, and; 4) boundary questions could be arbitrated.
Mexico passed legislation to allow the government to negotiate with Texas over the proposed terms. On March 1, 1845, the United States had agreed to annex Texas, and on July 4, Texas accepted the annexation and was admitted as a state on December 29, shortly after this report was made. War was obvious, and some of the documents concern the negotiations between John Slidell, who arrived in Mexico on November 30, and the Mexican government. It was too little too late. Slidell departed on March 23, 1846, and war broke out a few months later. The remainder of the report gives a detailed view of Mexican life and issues facing its citizens, institutions, and government. The statistical tables offer valuable detailed information about Mexican finances, including those concerning schools and colleges, and even including a list of textbooks used.
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